“Animals have to live in their habitat, not in the middle of buildings,” the mayor tweeted.
Most of the Buenos Aires Zoo’s 1,500 animals will be relocated to Argentinian sanctuaries and to locations overseas, according to the Associated Press. Some of the birds will be released in a riverside ecological reserve spanning 864 acres in the city.
The zoo has had its fair share of problems that have attracted international outcry. Last year, two sea lions died within three days of each other.
Zoo workers protested what they said was mistreatment of the animals and staff members, claiming the situation caused “preventable [animal] deaths,” according to the Argentina Independent.
In 2012, the zoo’s last polar bear, Winner, died after having to endure high temperatures and fireworks during the Christmas season. The 14-year-old male had been transferred from Santiago, Chile, and was a feature attraction at the Buenos Aires facility.
On Thursday the city’s mayor said “today this place generates more sadness than happiness.”
The move follows news of a zoo closure in Canada, where the director was charged with animal cruelty-related offenses.
Some countries have tied to shut down public zoos altogether. Costa Rica attempted to close its public zoos in 2013 as officials proclaimed animals shouldn’t live in captivity, but the government lost a court battle the following year.
In Buenos Aires, the zoo has been privately operated since the 1990s. Its license was set to expire at the end of 2017.
The new ecopark will be “a place where children can learn how to take care of and relate with the different species,” the mayor, according to the Guardian. “What we have to value is the animals. The way they live here is definitely not the way to do that.”
Some of the animals that are too old or sick will remain at the ecopark, the Guardian reported. That includes Sandra, an orangutan that an Argentinian court recognized in 2014 as a “non-human person” that has a right to freedom.
“The most important thing is breaking with the model of captivity and exhibition,” said animal rights lawyer Gerardo Biglia, a longtime activist pushing for the zoo’s closure, the Guardian reported. “I think there is a change coming for which we are already prepared because kids nowadays consider it obvious that it’s wrong for animals to be caged.”