Satellite view of Tropical Cyclone Mekunu near the Arabian Peninsula, expected to hit Oman later this week. (Joint Typhoon Warning Center)

(This article, originally published Tuesday afternoon, was updated Wednesday morning.)

In less than a week’s time, two tropical cyclones will have battered the Middle East in highly unusual locations.

Tropical cyclone Sagar slammed into northwestern Somalia over the weekend, after forming in the Gulf of Aden, killing at least 31 people in the region. The storm made landfall farther west in the North Indian Ocean basin than any previous storm on record.

Now, a second cyclone named Mekunu has spun up just to the east, due south of the Arabian Peninsula. Packing peak winds of nearly 70 mph, it is eyeing Oman’s southern coast, where it may make landfall at hurricane-strength late this week. It is now classified as a severe cyclonic storm.


Track forecast for tropical cyclone Mekunu. (Joint Typhoon Warning Center)

The Joint Typhoon Warning Center says the cyclone is over very warm waters, between about 87 and 90 degrees. “Favorable environmental conditions will allow for the tropical cyclone to intensify,” the center wrote in its latest update.

The center forecasts the storm to make landfall just west of Salalah along Oman’s southwest coast between Friday and Saturday, with maximum sustained winds of nearly 100 mph – equivalent to a Category 2 hurricane. Salalah is Oman’s second-largest city with a population of about 200,000. Assuming the storm remains on its current track, the area can expect torrential rain, damaging winds and dangerously high seas. Areas in southeast Yemen could also experience serious effects from the storm.

Brian McNoldy, Capital Weather Gang’s tropical weather expert, said that since 1980, only three “hurricane-strength” storms have made landfall within 100 miles of the Oman-Yemen coast, and none near Salalah.


Tropical cyclones passing within 100 miles of Oman and Yemen since 1980. (National Hurricane Center, adapted by Brian McNoldy)

The sinking air on the storm’s east side may be intensifying a heat wave in Pakistan and northern India, according to Ryan Maue, a meteorologist at Weather.us. The heat wave has led to 65 deaths in Karachi as temperatures exceeding 110 degrees bake the city.

While Oman braces for this storm, Somalia is in recovery mode in the wake of tropical cyclone Sagar. After Sagar struck Saturday with 60 mph winds, Weather.com described it as the strongest tropical storm to ever hit the country.

A year’s worth of rain fell in a few days, leading to flash flooding that reportedly displaced tens of thousands of people. “Initial reports also indicate the loss of a large number of livestock with at least 700 farms destroyed,” writes ReliefWeb.


Image from NASA’s Terra satellite of tropical cyclone Sagar spinning up in the Gulf of Aden on May 19. Sagar made landfall in northwestern Somalia. (NASA)