The mining and burning of coal was deemed far more destructive to human health than generating power from nuclear plants in a 2007 study, which attempted to measure deaths and serious illnesses attributable to various methods of generating electrical power in Europe. The methods of measuring and accounting for illnesses have been debated and disputed.

Sources: “Electricity Generation and Health,” by Anil Markandya and Paul Wilkinson in the Lancet; CO2 emissions data from the International Atomic Energy Agency; Britannica; Department of Energy | Bonnie Berkowitz and Patterson Clark - The Washington Post April 2, 2011
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