Muddy brown floodwaters in Spring Creek flow beneath the Skyrush roller coaster, painted yellow, and the Comet roller coaster at Hershey Park in Hershey, Pa. The park closed  Monday and Wednesday this week. (The Wyse Choice/Associated Press)

It was a dry start to July across much of the Eastern United States, then the pattern flipped just after the midway point of the month. In recent days, waves of rain, often torrential, have drenched the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast. Pennsylvania has been hit particularly hard by this rain as well as the subsequent flooding.

As many as eight to 10 inches of rain have been recorded across parts of Pennsylvania and into northern Maryland over the past week. Places that saw a desertlike start to the month are now surpassing July rainfall records and even all-time monthly tallies.


Precipitation over the past seven days ending midday July 25. (NWS/AHPS)

With the worst of the rain focused on the central and east-central parts of Pennsylvania, State College and Williamsport are among locations that have set July rainfall records. So has Baltimore to the south. There are and will be others.


Precipitation forecast for the next three days, much of which falls today. (NWS)

When you get this much rain in such a short amount of time, the ground becomes saturated, and any additional rain readily runs off. Then we see creeks and rivers rise.

The NWS Middle Atlantic River Forecast Center (MARFC) is  monitoring flooding or near-flooding rivers and tributaries from the New York/Pennsylvania border to Southeastern Virginia. In addition to much of east-central Pennsylvania being under a generalized flood warning through Wednesday evening, minor to major river flooding is ongoing at about two dozen gauges across the state and into parts of neighboring states.


Midday briefing from the Middle Atlantic River Forecast Center. (NWS)

The rising Susquehanna River in Harrisburg is forecast to crest two feet above flood stage Friday morning.

Of most short-term urgency, MARFC is warning of major flooding on Swatara Creek near Hershey, Pa.

The famed Hershey Park, roughly an hour and a half drive north of Baltimore, was closed Wednesday for the second time this week. A disaster was declared in Derry Township, where evacuations of some residents have been ongoing, with flooding also reported in parts of the park  Monday. The Knoebels Amusement Resort, about an hour farther north in Elysburg, is also closed because of flooding.

Numerous roads across the region are also closed because of high water.

The threat continues.

A “high risk” of excessive rainfall that could cause flooding is ongoing Wednesday for portions of Pennsylvania. This is the most severe level, and it is an indication of major flooding either ongoing, imminent or both. A “moderate risk” extends into northern Maryland, and much of the D.C. region is at “slight risk.” These areas are likely to also experience more flooding but, perhaps, on a more localized scale.

The Weather Prediction Center issues these flood outlooks, and they are monitoring an increasing rainfall threat in the region for the rest of today.

Early Wednesday afternoon, it wrote, “Increasing coverage of thunderstorms with 1-2 in/hr rain rates is expected across portions of the northern Mid-Atlantic/central Appalachians into upstate NY through the afternoon with localized maxima of 2-4 inches through [mid-evening].”

NWS State College, Pa., handles much of the area dealing with the worst of the flooding.

Thinking of the rain still to come, Wednesday morning, it wrote that some models show “amounts of 3+ inches later today over the eastern half of the forecast area.” Further, “The heavy rain of recent days have left most of the region very susceptible to flooding, with 1 hour flash flood values of only around a half inch.”

At this point, any rain is too much rain. Even if no more falls, and it will, many rivers and creeks would continue to rise through at least late this week. Additional flooding problems remain likely even once the rain from this series of storms ends.