New video from Hawaii shows molten lava pouring from Kilauea last week. It will become new land as is spreads and cools.
Kilauea is Hawaii’s most active volcano, and it’s been on “slow simmer” for decades. Volcano tourism began on the island in the mid-1800s and continues into the 21st century because of spectacular views like this one; not a periodic, massive explosion, but a river of 2,000-degree molten rock gushing from Earth’s mantle.
In fact, the translation of the Hawaiian term “kilauea” is “much spreading.”
This is close-up video of a fissure eruption, where magma pushes to the surface along thin cracks in Earth’s crust. The East Rift Zone of Kilauea, which runs from the main volcano crater to the ocean at Cape Kumukahi and beyond to a depth of 16,000 feet. The land along the rift zone is made of lava that has erupted over the past 400 years.