As Florence swept into eastern North Carolina, the Onslow County Swiftwater Rescue Team hardly had a chance to rest. (Video: Alice Li, Lee Powell/The Washington Post)

Tropical depression Florence continued its march through the Carolinas on Sunday, dumping torrential and historic amounts of rain. Floodwaters are expected to push many rivers to all-time highs and could spur life-threatening landslides as the storm’s remnants move into the mountains in the middle of the states and then up into southwestern Virginia.

The storm has been linked to several deaths, according to officials. Follow Florence’s projected path here and read the latest forecasts here.

Key updates: Florence’s unrelenting rain could bring “catastrophic, life-threatening flash flooding risk” | “Extremely hazardous” roads Florence downgraded to a depression 

Residents in Lumberton N.C., find their neighborhoods flooded and their homes hard to reach. (Video: Jorge Ribas, Ashleigh Joplin/The Washington Post)

7:27 p.m.: Storm death toll rises to 17

Officials in Gaston County, N.C., said a 3-month-old was killed Sunday when a tree fell through the family’s single-wide mobile home. The infant and the mother were taken to a hospital, where the baby died, said Maj. Jamie McConnell with Gaston County EMS.

At least 11 people have died as a result of the storm in North Carolina, and six in South Carolina.

— Katie Zezima 

6:42 p.m.: At least 16 people have died in the storm

At least 16 deaths are now attributed to the storm. A woman in Lexington County, S.C., lost control of her car, hit a tree and was ejected from the vehicle, according to the South Carolina Emergency Management Division. At least six people have now died in South Carolina. North Carolina Gov. Roy Cooper said at least 10 people have died in that state.

— Katie Zezima

The Post followed Aaron Sutton as he visited his home in Kinston, N.C., on Sept. 16, and saw the damage wrought by Florence for the first time. (Video: Zoeann Murphy, Sarah Parnass/The Washington Post)

6:10 p.m.: ‘Looks like we’ve got a new lake in Charlotte’

The National Weather Service declared a rare flash flood emergency for parts of Mecklenburg County, which includes Charlotte, because streams and creeks were running unusually high, in some locations reaching record levels. Tim Habershaw and his roommate, Zachary Finley, walked in their Carolina Panthers jerseys down Central Avenue in Charlote to view swollen Briar Creek, a normally placid brook that had turned into a torrent.

“I drove by earlier on my way home from work, and I was like, ‘Whoa, looks like we’ve got a new lake in Charlotte,’ ” said Habershaw, 51, a restaurant server who lives two miles away with Finley, 25, a line cook. “I went home and took a nap, and when I woke up, I told [Finley], ‘We’ve got to go see this.’ ”

About 3,000 miles’ worth of creeks, the vast majority little more than unnamed trickles, crisscross Mecklenburg County in a vast lacework that flows to larger rivers and, eventually, to the Atlantic Ocean. Charlotte’s rolling topography tends to funnel floodwaters into low areas that usually correspond to creek beds. Habershaw has lived in Charlotte for 30 years and said he had never seen Briar Creek as high as it was Sunday afternoon. “It’s kind of scary,” he said, “but beautiful.”

The heaviest rain fell in southeastern Mecklenburg County. Some places received 10 inches of rain this weekend.

— Greg Lacour

5:30 p.m.: Hundreds of dialysis patients rescued from their homes

Late Sunday afternoon, Tom Cotter, North Carolina team leader for the relief group Americares, was waiting in the parking lot of a shelter in Wilson, N.C., for the arrival of 105 dialysis patients who were on their way by bus after having been rescued from their flooded homes in Jacksonville, N.C., 90 miles to the south. Many of them had been rescued by boats from their homes, and some had not received treatment for as many as five days.

Cotter had brought health screening devices, essential medicine, adult diapers, cleaning supplies and more. A dialysis center across the street will deliver care.

“This is very much an ongoing disaster,” Cotter said. “People are still coming into these shelters.”

— Steven Mufson

First responders in the town of Beulaville, N.C., have resorted to evacuating the sick and injured by helicopter. (Video: Dalton Bennett/The Washington Post)

4:27 p.m.: Warily watching the rivers in South Carolina

Renee Matthews has been walking to Lynches River at least once every day, checking how far it has risen. Two days ago, the river that surrounds her family’s property in rural Florence County, S.C., was dry and barely rose past her nephew’s knee. By Sunday, the river bank was nowhere to be seen. The boat landing that leads to the bank was buried in debris, and the four-foot concrete barrier next to it was nearly submerged.

“It’s probably come up two to three feet,” she said, aiming her phone to take a picture.

“You could walk right there two days ago. You could walk all around that tree two days ago,” she said, pointing at a submerged tree. And the deluge of rain has barely started.

Flooding happens every few years in this wooded riverfront neighborhood of mobile homes and big houses, some of which were built several feet above the ground.

