The Washington Post

Beyond the ick factor: A toxic byproduct is produced when someone pees in a pool

Uric acid can combine with the chlorine used to disinfect pools to produce potentially hazardous compounds. (Bigstock)

Peeing in the pool not only has an ick factor; it also produces a surprising health hazard when urine combines with pool chemicals, a new study says. The results show that uric acid, a compound in urine, combines with the chlorine used to disinfect pools to produce potentially hazardous compounds called “volatile disinfection byproducts.”

One byproduct is cyanogen chloride, a compound that is known to be toxic to many human organs if it is inhaled. Another compound, trichloramine, has been linked with lung injuries from exposure to chlorine-based disinfectants.

Researchers knew that chlorine could react with urine, sweat and other organic matter to produce contaminants in swimming pools. But the new findings show definitively that uric acid is a precursor to cyanogen chloride and trichloramine, the researchers said. [7 Common Summer Health Concerns]

“Given that uric acid introduction to pools is attributable to urination, a voluntary action for most swimmers, these findings indicate important benefits to pool water and air chemistry that could result from improved hygiene habits on the part of swimmers,” the researchers said.

“A common misconception within the swimming community is that urination in pools is an acceptable practice, although signs and placards are posted in many pools to encourage proper hygiene,” said study researcher Ernest R. Blatchley III, a professor of civil engineering at Purdue University. “It is also well known that many swimmers ignore these warnings; particularly noteworthy among these are competitive swimmers,” Blatchley said.

A 2010 study suggest that disinfection byproducts can cause genetic mutations when tested on cells in a lab dish.

Live Science

9 Healthy Habits You Can Do in 1 Minute (Or Less)

9 Tips for Exercising in Winter Weather

12 Worst Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals & Their Health Effects

The Freddie Gray case

Please provide a valid email address.

You’re all set!

Campaign 2016 Email Updates

Please provide a valid email address.

You’re all set!

Get Zika news by email

Please provide a valid email address.

You’re all set!
Show Comments

Sign up for email updates from the "Confronting the Caliphate" series.

You have signed up for the "Confronting the Caliphate" series.

Thank you for signing up
You'll receive e-mail when new stories are published in this series.
Most Read



Success! Check your inbox for details.

See all newsletters

Close video player
Now Playing

To keep reading, please enter your email address.

You’ll also receive from The Washington Post:
  • A free 6-week digital subscription
  • Our daily newsletter in your inbox

Please enter a valid email address

I have read and agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Please indicate agreement.

Thank you.

Check your inbox. We’ve sent an email explaining how to set up an account and activate your free digital subscription.