As the salmon die by the millions, it’s causing a supply-and-demand ripple effect that’s reaching deep into American wallets.
In the near future, it only promises to get worse. And the dying fish and rising prices could fan the debate about whether growing salmon in giant ocean farms is sustainable.
For fans of salmon nigiri or frozen fillets plucked from supermarket freezers for quick, heart-healthy protein, expect salmon portions to shrink — and prices to grow, experts say.
For salmon lovers, it could not have happened at a worse time. Diners have gravitated to the health benefits of the fish, and supermarkets have capitalized by producing cheap fillets. Consumption has grown by 12 percent since 2002 and shows no signs of abating.
Salmon farms, which have raised safety standards, can fill that growing salmon craving — and keep prices down. The problem is, sea lice love chomping on salmon too.
In late 2016, an attack of sea lice took out 6 percent of the population in Norway, the world’s leading salmon producer, the Financial Times reported.
Salmon grown in large farms like Norway’s are especially susceptible to sea lice, which are an increasing menace to anyone trying to make a living farming fish.
And because sea lice can survive up to three weeks without being attached to a host, they’re also a threat to wild salmon populations.
“When the industry was new, salmon farms were accused of polluting the oceans, spreading sea lice, fostering disease, allowing escapees and depleting the stocks of forage fish, up to seven pounds of which went into each pound of farmed Atlantic salmon,” Haspel wrote in the 2013 piece. “All of those accusations were true in some locales, and some were true in all.”
Seeing the concerns as a threat to the industry, fish farmers beefed up their standards, especially when it came to using chemicals to kill parasites like sea lice. Slowly, fish farming gained acceptance.
But the sea lice weren’t done, Haspel wrote: “A bigger problem is that the sea lice, which can be fatal to salmon, are beginning to show resistance.”
Salmon to the south are dealing with their own problems.
A bloom of toxic algae — likely caused by warmer-than-normal sea temperatures — affected 38 salmon farms in Chile’s main growing region, killing 23.8 million fish, enough to fill 14 swimming pools, the Financial Times reported.
That’s a roughly 25 percent decrease in salmon production in Chile, which ships most of its salmon north to the United States.
So maybe it’s time to cultivate a taste for cod or haddock?
“We’re expecting the price to remain high for the rest of this year, simply because of the time it takes for young fish to grow to the size that chefs want,” Rachel Dobson told the Financial Times. Dobson is managing director of Lynx Purchasing, a British catering and food service buying specialist.