The Washington Post

Notes in Darwin’s books, available online, reveal naturalist’s evolving ideas

One of Darwin’s books lies open to show his notes. Alongside it is the published edition of his annotations, now available digitally. (Cambridge University library)

When evolution theorist Charles Darwin finished reading Charles Lyell’s “Principles of Geology,” he scribbled on the last page, “if this were true[,] adios theory.” Such comments appear in the margins of about half of the famed naturalist’s 1,480 books, revealing an avid, thoughtful reader constantly evaluating his ideas and those of other authors. Now anyone can peer into those pages to see how Darwin’s thinking changed as he developed his theory of evolution. The 330 most heavily annotated titles are now digitized and online at the Biodiversity Heritage Library (, a project to put natural history information on the Web. The image of each page comes with a window describing the locations of Darwin’s notes and a transcription of his scrawl. One can also search his scribblings by subject.

Elizabeth Pennisi, ScienceNOW, the online daily news service of the journal Science

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