“The water goes all the way to the top of that house,” Matthews said, pointing at an empty vacation home that stands at least six feet from the wet, grassy land.

There has been no flooding yet in the county that shares a name with the storm. But officials are monitoring the Lynches River and other bodies of water inland as rain continues and rainfall from the north flows downstream, said Dusty Owens, director of the county’s emergency management division.

Here in Florence County, several bodies of water – the Great Pee Dee River to the east, Lynches River to the south, and Black Creek to the north, are all expected to rise. Lynches River, for example, has risen by more than five feet since Friday. The Great Pee Dee could rise to 27 feet by Thursday, surpassing the flood stage by eight feet.

“Next week, it’ll be our problem,” Matthews, 48, said. “This river’s going to keep rising.”

— Kristine Phillips

3:47 p.m.: At least 15 people dead due to the storm 

At least 15 people have now died as a result of tropical depression Florence, which slammed into the Carolinas as a hurricane on Friday.

South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster (R) said five people were killed in the storm: Amber Dawn Lee of Union County; Mark Carter King and Deborah Collins Ryan, who lost their lives in a generator-related incident on Saturday; Michael D. Prince, who died this morning when he lost control of his car in Georgetown County; and Jeffrey B. Youngren, who died Sunday morning in Kershaw County after driving into a support beam.

North Carolina Gov. Roy Cooper (D) said 10 people in the state have died due to the storm.

— Felicia Sonmez

National Guard units braved flooded highways on Sept. 15, to deliver assistance to Lumberton, N.C. (Video: Storyful)

3:17 p.m.: An aging levee system holds, while a temporary barrier weakens

As the swollen Lumber River in Lumberton, N.C., rose ever higher in Sunday’s pouring rain, the aging levee system in Robeson County held strong, said county spokeswoman Emily Jones.

But a temporary sandbag barrier built by volunteers and National Guardsmen amid pouring rain this week had been “compromised” by the rising water levels, Jones said.

Water had broken through that section of the river, which passed by railway tracks on the west side of town, during Hurricane Matthew in 2016, flooding businesses and homes.

Sebastian Milton, a volunteer with the Cajun Navy who came to Lumberton from Covington, La., to help with rescue operations, said it’s a matter of time before the levee fails as well.

Cajun Navy races to the Carolinas; citizen rescuers pull people from rising waters

“That’s a man-made structure,” he said, “it can’t keep holding back the river.”

Milton and fellow volunteers were posted on a bridge overlooking the Lumber River and a flooded section of Interstate 95 on Sunday afternoon.

Their boats at the ready, they waited in pouring rain for the next emergency call to come in.

“There’s still people out there,” Milton said, gesturing toward the expanse of dark water and trees that hid flooded homes.

— Sarah Kaplan

2:49 p.m.: In Pembroke, N.C., ‘We’re having problems already.’

In Pembroke, N.C., emergency officials conducted about 120 evacuations and 20 rescues — complicated procedures like pulling people out of submerged cars — since the storm began.

Charles Gregory Cummings, the town’s mayor, said officials had been working all week to make sure that the most vulnerable people in the community were safe from the storm. Police officers gave homeless citizens rides to the local shelters and conducted daily drives through public housing complexes, using a bullhorn to inform people about the coming deluge. Pamphlets were posted at every mobile home park bearing information about the forecast and where to seek shelter. Officers checked in daily at a local senior home to make sure their generators were working and they had enough food.

On a drive through town to examine flooding “trouble spots,” Police Chief Ed Locklear noted that most of the public housing in Pembroke is located in the low-lying north side of town. There, canals and underground systems that drain water into the nearby swamp are easily overwhelmed by downpours. Several officials said that these canals were still clogged with downed trees and debris from Hurricane Matthew – the town hadn’t had the resources to fix the problem earlier, and only just received recovery funding from the federal government.

Now Locklear cruised past a street to one of those housing complexes; it was submerged beneath what looked like a foot of muddy brown water. Sandbags rested against the homes’ front doors.

“These are places that always flood,” Locklear said. “And you can see we’re having problems already.”

— Sarah Kaplan 

2:34 p.m.: Trump monitoring ‘the preparedness and response efforts’

The White House, in a statement, said President Trump is monitoring the storm and its effects:

“Today, President Trump continues to monitor the preparedness and response efforts for Hurricane Florence. He was briefed again this afternoon by Sec. Nielsen, Admiral Schultz and Administrator Long. Yesterday, he spoke with Mayor Brenda Bethune of Myrtle Beach, SC and Mayor Dana Outlaw of New Bern, N.C. They discussed the rescue and response efforts in those communities and the President offered the full support of Federal government. Mayor Outlaw thanked President Trump for immediately authorizing the emergency declaration.”

