An aerial and on-the-ground look at the Florida Keys after Hurricane Irma. (Matt McClain/The Washington Post)

The Conch Republic is still here, if dark, dirty, trashed, and weeks away from being what it was before Hurricane Irma blew in. It wasn’t devastated because, for some reason, this massive storm punched below its weight.

This was a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson wind scale as it rolled into the Keys. It brought a fair bit of destruction, and tossed boats onto lawns. It turned towns raggedy. But a tour of Southwest Florida and the Florida Keys on Monday afternoon by air suggests that this quirky storm spared the state the kind of direct, punishing violence that residents had dreaded.

A Coast Guard C-130 transport plane carrying two U.S. senators, a congressman and a handful of journalists left from the Coast Guard air station in Opa-Locka, just north of Miami, for the two-hour tour of hurricane damage.

At 2,000 feet, the journey offered no chance for a granular diagnosis, but the big picture was clear: Southwest Florida and its huge population of retirees emerged relatively unscathed. The storm severely battered some of the small and fragile Keys. Key West itself is generally intact, though without power, a water supply and a functional sewage system.

The first part of the flight took the plane across the stippled landscape of the Everglades, where there is nothing man-made to blow over and flood is the natural order of things. Then the boomtown retirement community of Fort Myers came into view. Then Captiva and Sanibel, the barrier islands.

All looked generally fine, although some neighborhoods clearly still had standing, brown water covering the streets. Coast Guard Adm. Peter Brown pointed toward a golf course that had been badly flooded — too many water hazards for the golfers at this point.

The Gulf of Mexico looked like churning mud water. Inland canals and waterways were oddly dark, bordering on inky.

But overall, it wasn’t a scene of destruction.

“This is the result of the new building codes, which is a lesson we learned from Hurricane Andrew,” said the senior U.S. senator from Florida, Bill Nelson (D). He noted that there was a smattering of cars driving on unflooded streets far below. Many palm trees had been stripped of their fronds, as if given military haircuts.

Asked what Florida, with its explosive population growth, can do to be prepared for the next hurricane, Nelson said, “Don’t weaken the building codes.”

He was flanked by Sen. Marco Rubio (R) and Rep. Carlos Curbelo (R), who represents the Keys. Curbelo said that so far there has been bipartisan support in Congress for storm relief for Texas and Florida after Hurricanes Harvey and Irma. “So far, so good,” he said.

But Nelson, referring to emergency funding, said that “$15 billion for Texas and Florida will only get us to mid-October.” Rubio said local governments are going to be strained and will need assistance.


A beached boat in the Florida Keys. (Matt McClain/The Washington Post)

Rubio said that he thought the decision by Gov. Rick Scott (R) to order millions of people to evacuate South Florida well in advance of Irma’s landfall was the right one. He brushed off any suggestion that officials had been overly alarmist in describing Irma.

“You can’t wait until two hours before it hits to tell people to move,” Rubio said. “I don’t know how else to talk about a Category 4 hurricane that’s about to hit multiple metropolitan areas.”

The plane flew across the murky waters of Florida Bay, and Marathon Key came into view. It showed more property damage. The plane turned to the Lower Keys, and now the scene was more like what you’d expect from a hurricane: Houses exploded, debris everywhere, boats tossed around, mobile homes on their sides.


Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) on a Coast Guard aircraft during a tour of the aftermath of Hurricane Irma on Monday. (Matt McClain/The Washington Post)

The plane set down on Boca Chica, at the naval air station. A tour of military facilities on and around Key West by 14-seat van commenced, with Navy Capt. Bobby Baker at the wheel and Coast Guard Capt. Jeffrey Jans­zen sitting in back and narrating.

When Janszen pointed out boats that had flopped like fish onto the back lawns of officers’ homes in Key West, Rubio said: “Finder’s keepers!”

Much of the military housing is old-fashioned concrete-block construction that did well with four feet of storm surge. New metal roofs, an upgrade, protected the buildings from Irma’s winds. Damage appears primarily superficial.

Janszen rode out the storm in Key West, at the Marriott Beachfront. He said all his people have been accounted for. In town, about 4,000 of Key West’s citizens stayed in town despite a mandatory evacuation order.


The aftermath of Hurricane Irma is seen from the air on Sept. 11, 2017 over the Florida Keys. (Matt McClain/The Washington Post)

“Conchs are stubborn people. Many have never left the Keys for years,” said Nicole Rapanos, a staffer for Curbelo. “They know it takes forever to get back in.”

And there is no getting back in yet. Roadblocks have been set up to prevent vehicle traffic from the mainland onto the Overseas Highway. Word spread late Monday that the road would be opened early Tuesday for residents and business owners.

There are 42 bridges between Key Largo and Key West, Janszen said, and they need to be inspected. Conditions in the Lower Keys are raw and primitive without power, water, and fuel supplies. The port is closed pending an assessment of the shipping channel, including a search for sunken objects.

“It’s just uninhabitable right now,” Janszen said. “It’s going to take months.”

The tour ended amid fading light as the van raced back to the airfield to beat the darkness, barely, for the return to Miami.

And what a sunset, by the way. Still undamaged.