Some of the reasons for the expansion are a decline in public funding of education around the world, leaving space for private concerns to move in; the growing number of adult learners; and the increasing importance of education in knowledge-based economies. And in the United States, the education policies of former president George W. Bush, and now President Obama, have spurred a trend toward privatization of public education. For more than a decade now, market forces have been driving school reform. Are schools any better? The real question is how much worse have they become.