The Washington Post

How do you protect kids at school from violent tornadoes?

Plaza Towers Elementary School in Moore, Okla., is pictured from a National Guard helicopter during a tour of tornado damaged areas (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)

Numerous children were killed or injured by the tornado that obliterated Plaza Towers Elementary School in Moore, Okla. Details are still emerging about exactly how these casualties occurred, but the tragedy raises questions about what schools should do to protect their students during tornado situations.

In most circumstances, children will be safe in sturdy, interior rooms (away from windows) on the ground floor during a tornado – like hallways or bathrooms. But when the most violent tornadoes strike, rated EF4 or EF5 on the 0-5 Enhanced Fujita Scale – with winds up to 200 mph or even higher, no place above ground is safe.

Rob White, a meteorologist who runs The Original Weather Blog, was at a loss for an appropriate solution per comments on his Facebook page:

There is no easy answer. In some states, especially in the Deep South, they cancel school when a major severe weather day is forecast. I have mixed feelings about that too, because often times it means leaving kids in a mobile home or other undesirable structure during a tornado – in which case they would have a much better chance surviving at school. But like I said before, in an EF-4 or EF-5, you’re not safe unless you’re under ground. It’s that simple.

So what do we do, put underground shelters in schools in “tornado alley”? Or just keep rolling the dice.

It would be extraordinarily expensive to mandate schools build underground shelters large enough to house an entire school’s population in tornado-prone areas.

And White is right that if schools are closed, some students may be less safe at their homes should they be poorly constructed and/or lack underground shelter. But perhaps closing school is a less risky strategy since the students would be dispersed rather than all in one place.

Then, you have to consider the price of a missed day of school. While you could reasonably decide to close schools on those rare days each year when the National Weather Service determines there is an elevated tornado risk, most locations statistically will not get hit by life-threatening weather on those days.

I don’t pretend to have the answers to this question. It’s a challenging risk management problem. But it’s a topic worthy of discussion and I welcome your thoughts.

Update: The NY Times’ Andrew Revkin has some insights on schools, tornadoes and building standards in his post: A Survival Plan for America’s Tornado Danger Zone

Jason is the Washington Post’s weather editor and Capital Weather Gang's chief meteorologist. He earned a master's degree in atmospheric science, and spent 10 years as a climate change science analyst for the U.S. government. He holds the Digital Seal of Approval from the National Weather Association.
Show Comments
Most Read

At a Glance


-- /55°


44° /61°


47° /64°


50° /58°
Drop 30%


43° /52°
Drop 50%


43° /51°
Drop 40%
National Airport

Right Now

Washington, D.C., Snow Tracker

Current Snow Total
Record Most Snow
Record Least Snow
(1997-98, 1972-73)
Last Winter's Snow Total

D.C. Area Almanac

Avg. High
Avg. Low
Rec. High
Rec. Low
Next Story
Jason Samenow · May 21, 2013

To keep reading, please enter your email address.

You’ll also receive from The Washington Post:
  • A free 6-week digital subscription
  • Our daily newsletter in your inbox

Please enter a valid email address

I have read and agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Please indicate agreement.

Thank you.

Check your inbox. We’ve sent an email explaining how to set up an account and activate your free digital subscription.