We usually don’t get to see the moon in the imagery used for weather analysis. It’s often cut out of the frame, which makes data processing easier. But if you’re getting the image straight from the source, you can see everything the satellite sees, including the moon.
For reference, the satellite is about 26,200 miles above the surface of the Earth. The distance to the moon is 11 times that.
Here’s what the full image looks like. Himawari-8 captures an entire hemisphere approximately every 10 minutes. This scan was captured Sunday.
h/t Simon Proud