Here's what we know about the man who told Al Jazeera he gave performance enhancing drugs to Peyton Manning, Ryan Zimmerman, and other pro athletes. (Gillian Brockell/The Washington Post)


At 6-foot-4, he walked with the swagger of a successful high school athlete — even if his pale, fleshy physique no longer looked much like a figurine atop a trophy. He spoke confidently of the minutiae of sports doping, including NFL-banned hormone Delta-2 (or D-2), HGH, Adderall, Dexedrine, Toradol, Ipamorelin and how long it takes testosterone to leave the human body.

And, unknowingly part of Al Jazeera America’s controversial investigation of performance-enhancing drugs, a man the network identified as “doctor of pharmacy” Charlie Sly wasn’t shy about sharing his knowledge — and pushing his products.

“I can give you something to use right now,” Sly told Liam Collins, reportedly pushing steroids on the British hurdler Al Jazeera had go undercover. “… There’s a bunch of football players who take this. And a bunch of baseball players who take it, too.”

Sly — if his recorded statements accurately convey his views, perhaps the least discreet advocate of performance-enhancing drugs ever — also opened up about his alleged clients.

On Dustin Keller, formerly of the Miami Dolphins: “We just used Delta-2 because it wasn’t detectable.”

On Ryan Howard of the Philadelphia Phillies: “He knows to take stuff twice a day. … I think [he saw] maybe more explosiveness [with D-2].”

On Ryan Zimmerman of the Washington Nationals: “I worked with him in the off-season … [He thinks D-2] does its job.”

On James Harrison of the Pittsburgh Steelers: “He’s a f—ing beast. … Yeah, he takes [D-2].”

On Mike Neal of the Green Bay Packers: “Last year, I went out to Green Bay for like six weeks. I set Mike’s stuff up, but then, like, he started bringing everybody. I’m not even joking. More than half the team started to come by.” Other clients, according to Sly: Green Bay’s Julius Peppers and Clay Matthews.

And, most startlingly, Sly alleged football icon Peyton Manning, currently of the Denver Broncos, took HGH prescribed to his wife: “Another time that I worked with Peyton, him and his wife would come in after hours and get IVs and s—,” Sly said.

In a story as explosive as this, recounting the denials, responses and non-responses takes a while. Manning, Howard, Zimmerman and Harrison denied Sly’s allegations.

An attorney for Howard and Zimmerman denied the claims in a statement to ABC Action News in Philadelphia. “It’s inexcusable and irresponsible that Al Jazeera would provide a platform and broadcast outright lies about Mr. Howard and Mr. Zimmerman,” the attorney, William Burck, said.

In a statement, the Green Bay Packers denied the allegations on behalf of its players. Peppers and Matthews were quoted at denying any connection to the drugs. “Peppers said he was a ‘little bit shocked’ to learn of the allegations and did not know anybody involved with Sly,” the site reported.

“ ‘It’s not true,’ Peppers said. ‘It’s completely erroneous, and I think it’s irresponsible journalism, in my opinion. I’m subject to the same steroid and drug-testing policy as everybody else. So I don’t understand how I could be linked to something like this,’ ” PackerNews reported.

Neal, who served a four-game suspension before the 2012 season for violating the NFL’s policy on performance-enhancing drugs, “neither confirmed nor denied allegations made against him, electing to not comment on the report directly,” according to PackerNews. “You might as well stop asking me questions,” Neal said.

Keller did not respond to Al Jazeera’s request for comment. The Lafayette Journal and Courier identified Sly as one of Keller’s “best high school friends” in 2008, who was present when Keller was drafted that year, and newspaper reports confirm they played basketball together in high school.

Peyton Manning in 2011. (AJ Mast/AP)

Meanwhile, Sly — a former unpaid intern at the Indianapolis-based Guyer Institute of Molecular Medicine, which treated Manning, as The Washington Post’s Barry Svrluga and Mark Maske reported — declared himself an unreliable narrator.

[NFL, MLB will investigate players named in Al Jazeera report]

“It has come to my attention that the broadcaster Al Jazeera has somehow obtained recordings or communications of me making statements concerning a number of athletes, and that Al Jazeera plans to air a program about them,” Sly said in a denial posted to YouTube. “Any recordings of me were made without my knowledge or consent. It is my belief that an individual named Liam Collins secretly made those recordings. Liam is a recruited fraudster who is banned in his native United Kingdom from running any investment businesses. The statements on any recordings or communications that Al Jazeera plans to air are absolutely false and incorrect.”

He added: “To be clear: I am recanting any such statements and there is no truth to any statement of mine that Al Jazeera plans to air. Under no circumstances should any of those statements, recordings or communications be aired.”

No one answered calls from The Post to numbers for Sly in public records; Indiana public records confirmed that he was a licensed pharmacy intern in the state from 2010 to 2013.

Charlie Sly’s expired pharmaceutical license. (

In an interview on Al Jazeera, one of the story’s investigative reporters, Deborah Davies, responded:

“We understand that MLB and NFL have apparently said they will investigate the allegations. We’re just waiting to find out what that might be. As you saw, Charlie Sly now says that anything he said to us wasn’t true. We contacted Charlie Sly at the beginning of December to put all the allegations to him by email, by letter and then with a phone message, and we didn’t hear anything from him until 48 hours ago. If you think one of the justifications for undercover filming is that you are filming someone where you have evidence of them wrongdoing, and they’re not going to talk to you openly, you have to say, Is he lying now? Was he lying during day upon day upon day of undercover filming? Because obviously the two don’t square.”

Here’s Davies’s interview:

As the players Sly allegedly treated — and Sly himself — took aim at the Al Jazeera report, the media began to dissect it, as well. No less an institution than the New York Times was ready to hear more.

“The shock is not that this fading star [Manning] is reported in an investigative documentary by Al Jazeera to have obtained human growth hormone,” Michael Powell wrote. “… Rather the shock would be to discover that more than a few men in this morally compromised sport are completely clean.”

The Huffington Post, which wrote a long story about the Al Jazeera report, was also keeping an open mind. As HuffPo’s Ryan Grim put it: “Radical idea: watch [the documentary] before commenting.”

However, Al Jazeera’s detractors were not few and far between.

“I love Peyton Manning, I mean, I think he’s a real man and a real credit to the game of football,” former NFL coach Mike Ditka said. “Here’s the thing that bothers me: Al Jazeera is not a credible news organization. They’re out there spreading garbage. That’s what they do, yet we give them credibility by talking about it. They’re garbage. That’s what they are.” Ditka was not alone in challenging the reliability of Al Jazeera, which is owned by the ruling family of Qatar. One Twitter user wrote: “Like I’m going to watch Al Jazeera and get added to some no fly list.”

T.J. Quinn of ESPN tried to find middle ground, saying he had “issues” with the report — but that the “perceived sincerity” of athletes’ denials are irrelevant and “it’s completely wrong to issue a blanket attack Al Jazeera as a network.”

“Lots of questions,” he tweeted. “That’s one reason why anyone speaking with certainty either way makes me cringe.”

Nuance, however, isn’t something pro athletes do well under fire.

“Plainly, it is bulls—,” Harrison said of the allegations, as Penn Live reported. “I’ve never heard of those guys. I never took a steroid and I don’t plan to. Just because somebody says something doesn’t mean it’s true.”


An earlier version of this story misstated who made the allegation regarding Manning on the recording. It was Sly, not someone named Clay.