2:31 p.m.: Mandatory evacuations in Fayetteville 

City officials in Fayetteville, N.C., said at an emergency meeting of the city council on Sunday that the Cape Fear River is expected to crest at 62 feet on Tuesday and recede sometime after 8 p.m. Friday. The river is already above flood stage, and there continues to be flash flooding and critical river flooding in the area, they said.

Officials have been notifying residents that there is a mandatory evacuation order for those living within one mile of the Cape Fear and Little rivers. For other neighborhoods there is a voluntary evacuation order. There is also a curfew in effect until further notice. Thirteen roads in the city are closed so far due to high water or flooding, 50 to 60 traffic lights are out, and the city is closely monitoring the levels of nearby dams. Currently there are fewer than 10,000 people without power.

Officials also said they have been pushing back against rumors that the city’s water supply is going to be shut off later Sunday afternoon; there are no plans for water to be shut off, they said.

One official said that 160 people were transported from a nursing home to shelters last night. The city is working with EMS and others to provide transport to people in wheelchairs and those who need help getting out of bed. Officials are also working to open up more shelters for as many as 7,500 people who may be displaced.

— Felicia Sonmez

North and South Carolina were hit hard by Hurricane Florence on Sept. 15, bringing flooding and punishing winds as the storm moved inland. (Video: The Washington Post)

1:46 p.m.: The storm is spawning an array of safety and environmental hazards

Federal officials described an array of life-safety and environmental hazards spawned by Hurricane Florence in a Sunday afternoon teleconference. Among them: The floodwaters are potentially contaminated and could present a health hazard.

“If you can avoid contact with floodwaters, do so,” said Reggie Cheatham, director of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Emergency Management.

He said there are an estimated 3,300 “hog ponds” in North Carolina that hold manure. There is concern that heavy rainfall could cause them to overflow and send hog manure into waterways.

Officials so far are “fairly confident” that farmers prepared adequately in advance of the storm to prevent the ponds from overtopping, Cheatham said. “But we’re not out of the woods yet.”

Cheatham said that, at last count, there had been 28 boil-water orders issued by local water systems.

Meanwhile there has been a significant spill of coal ash from a storage pond at a closed Duke Energy plant near Wilmington, N.C. Cheatham said 2,000 cubic yards of coal ash spilled into a ditch after floodwaters eroded a portion of the pond wall. That ditch leads to a cooling pond that has an outflow into the Cape Fear River, but he said there’s no evidence so far that the coal ash has reached that cooling pond.

Duke Energy said in a statement Saturday that the company “does not believe this incident poses a risk to public health or the environment.”

Federal officials are urging evacuees to stay where they are and not attempt to return home.

“Don’t feel a need to rush home to file a claim” said National Flood Insurance Program chief executive David Maurstad.

Coast Guard Adm. Meredith Austin said three major ports in the Carolinas remained closed, including the Cape Fear port near Wilmington. That closure is significant because the Cape Fear water utility has put out an urgent plea for fuel.

“Cape Fear is the number one priority of getting a port open,” she said. “We are aware of the need to get fuel into the port.”

FEMA associate administrator Jeff Byard provided the big picture: “This is a long event. We are definitely likely to have isolated communities.”

— Joel Achenbach

Gov. Roy Cooper (D-N.C.) spoke Sept. 16 about ongoing effects of Florence, which had weakened to a tropical depression. Here are key moments from that event. (Video: Reuters)

1 p.m.: ‘This storm has never been more dangerous than it is right now.’

North Carolina officials said floodwaters continue to rage and residents across nearly the entire state are in danger from torrential rainfall, rising rivers, floodwaters and, in the mountains, mudslides.

“This storm has never been more dangerous than it has right now,” in many areas of the state, Gov. Roy Cooper (D), said at a midday news conference. “Wherever you live in North Carolina, be on alert for sudden flooding.”

Cooper said numerous rivers throughout the state – including the Cape Fear, Lumber, Neuse – are still rising and not expected to crest until later Sunday or Monday. The storm has dumped nearly two feet of rain in many places, and some places are being pummeled with to three inches of rain an hour. Flooding is getting worse in parts of the state, including Pollocksville, Lumberton, Kinston and Goldsboro. The danger is growing in North Carolina’s western mountains, where rains could lead to dangerous mudslides.

Officials urged North Carolinians to stay off the roads. Many are closed; at least 171 primary roads are closed throughout the state, including portions of Interstates 95 and 40. People are urged not to drive east of Interstates 73/74 or U.S. Route 64 South. Many secondary roads are closed because of flooding.

Cooper estimated that between 750,000 and 1 million people have evacuated certain areas, a figure that will rise with expected mandatory evacuations in some places as rivers rise. About 15,000 people are staying in about 150 shelters across the state, he said. Four medical shelters are open in North Carolina, serving at least 170 patients.

