Eleven years after discovering a secret tunnel beneath the ancient city Teotihuacan in Mexico, researchers have uncovered thousands of ritual objects at the feet of what may be a royal tomb.
Guarded by the remains of hundreds of sacrificial bodies, the tunnel entrance remained hidden until researchers from Mexico’s National University located it with radar beneath one of Mexico’s most-visited historic sites in 2003.
They spent years planning the exploration and raising funds before finally reaching the tunnel entrance in 2010.
The tunnel appeared to have been closed on purpose by the city’s inhabitants. Its entrance, more than 40 feet below ground, was covered with rocks.
The tunnel, hundreds of feet long, follows a route of symbols leading to several sealed funeral chambers that may hold the bodies of ancient rulers.
Archaeologists first explored the tunnels, choked with mud and rubble, using a three-foot robot equipped with mechanical arms and a video camera. They then methodically catalogued every bone, seed and shard of pottery as they made their way to the crypts at the end.
“For a long time local and foreign archaeologists have attempted to locate the graves of the rulers of the ancient city, but the search has been fruitless,” archaeologist Sergio Gomez of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History said in 2010 press release.
Meanwhile, his team’s excavation of the tunnel suggested they were on the brink of uncovering the long-lost tombs.
“If confirmed, it will be one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 21st century on a global scale,” he told the Associated Press in 2011.
Discoveries include finely carved stone sculptures, jewelry and shells along with obsidian blades and arrowheads.
They found offerings laid before the entrance of three chambers at the end of the tunnel suggesting these are the tombs of the elite.
So far Gomez’s team has excavated two feet into the chambers. The exploration will continue next year.
Discovery of tombs may unlock long held mysteries of a civilization that left no written records of its existence, including how it was governed and whether leadership was hereditary.
“Due to the magnitude of the offerings that we’ve found, it can’t be in any other place,” Gomez said Wednesday. “We’ve been able to confirm all of the hypotheses we’ve made from the beginning.”
At its peak in the middle of the first century, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the Americas with an estimated 200,000 inhabitants.
The Aztecs, who arrived centuries after Teotihuacan had fallen, gave the city its name, which means “birthplace of the gods” in English.