“The Drake equation, created in 1961, is an assumption of our chances of finding extraterrestrial life from other star systems. Astrophysicists use this equation, and the highly sensitive radio telescopes, to search the edge of the universe looking for signs of life. The equation encapsulates all of the variables relevant to establishing the number of intelligent civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy which may be broadcasting radio signals at a particular time.”
In the 1950s, the U.S. government created a “National Radio Quiet Zone” to protect radio telescopes from interference by electromagnetic radio waves. The telescopes, located in West Virginia, are used for both scientific and military purposes. The zone encompasses an area of about 13,000 square miles. But the restrictions are strongest in Green Bank, W.Va., where the world’s largest steerable radio telescope resides at the Green Bank Observatory. Scientists from around the globe use the telescope to explore the universe, searching for signs of extraterrestrial life.
The restrictions mean the area does not have widespread WiFi or cellphone access. People use landlines to communicate. While this would be a problem for many of us at a time when everything seems to be connected by electronics, there are people who welcome it. Those who believe they suffer from “electromagnetic hypersensitivity,” (some even claiming to be allergic to WiFi, for example) have relocated to the zone, and it has become a haven for them.
The zone is a fascinating place, and the work of Phelps and Kranzler introduces us to it. Journalist Alard von Kittlitz, who worked alongside the photographers, says in the book, “I think that while the work you are holding in your hands is about many things, about time and science and technology and nature, at least to me it is essentially a work about America.” Here are some of the photos from the book.
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