Her criminal case and detention have had major geopolitical implications, further souring relations between Beijing and both Washington and Ottawa.
Western officials decried China's subsequent arrest of two Canadian nationals in December 2018 as a flagrant display of "hostage diplomacy."
Meng left Vancouver, B.C., on a flight for China on Friday afternoon, according to a person familiar with the matter. Hours later, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that the two Canadians had been released from prison and were on their way home, accompanied by Dominic Barton, Canada's ambassador to China.
Meng, Huawei’s chief financial officer, made a virtual appearance in a Brooklyn courtroom Friday afternoon to formalize the agreement, conceding to a statement of facts that laid out her involvement in misleading a financial institution regarding Huawei’s relationship with Skycom, which functioned as an arm of Huawei in Iran.
The bank has been identified in other court proceedings as HSBC, which started as a smaller institution in China but has grown to operate globally.
Through Skycom, Huawei conducted transactions in U.S. currency with HSBC in the amount of more than $100 million between 2010 and 2014, according to prosecutors. A portion of that amount, at least $7.5 million, supported Huawei’s business dealings in Iran, officials said.
Federal prosecutors say Skycom was controlled by Huawei. Meng, in signing the agreement, admitted to being involved in efforts to cover up the true relationship, effectively tricking banks into clearing transactions in violation of U.S. sanctions on Tehran.
“Meng’s admissions confirm the crux of the government’s allegations in the prosecution of this financial fraud,” Nicole Boeckmann, acting U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of New York, said in a statement.
Meng’s attorney, Reid Weingarten, did not return calls for comment after the hearing.
In court, Assistant U.S. Attorney David K. Kessler said the Justice Department would move to dismiss the charges against Meng when the deferral period ends on Dec. 1, 2022, provided she is not charged with a crime before then.
Meng, through an interpreter, told U.S. District Judge Ann Donnelly she understood the terms of the deal and agreed to it.
Meng, the daughter of Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei, was arrested in Vancouver in December 2018 and later charged with bank and wire fraud and conspiracy to commit bank and wire fraud. The Justice Department alleged that Huawei and Meng tricked HSBC into clearing millions of dollars in transactions with Skycom in violation of U.S. sanctions prohibiting business dealings with Iran.
China has cast the charges against Meng as political, part of a U.S. plot to stunt the country’s rise. Then-President Donald Trump told Reuters he would intervene in the case if it would help broker a trade deal with China. After being released from jail on $8 million bond, Meng was allowed to stay at one of her two mansions in Vancouver, wearing a GPS monitor and under surveillance by a court-appointed security company.
The case is one of several points of contention between the United States and Huawei, one of China’s largest tech companies and the world’s largest manufacturer of telecommunications equipment. The Trump administration placed Huawei on an export blacklist in 2019. That move and a subsequent tightening of the restrictions stopped Huawei from buying many types of high-tech semiconductors, hurting the Chinese company’s ability to manufacture.
U.S. officials have also called Huawei’s aggressive push into the global 5G telecommunications equipment market a national security threat, warning that Chinese authorities could tap into the gear to spy on or disrupt communications. Huawei and China have rejected that concern, but the United States has essentially banned the use of Huawei network equipment domestically and pressured allies not to use it.
Meng’s arrest thrust Canada into the middle of the tense U.S.-China standoff and created a foreign policy nightmare for Trudeau at a time when he hoped to deepen economic ties with Beijing. China later detained former Canadian diplomat Michael Kovrig and businessman Michael Spavor, and banned imports of some Canadian crops, including canola.
The “two Michaels,” as they are known in Canada, faced separate, secret trials in March on vague charges of spying and stealing state secrets. A Chinese court found Spavor guilty in August and sentenced him to 11 years in prison. A verdict for Kovrig had not yet been announced before their release Friday.
Trudeau, who won a third term this week with a minority government after a snap election, has been roundly criticized for his handling of the dispute. His chief opponent, Conservative Party leader Erin O’Toole, attacked Trudeau’s China policy at a debate during the campaign, saying he had “let the Michaels down.”
Other prominent Canadians, including several former foreign ministers, urged Trudeau to let Meng go, hoping that would spur China to release the two Canadians. Trudeau had resisted those calls, saying that releasing her would endanger other Canadians around the world.
Meng’s attorneys had been fighting her extradition from Canada to the United States. On Friday, the Justice Department withdrew its extradition request and a judge in Vancouver dismissed the pending proceeding.
Coletta reported from Toronto. Jeanne Whalen in Washington contributed to this report.
Correction: An earlier version of this story said that the U.S. Justice Department would dismiss charges against Meng Wanzhou when the deferral period on them ends on Dec. 21, 2022. In fact, the period ends on Dec. 1, 2022. The story has been corrected.