The latest eruptions of Kilauea, the most active volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island, have rendered parts of a once-serene neighborhood on the island unrecognizable.

On April 30, the floor of a crater on top of the volcano collapsed, sending its pool of lava back underground and causing small earthquakes. Scientists predicted the magma would travel elsewhere and push its way back to the surface somewhere in the East Rift Zone. They were correct.

Days later, the ground split open on the east side of the island’s Leilani Estates neighborhood, exposing an angry red beneath the lush landscape. From the widening gash, molten rock burbled and splashed, then shot dozens of feet in the air.

Officials called it “active volcanic fountaining.” Some residents insisted it was Pele, the Hawaiian volcano goddess, coming to reclaim her land. Hundreds of residents were ordered to flee amid threats of fires and high levels of dangerous sulfur dioxide gas.

Soon, another such fissure had formed a few streets to the west. Then another and another. From the vents, hot steam — and noxious gases — rose, before magma broke through and splattered into the air.

Dozens of earthquakes — including the strongest to hit Hawaii in more than four decades — have jolted the Big Island’s residents, some as they were in the midst of evacuating.

Fifteen fissures have been reported in and around Leilani Estates. Lava spouted along the vents and oozed through the neighborhood, leaving lines of smoldering trees in its wake and igniting cars and buildings.
So far, lava has covered at least 116 acres on the island, destroying 36 structures, including more than two dozen homes.

And now, there’s a new concern: The ongoing surge in volcanic activity could cause a massive explosion from Kilauea’s summit in the next few weeks. Scientists and officials warned Wednesday that such an explosion could cause the volcano to spew “ballistic blocks weighing as much as 10 or 12 tons.”


A Leilani Estates resident carries a surfboard out of a house as lava overruns the pavement on Hookupu Street. (Jamm Aquino /The Star-Advertiser via AP)

A geologist walks along center lane lines that have been offset by volcanic vents. (U.S. Geological Survey via AP)

Severe ground cracks associated with Fissure 14 are seen beneath a burned-out landscape in Leilani Estates. (U.S. Geological Survey via AP)

Lava continues to overtake property. (Jamm Aquino/Honolulu Star-Advertiser/AP)

Leilani Estates resident Stacy Welch inspects lava next to a destroyed home. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

A fissure erupts on May 5. (U.S. Geological Survey/AP)

Lava from a robust fissure eruption on consumes a home, then threatens another. (Bruce Omori/Paradise Helicopters/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

A man films the lava in Leilani Estates. (Marco Garcia/AP)

Lava cools around a utility pole in Leilani Estates. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

A 2,000-foot-long fissure erupts within the subdivision. (Bruce Omori/Paradise Helicopters/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

Resident Sam Knox rides his bicycle as lava burns across the road in the Leilani Estates subdivision. (Marco Garcia/AP)

A new fissure erupts in Leilani Estates on Tuesday. (Hollyn Johnson/Hawaii Tribune-Herald via AP)

Lava emerges from the ground in a still image obtained from social media. (Jeremiah Osuna/Reuters)

Fires caused by lava burn. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

A Hawaii Volcano Observatory geologist collects samples of spatter for laboratory analysis. (U.S. Geological Survey/AP)

Lava is seen from a fissure behind a resident’s back yard. (Keith Brock/Reuters)

Leilani Estates resident Lucina Aquilina drives near lava in the subdivision. (Jamm Aquino/Honolulu Star-Advertiser/AP)

A helicopter flies above the destruction. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)

Residents evacuate as lava continues to overrun the streets. (Jamm Aquino/Honolulu Star-Advertiser/AP)

Ground cracking extends across a highway. (U.S. Geological Survey/Getty Images)

Read more:

‘Pele’s the boss’: Hawaii residents ride out uncertainty as lava spews from new Big Island fissures

What’s happening inside Hawaii’s Kilauea, the world’s longest-erupting volcano

Hawaii’s silent danger: Volcanic smog, otherwise known as ‘vog’