Wednesday morning, prosecutors in Montgomery County, Pa., announced that they were charging Bill Cosby with felony aggravated indecent assault, stemming from accusations Andrea Constand first made in 2005 related to an alleged incident in 2004.
He was arraigned Wednesday afternoon and bail was set for $1 million.
This is the first and only time Cosby, 78, has been criminally charged with sexual assault, despite the fact that more than 50 women have come forward with accusations.
However, Cosby also faces civil litigation in a number of pending cases, mostly for defamation. Earlier this month, he filed a defamation countersuit against Tamara Green, Therese Serignese, Linda Traitz, Louisa Moritz, Barbara Bowman, Joan Tarshis and Angela Leslie, who are represented by attorney Joseph Cammarata. The seven women are suing Cosby in Massachusetts federal court for defamation, alleging that statements made by Cosby’s representatives have painted them as liars. Cosby tried, unsuccessfully, in October to have the suit against him thrown out of court. The judge in the case dismissed the request.
Here are all of the women who have lawsuits pending against Cosby stemming from incidents of alleged assault:
Bowman was an aspiring actress when she met Cosby in 1985 at a Denver nightclub at age 17. He became a mentor who flew Bowman to various locales around the country including Lake Tahoe, New York, and Hilton Head, South Carolina.
Bowman said Cosby drugged and raped her on multiple occasions; she wrote about this in The Washington Post in 2014.
In November, Bowman joined a defamation suit first filed by Green, Serignese and Traitz against Cosby.
“There’s no reason that any of the victims of this situation should have to live with a scarlet letter in their lives,” Bowman said in a conference call regarding the suit. “I am not a liar. I am a truth-teller.”
Dickinson first wrote about an encounter with Cosby in her 2002 memoir, “No Lifeguard on Duty: The Accidental Life of the World’s First Supermodel.” However, she did not reveal that she had allegedly been assaulted during that encounter until last year in an interview with “Entertainment Tonight.” She accused Cosby of taking advantage of the fact that she was an addict who had recently exited rehab.
Dickinson filed suit against Cosby in May for defamation, false light and intentional infliction of emotional distress, alleging that statements made by Cosby’s attorney in response to her claims were defamatory.
In a letter to the Associated Press last year, Martin Singer, Cosby’s former attorney, called the Dickinson’s allegations that Cosby drugged and raped her “false and outlandish.” In another statement, Singer called Dickinson’s accusations a “complete lie.” After Singer left Cosby’s defense team, Dickinson amended her defamation suit to include him, too.
Goins filed a civil suit against Cosby in October after coming forward with allegations that Cosby attempted to drug her at a Playboy party in 2008 when she was 18. She accused Cosby of spiking her drink, then leading her to a room where she believes he licked her and masturbated as she was incapacitated. Goins and her attorneys pursued criminal charges against Cosby, but the prosecutor in the case declined to charge Cosby because the statute of limitations had already lapsed.
Green was one of the original three women, including Serignese and Traitz, who filed a defamation suit against Cosby in Massachusetts federal court. She is alleging that statements made by Cosby’s lawyers and spokesmen have impugned her credibility.
Green told The Washington Post last year that she worked for Cosby in the early 1970s when the alleged incident occurred. She first went public with her story in 2005. Green told The Post in November 2014 that Cosby gave her pills he said were over-the-counter decongestants, and when she began to feel woozy, he drove her home, where he undressed her. Cosby penetrated her vagina with his fingers and fondled his penis in front of her, she said.
Last year, Huth filed suit against Cosby, marking the first time a woman attempted to pursue justice in civil court since Constand’s 2005 lawsuit. Huth said she was 16 years old in 1974 when Cosby allegedly assaulted her after inviting Huth and a friend to join him at a Southern California tennis club, where he gave them both beer. Huth alleged that he later invited them to the Playboy Mansion, and ordered them to say they were 19 if anyone asked their ages. Huth said in the lawsuit that Cosby molested her in a bedroom at the mansion.
Leslie, an actress and model, told the New York Daily News that in 1992 Cosby offered her an opportunity to audition for him in a hotel room in Las Vegas. She said of the alleged incident that he offered her a drink, which she could not finish, requested that she wet her hair, and that Cosby took her hand and fondled himself with it.
“I had not been raped,” Leslie told the “Today” show last November. “He didn’t physically hurt me. He took my hand and put it where it shouldn’t have been.”
She is suing for defamation.
Moritz gave an interview to TMZ last year and accused Cosby of forcing her into oral sex with him when he was a guest on the “Tonight Show” with Johnny Carson in 1971.
Moritz, an actress, says she was in the green room at NBC in New York waiting for her own appearance when Cosby knocked and entered.
“He took his hands and put them on the back of my head and forced his penis in my mouth, saying, ‘Have a taste of this. It will do you good in so many ways,'” Moritz told TMZ.
She is suing for defamation.
Tarshis alleged that Cosby raped and drugged her on two occasions in 1969, the first of which took place at his bungalow in Los Angeles. She said after he gave her a Bloody Mary topped with beer, which he called a “redeye,” Cosby assaulted her.
“The next thing I remember was coming to on his couch while being undressed,” Tarshis told Hollywood Elsewhere. “Through the haze I thought I was being clever when I told him I had an infection and he would catch it and his wife would know he had sex with someone. But he just found another orifice to use. I was sickened by what was happening to me and shocked that this man I had idolized was now raping me. Of course I told no one.”
Tarshis repeated the story on a special featuring other Cosby accusers that aired on A&E, and in an interview with CNN’s Don Lemon.
She told A&E that since she came forward, she had been attacked and called a liar, and spoke of one incident in particular in which two women spat at her because she spoke out about Cosby. Tarshsis is one of the seven accusers suing for defamation.
Traitz told the Post that in 1969 she worked at Cafe Figaro, a West Hollywood restaurant Cosby co-owned. He offered her a ride home, and they stopped at the beach, where Traitz said he “lunged” at her after she refused his offer to choose from a selection of pills housed in a briefcase.
Traitz alleged that Cosby grabbed at her in his car, that when she got out and ran down the beach, he gave chase, and that he offered to take her home after she tripped and tore her skirt. She also said he bought a new skirt for her.
She is suing for defamation.
Serignese is one of the seven women in the Massachusetts defamation suit. Last year, she accused Cosby of drugging and raping her in a Los Vegas bathroom after she met him in the gift shop of the Las Vegas Hilton in 1976. She said Cosby invited her to see his show, then offered her pills, which she took, and alleges he then assaulted her.
Serignese said Cosby later gave her money, which he sent through wire transfers from his agent at William Morris, Tom Illius.
Serignese told the Huffington Post Cosby drugged her multiple times.
“I would say he made me take drugs,” Serignese said. “I really don’t think that I ever had consensual sex with him, ever. It was an intimidation thing; it was a vulnerability. I put myself in the wrong place many times and then I paid the consequences.”