Reporter

Termite and ant infestation in media centers at a Mecklenburg County school. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

Teachers in a number of states who have gone out on strike this year have been asking for more than overdue raises. They have also been seeking more funding for their schools, many of which are underfunded and poorly resourced. But just how bad are things in some schools?

Really bad, teachers say. In this post, North Carolina teacher Justin Parmenter describes why educators in his state are fed up and planning a May 16 Rally for Respect, and there are pictures by teachers from around the state to help illustrate the problems. The rally is expected to draw so many teachers that Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Superintendent Clayton Wilcox has decided to close schools on that day.

North Carolina teachers could follow colleagues in West Virginia, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Arizona and other places who have this year struck for better pay and more education funding.

A report from the nonprofit Center on Budget and Policy Priorities found that in 2015, the latest year for which there is available data, 29 states were still providing less total school funding per student than they were in 2008. North Carolina is one of seven states that have seen the biggest cuts in general school funding.

Parmenter teaches seventh-grade language arts at Waddell Language Academy in Charlotte. An educator for more than 20 years, he started his teaching career “believing that I was going to transform every child,” just as many first-year teachers do when they are placed in schools with high-needs populations. He says he quickly learned how complex teaching is.

Parmenter is a fellow with Hope Street Group’s North Carolina Teacher Voice Network. He started his career as a Peace Corps volunteer in Albania and taught in Istanbul. He was a finalist for Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Teacher of the Year in 2016, and you can find him on Twitter here.

This post first appeared on Parmenter’s blog, Notes from the Chalkboard, and he gave me permission to publish it.

By Justin Parmenter

Classes with so many children that some have to sit on the floor. Other classes taking place in closets. Blind students who can’t get books in Braille. History textbooks that have George Bush as president. Kindergarten classes with 30 students and no assistant. Teachers forced to stop class to attend to special medical needs because there’s no nurse on duty.

Welcome to public school in North Carolina.

Thousands of teachers from all over the state who are fed up with these conditions have begun to connect with each other via social media. The connections have helped mitigate our feeling of isolation, develop a crucial sense of community and build collective strength. Just as importantly, they have allowed us to share information about the common challenges we face.

As the number of teachers taking personal days to come to Raleigh for the 5/16 Rally for Respect passes 10,000, efforts by some to discredit the uprising by characterizing teachers as money grubbers have intensified. Detractors point to pay increases of the past few years, ignoring the fact that average pay for N.C. teachers is still 16 percent below the national average, just as it was in FY 10-11 before Republicans took control of the General Assembly. They say teachers should be grateful for what they have and not abandon their students. However, the fact is, it’s not really about the paychecks.

Granted, North Carolina’s teachers would love to be able to quit their second and third jobs and spend more time with our families. We’d love to see our principals compensated fairly instead of facing $20,000 pay cuts because of standardized test scores.

But it’s important for the public to remember that we didn’t get into education for the money. We teach because we love North Carolina’s children, and we want to see them succeed. Unfortunately, our General Assembly’s misplaced priorities not only create difficult working conditions for our teachers, they create unacceptable learning conditions for students that have lasting impacts on student behavior and achievement. Those misplaced priorities include lowering North Carolina’s corporate tax rate to the lowest in the country and giving up $3.5 billion in potential revenue each year.

In case the “teachers are just in it for the money” argument isn’t ludicrous enough on its face, allow me to explain some of the non-paycheck-related reasons teachers are coming to Raleigh on May 16.

Class sizes:

Since school year 2008-09, North Carolina’s population has increased more than 10 percent. Over the same period, we’ve lost nearly 7,500 teacher assistants because of state budget cuts, and we now have fewer teachers per student. The enormous class sizes teachers face are crippling their ability to differentiate, manage behavior and provide quality instruction to children. Take a look at these shocking numbers from around the state:

  • 30 kindergarten students in a library class with no assistant (Mecklenburg)
  • 31 high school students in Honors Chemistry. The teacher reports that “labs are terrifying.” (Cabarrus)
  • 37 fifth-graders in a trailer (Winston-Salem/Forsyth)
  • 37 eighth-grade math students in an Exceptional Children/Inclusion class (Cabarrus)
  • 38 10th-12th graders in AP German class, no planning period (Guilford)
  • 39 freshmen through seniors, Math 4 (Union)
  • 40 high school students in a trailer for Math 3, Title 1 (Mecklenburg)
  • 42 students in Math 2 (New Hanover)
  • 43, eighth graders in healthful living. Only have 40 desks, when all are present, one sits at teacher’s desk, the other two sit on the floor (Wake)
  • 44 students American History I (Onslow)
  • 45 kids in physical science. The majority of them have taken the class before, class includes many students with learning disabilities and students classified as seriously emotionally disabled. (Mecklenburg)

In order for effective teaching and learning to take place, teachers must be able to build meaningful relationships with their students. Apart from the obvious stress on teachers and risks to student safety, our current class sizes make it extremely difficult for teachers to give students the individual attention they deserve.

