(Reuters/Jim Lo Scalzo/Pool, Gary Cameron)

“I greatly appreciate you informing me, on three separate occasions, that I am not under investigation.”
— President Trump, in a letter to James Comey telling him he was fired, May 9, 2017

This was an unusual aside in President Trump’s letter to FBI Director James B. Comey telling him he was fired. It raised a number of questions: When did this happen? Who raised the question? And would this type of conversation have been appropriate?

The extent of the FBI’s investigation into possible Russian interference in the presidential election is not known, but the agency is said to be looking at the activities of people who were associated with the Trump campaign. Would the FBI director actually tell someone they were not a target of such investigation before all of the facts had been gathered?

Trump is not necessarily a reliable source for private conversations. He claimed that Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (D-Md.) had told him privately that “you will go down as one of the great presidents in the history of our country.” But Cummings insisted that he had been misquoted. He said that what he actually told Trump was “he could be a great president if … if … he takes steps to truly represent all Americans rather than continuing on the divisive and harmful path he is currently on.”

You will notice there is a Pinocchio-wide difference between those two statements.

Indeed, The Washington Post reported: “People familiar with the matter said that [Trumps’s Comey] statement is not accurate, although they would not say how it was inaccurate.” The Wall Street Journal quoted an unnamed associate of Comey as saying “that is literally farcical.”

But Trump told NBC News on May 11 that Comey told him three times he wasn’t under investigation, once in a phone call initiated by the president. He said the conversations took place once over dinner, and twice in phone calls. “I said, ‘If it’s possible would you let me know am I under investigation?’ He said ‘You are not under investigation’.’’

The turmoil surrounding former FBI Director James Comey and President Trump started long before Comey was fired on May 9. Here are the pivotal moments from Comey's time as head of the agency, including his private meetings with the president. (Jenny Starrs,Julio Negron/The Washington Post)

At a White House news briefing on May 10, spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said there were no concerns that the conversations were inappropriate.

Comey has not commented, but The Fact Checker contacted former attorneys general and FBI directors about whether this was an appropriate conversation. We have two comments so far and will update as we receive more answers.

Alberto Gonzales, attorney general, 2005-2007 (George W. Bush)

“I don’t know if it in fact happened. It’s hard for me to think of a situation where it might be appropriate,” Gonzales said. He said that, if asked by the president about such a probe, the best response would be: “I can’t answer that question and it would be wise for us to not have this discussion.” He said that because the investigation had not been completed, “how would he [Comey] know where he would end up with the investigation?”

William P. Barr, attorney general, 1991-1993 (George H.W. Bush)

“The President is the chief law enforcement officer and it is perfectly appropriate for the Attorney General to discuss cases with the President that don’t touch on the President himself,” Barr said. “For example, I discussed the Pan Am 103 case with the President.” But he added: “I don’t know the scope or current thrust of the Russian investigation. Comey would know.”

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"I greatly appreciate you informing me, on three separate occasions, that I am not under investigation."
in a letter
Tuesday, May 9, 2017