Chermoshanskaya, however, maintained to the IOC that she ingested the substances unknowingly after doctors prescribed for her drugs to aid the healing of an injury, according to IOC documents.
“She … submitted her concerns about recent statements made by [Grigory] Rodchenkov, which made her question the medication provided to her at the time,” the IOC’s documentation said. [Chermoshanskaya] argued that she had always believed in fair sport” and “that none of [her samples leading up to the 2008 Games] indicated anything wrong.”
After investigations showed Russian government officials were likely complicit in drug cheating, however, the IOC re-analyzed stored samples from previous games using enhanced detection techniques. Including Chermoshanskaya, 98 athletes have been caught under the enhanced screening, the Associated Press reports.
Chermoshanskaya’s positive test means her teammates Yulia Gushchina, Alexandra Fedoriva and Evgeniya Polyakova will also lose their gold medals in the relay event.
Belgium will now be listed as the gold medal winner, with Nigeria winning silver and Brazil now winning bronze.
Chermoshanskaya’s name will also be scratched from the 200-meter race in which she finished eighth at the Beijing Olympics.
The ongoing scandal has bled into the Rio Olympics, where only one of Russia’s 68-member track and field delegation has been cleared to compete. Long jumper Darya Klishina, who has lived and trained abroad for the past three years, won her appeal sent to the Court of Arbitration for Sport this week and will participate in the long-jump final Wednesday night at 8:15 p.m. ET.