The elderly people can improve balance by exercising. (Lefteris Pitarakis/AP)

Get some exercise: lack of exercise can lead to weak legs. Exercise programs such as tai chi can increase strength and improve balance.

Review your medications: some medicines or combinations can have side effects such as dizziness or drowsiness.

Keep your vision sharp: older adults should have their eyes checked every year.

Eliminate hazards at home:

Remove things you can trip over.

●Install handrails and lights on all staircases.

Remove small throw rugs, or use double-sided tape to keep them from slipping.

●Keep items you use often in cabinets you can reach easily without using a step stool.

●Put grab bars inside and next to the tub or shower and next to the toilet.

●Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors.

●Improve lighting in your home.

●Wear shoes both inside and outside the house; avoid going barefoot or wearing slippers.

— Centers for Disease Control and Prevention