When Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus announced Thursday that it would eliminate elephants from its performances, the news was celebrated by PETA and the Humane Society.
Sara Gruen’s popular historical novel “Water for Elephants” is set largely in the world of a circus. She notes that Feld Entertainment, which owns Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, said that its decision reflected customers’ attitudes. “I applaud Feld for recognizing this shift in values and for taking this step,” Gruen says, “as well for ensuring a secure retirement for these elephants — a luxury not afforded most animals employed by humans.”
Along with several animal rights groups, Karen Joy Fowler lamented that the elephants won’t be completely retired until 2018. “I only wish the decision was to be implemented immediately,” she said. “But I take it as a hopeful sign that this came about through consumer pressure. Animal abuse is no longer profitable. Ringling Brothers first, Sea World next.” Her most recent novel, “We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves,” which won the 2014 PEN/Faulkner Award, made a strong case against the use of chimps in medical and psychological experiments.
Jonathan Safran Foer, who published a nonfiction book about industrial farming called “Eating Animals” (2009), noted that the decision by Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus was most important for its symbolic value. “What happens in circuses in the course of a year is on a negligibly small scale compared to what is done on factory farms in any given minute of any given day,” he said, “but unlike farms, it’s visible. By ending its use of elephants, Ringling Brothers has made a profound and resonant statement. Today we are talking about a relatively small number of animals. It’s nice to think that the conversation could expand.” Progress in this area isn’t automatic, he notes: “Conscientiousness has no innate momentum, and needs a shove to get going.”
For Lydia Millet, who has written fiction and nonfiction about the treatment of animals, Thursday’s announcement was a tremendous relief. “When I heard the news on NPR,” she says, “it brought tears to my eyes. It’s been a tortuous legal battle for conservationists to stop the use and abuse of these great creatures by circuses in this country, and the decision to retire them from service is long overdue. Elephants are tormented by captivity — they’re highly intelligent and emotional animals that don’t deserve the lives they’ve led in shackles. Their liberation is a lovely moment for all the great beasts that have served at our pleasure for too long.”