Reducing teacher/student ratios would improve our educational outcomes but would also require a major increase in education funding by state lawmakers. That’s one thing teachers will be demanding on May 16.

Student support services:

After the Parkland, Fla., shooting at a high school on Feb. 14, North Carolina lawmakers convened the House Select Committee on Safer Schools. The committee investigated support services’ role in student health. Unsurprisingly, they found that current staffing ratios did not adequately provide for students’ social and emotional needs.

Industry standards recommend ratios of 1:250 for school counselors. This school year, North Carolina’s students are supported by counselors at a ratio of 1:350.

It’s recommended that social workers be provided at a ratio of 1:400. Our ratio is 1:1,427.

The suggested ratio of psychologists per student is 1:700. This year our ratio is 1:1,857.

Nurses should be available at a ratio of 1:750, but we are at 1:2,315 — with many schools forced to have parent volunteers staff the nurse’s office rather than leave it empty.

One North Carolina teacher said she has a student with special medical needs. Because the school’s nurse is only on campus three days a week, the teacher has been trained to attend to those needs. She is concerned about liability and having to stop instruction on a regular basis, but she has no other alternative — the child needs help he can’t get elsewhere.

Teachers in Raleigh on May 16 will be demanding the General Assembly act on the House committee’s recommendation to increase the number of support services personnel. Our students’ academic success hinges on their social and emotional health, as does their safety. It’s time for us to stop cutting corners and do the right thing.

School supplies/textbooks:

Since 2008-09, the General Assembly has cut allotments for textbooks by 38 percent, technology by 45 percent, and school supplies by 54 percent (numbers are per student and adjusted for inflation).

Teachers are stuck teaching classes with outdated textbooks (or no textbooks), spending their own money on books, paper, and other supplies for their students, and begging parents and community members to make up the difference for what state lawmakers don’t provide. The number of projects funded by Donors Choose has skyrocketed in the past few years.

Consider these examples of how cutbacks have affected our students’ educational experience:

  • A history teacher in Guilford County has a textbook with Bush as president. Obama appears in the book once — as a senator. Her school rebinds books regularly because it is cheaper than purchasing new ones. The same outdated textbook is in use in many other districts as well.
  • A biology teacher in Iredell-Statesville has no biology textbooks and has to create all of her own materials to teach the class. Her earth science textbooks are the same edition from when she was a high school student 14 years ago. They are moldy and falling apart.
  • A teacher in Union County has 39 students in her eighth-grade AIG English 1 class. She has 10 copies of one of the required textbooks. This forces the students to do all work in that book either in shifts or as a group. She has just one copy of another required textbook. The only way to meet county requirements would be to make photocopies, which is illegal.
  • A district literacy specialist in Durham has had zero dollars for the past seven years to purchase books. She and her colleagues are reduced to asking for donations so their students will be able to read.
  • A teacher in an unnamed county has a student who is blind. Braille books cost $50 each, and the school receives a maximum of $300 per year to support this student. Since they don’t have the money to buy the books this student wants to read, they have been forced to purchase a Brailler so they can make their own books.

The difficulties noted are shocking, but they are not unusual. They represent the reality of what thousands of North Carolina students and teachers face every single day in our schools.

Our students are the future of North Carolina. They deserve to be provided with textbooks and novels. They deserve access to support services to ensure they are socially and emotionally healthy. They deserve class sizes that will enable them to get the attention they need to be successful. To provide those conditions, our General Assembly must make education priority No. 1 in our state. On May 16, thousands of teachers from all over North Carolina will be descending upon Raleigh to demand that state lawmakers do just that. We won’t be abandoning our students that day, we’ll be making a collective sacrifice to stand up for them.

Photo gallery:

Here are pictures taken by teachers around the state. The teachers asked that they or their schools not be identified to protect again retaliation from administrators. Each teacher who took the pictures gave The Answer Sheet permission to publish.


Door to music room in Winston-Salem/Forsyth County school. Work was in progress during the school year. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

The teacher in this Mecklenburg County trailer reports that last year it was infested with ants living inside its walls. She suffered regular ant bites while teaching, and her students had to kill the insects with their hands while trying to learn. Student lunchboxes could not be kept inside because they would be filled with ants by lunchtime. The teacher left the district because of these working conditions. The trailer is still in use and still infested with ants. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

In Wake County there are no textbooks for math grades K-8. Teachers are paid to create online lessons. The lessons are filled with mistakes, lack answer keys and don’t always align with standards. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

Outdated civics and economics textbooks in use in Wake County. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

Five iPads for 27 fifth grade students, New Hanover County Schools. Teacher is supposed to ensure the students are technologically proficient 21st-century learners. (Obtained by The Washington Post)

Extreme classroom temperatures make for terrible learning conditions. Durham school thermometer, Jan. 2, at left; Alamance-Burlington, May 3, at right (Obtained by The Washington Post)