“The state has responded, but the response needs far exceed the state’s capability,” Gov. Rick Snyder (R) said in a letter to the president, according to the Associated Press.
Obama’s decision to issue the emergency declaration on Saturday frees up the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency to coordinate relief efforts, help with emergency measures “and to lessen or avert the threat of a catastrophe in Genesee County,” according to a White House announcement.
Federal aid will come in the form of water, water filters, filter cartridges, test kits and other items over, at most, 90 days. The announcement did not contain an estimate for how much the aid will cost.
The problem can be traced back to April 2014, when the city switched its water source from Detroit to the Flint River to save money. Residents immediately complained about the smell and taste of the water. That summer, several boil-water advisories were issued. In October, a General Motors plant stopped using the water, which it claimed was rusting parts.
The problems continued throughout 2015. In October, Snyder announced state aid — and later approved legislation — to switch the city’s water source back to Detroit. On Tuesday, he activated the state’s National Guard to help distribute water and filters. On Wednesday, state health officials reported an increase in Legionnaires’ disease cases over the past two years in the county that includes Flint. On Thursday, he formally asked Obama to issue a disaster declaration and provide millions of dollars in aid.