You’ve used Google Street View to check out a new apartment, map traffic before you hit the road and search for haunting slices of the everyday world.
Now, the comprehensive terrestrial mapping system has gone extraterrestrial, allowing users to peer inside the International Space Station from their computer 248 miles below with 360-degree, panoramic views.
The Street View imagery was captured by Thomas Pesquet, an astronaut with the European Space Agency, who spent six months aboard the ISS before returning to earth in June.
Google Street View, which is featured in Google Maps and Google World, was launched in 2007 and quickly expanded locations around the globe, including places as remote as Mount Everest base camp and as offbeat as Scotland’s Loch Ness. The vast majority of Street View’s photography is shot by a vehicle, whose movement is available to fans online.
Google’s foray into space is the first time Street View imagery was captured beyond planet Earth.
In a blog post about his experience, Pesquet wrote that “it was difficult to find the words or take a picture that accurately describes the feeling of being in space.”
“Working with Google on my latest mission, I captured Street View imagery to show what the ISS looks like from the inside, and share what it’s like to look down on Earth from space,” he added.
The virtual tour allows users to peek into areas where astronauts eat, exercise, work and even bathe.
Pesquet’s imagery reveal an environment that may look a bit cramped and chaotic — if not altogether dizzying — to humans anchored on earth, but some of the scenes from inside the ISS are downright mesmerizing.
The images were captured using DSLR cameras and then “stitched together” back on earth to create panoramic views.
Pesquet noted that the ISS is a “busy place” with six crew members working and researching 12 hours a day.
“There are a lot of obstacles up there, and we had limited time to capture the imagery, so we had to be confident that our approach would work. Oh, and there’s that whole zero gravity thing,” he wrote.
Floating through the ISS online, you’ll notice clickable dots with detailed descriptions of the space and its objects to help viewers understand what they’re looking at. Pesquet noted that this is the first time annotations — “helpful little notes that pop up as you explore the ISS” — have been added to Street View imagery.
The ISS is a “large spacecraft” that orbits around Earth at more than 17,500 miles per hour and is home for astronauts from around the world, according to NASA. The ISS is made up of many pieces that were constructed by astronauts beginning in 1998. By 2000, as more pieces of the station were added, the station was ready for people, according to NASA. Portions of the station are connected via modules known as “nodes,” according to NASA.
“The first crew arrived on November 2, 2000,” NASA wrote. “People have lived on the space station ever since. Over time more pieces have been added. NASA and its partners around the world finished the space station in 2011.”
NASA compares the inside of the station to the inside of a house, noting that the structure — which weighs almost one million pounds and covers an area the side of a football field — has five bedrooms, two bathrooms, a gymnasium and a big bay window.
The station houses labs from the United States, Russia, Japan and Europe.
“We can collect data on the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and land surface,” Pesquet wrote. “We can conduct experiments and studies that we wouldn’t be able to do from Earth, like monitoring how the human body reacts to microgravity, solving mysteries of the immune system, studying cyclones to alert populations and governments when a storm is approaching, or monitoring marine litter — the rapidly increasing amount waste found in our oceans.”
Several times a week, Mission Control at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston determines where Earthlings can spot the station from the ground below from thousands of locations all over the globe. To find out the best time to see the station from your town, click here.