A recent report by the U.S. Census Bureau said that 74 percent of all people who hold bachelor’s degrees in the four STEM subjects — science, technology, engineering and math — don’t have jobs in what are considered to be STEM occupations. So with a big national push to get young people to move into STEMS jobs, the question is: What is a STEM occupation?

Here is an official list of occupations considered to be part of the STEM world, from the Census Bureau:


Architectural and engineering managers

Computer and information systems managers

Natural sciences managers

Computer and mathematics


Computer and information research scientists

Computer network architects

Computer network support specialists

Computer programmers

Computer systems analysts

Computer user support specialists

Database administrators

Information security analysts

Mathematical technicians


Network and computer systems administrators

Operations research analysts

Software developers, applications

Software developers, systems software


Web developers

Computer occupations, all other

Mathematical science occupations, all other

Architecture and engineering

Aerospace engineering and operations technicians

Aerospace engineers

Agricultural engineers

Architectural and civil drafters

Biomedical engineers

Chemical engineers

Civil engineering technicians

Civil engineers

Computer hardware engineers

Electrical and electronics drafters

Electrical and electronics engineering technicians

Electrical engineers

Electro-mechanical technicians

Electronics engineers, except computer

Environmental engineering technicians

Environmental engineers

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

Industrial engineering technicians

Industrial engineers

Marine engineers and naval architects

Materials engineers

Mechanical drafters

Mechanical engineering technicians

Mechanical engineers

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

Nuclear engineers

Petroleum engineers

Surveying and mapping technicians

Drafters, all other

Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other

Engineers, all other

Life, physical, and social sciences

Agricultural and food science technicians

Animal scientists


Atmospheric and space scientists

Biochemists and biophysicists

Biological technicians

Chemical technicians


Conservation scientists

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health


Food scientists and technologist

Forensic science technicians

Forest and conservation technicians


Geological and petroleum technicians

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers


Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

Materials scientists

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists


Nuclear technicians


Soil and plant scientists

Zoologists and wildlife biologists

Biological scientists, all other

Life scientists, all other

Physical scientists, all other

Education, training, and library

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary

Architecture teachers, postsecondary

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary

Computer science teachers, postsecondary

Engineering teachers, postsecondary

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

Physics teachers, postsecondary

Sales and related

Sales engineers

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products