Cold medicines contain antihistamines, decongestants and other ingredients

Oral cold medicines contain components whose names may mean little to most people. Here’s a list of some common ingredients, organized by function:

Antihistamine

chlorpheniramine maleate

brompheniramine maleate

diphenhydramine hydrochloride

Decongestant

pseudoephedrine hydrochloride

phenylephrine hydrochloride

Expectorant

guaifenesin

Cough suppressant

dextromethorphan hydrobromide

Pain reliever/fever reducer

acetaminophen

ibuprofen

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