More than 900 people have been rescued from floodwaters, Cooper said.

At least 700,000 people remain without power and residents should expect to be without for days because so many roads are impassible.

“People need to understand that some areas are likely to be without power for a while,” Cooper said.

The governor said food, water and high-water vehicles are being delivered to hard-hit areas. The Coast Guard has rescued at least 50 people via helicopter.

— Katie Zezima

11:57 a.m.: Officials say at least 14 dead as a result of Florence

Florence, which made landfall as a hurricane on Friday, is being cited for at least 14 deaths as of Sunday morning as its torrential rains continued to soak North and South Carolina, leading to widespread flooding during a slow march westward. State and local officials in the two states confirmed the deaths as being related to the impacts of the storm, which is expected to continue to flood large swaths of the region and pose considerable additional dangers to inland residents.

On Sunday, the South Carolina Emergency Management Division and office of Gov. Henry McMaster (R ) each confirmed four storm-related deaths. In Horry County, a 61-year-old woman and 63-year-old man died of carbon monoxide poisoning. A generator was located inside their home. A 61-year-old woman in Union County died when the vehicle she was driving struck a tree. And a 23-year-old man in Georgetown County died in a car crash.

On Saturday evening, the North Carolina Office of the Medical Examiner issued a news release saying that it had confirmed seven storm-related deaths, including a 41-year-old woman and her seven-month-old son who died in Wilmington on Friday when a tree fell on their home. The state also listed the deaths of a 78-year-old man in Lenoir County, who died when he was electrocuted; a 77-year-old man in Lenoir County who fell and died due to a cardiac problem while outside checking on dogs during the storm; an 81-year-old man in Wayne County who fell and struck his head while packing to evacuate; and a husband and wife who died in a house fire in Cumberland County.

Local officials have confirmed three additional deaths in North Carolina connected to the storm. The Duplin County Sheriff’s Office said two people died when flash flooding overwhelmed roads on Saturday; in Pender County, officials said that a woman died Friday morning when she was having a heart attack and emergency crews were unable to reach her in time due to downed trees and debris in the road.

— Katie Zezima

FEMA administrator says Puerto Rico hurricane death toll numbers are ‘all over the place’

11:28 a.m.: Officials expect storm impact to get worse in the coming days

Michael Sprayberry, North Carolina’s director of emergency management, said the impact of tropical depression Florence was “bad right now. And we do expect it to get worse over the coming days.”

Sprayberry said the state had more than 1,000 search and rescue personnel with more than 2,000 boats as well as 36 helicopters available for search and rescue operations.

“We know that’s going to be a major mission going forward, because this is historic and unprecedented flooding,” he said on ABC’s “This Week with George Stephanopoulos.” “This is one that’s for the record books,” Sprayberry said, adding that the recovery will be long-term.

“As you know, we’re actually still recovering from Hurricane Matthew in October of 2016, so it will be a massive, long term recovery,” Sprayberry said.

Local officials are receiving assistance from the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s urban search and rescue incident support team, which has more than 1,000 personnel deployed across Virginia and the Carolinas. That includes 16 water rescue packages – specially trained teams capable of saving people from swift-moving flash floods and the slow surge of rising rivers.

As of 10 p.m. Saturday, the team had conducted 22 rescues — efforts that involve technical skills, like removing people from sinking vehicles — and 451 evacuations. The teams had also evacuated 84 animals, mostly pets.

– Steven Mufson and Sarah Kaplan 

Video from a drone camera shows flooding in Lumberton, N.C., on Sept. 16, after Florence swept through the area. (Video: Jorge Ribas/The Washington Post)

10:25 a.m.: It’s not the wind. It’s the water.

Lola Smith thought she’d be safe after the winds died down.

Smith, 69, and her neighbors at First Baptist Homes, an affordable-housing community for seniors and people with disabilities, had waited out the worst of Florence’s fury in the gymnasium of the high school in Lumberton, N.C., about 75 miles inland from the North Carolina coast where Florence made landfall on Friday.

But the shelter was cramped and uncomfortable: There were no showers or even hot water for sponge baths, and the narrow cots bothered her aging hips. “I just want to go home,” she said.

Her friends felt the same.

So on Saturday morning they packed up their belongings — blankets, Bibles, bags of insurance papers — and headed back to their apartments on the south side of town.

But the greater threat from Florence is not the winds, but the water. Torrential downpours soaked Lumberton’s streets and overwhelmed the surrounding marshes and canals. By Saturday evening, the Lumber River had swollen past flood stage and started to flood the city.

The water was creeping up to First Baptists residents’ doors when firefighters came by and told them they would have to leave. There was a mandatory evacuation for the whole southern part of Lumberton.

The fire officials turned off the water and gas, loaded the residents into vans and took them back to the high school.

They would be there until the river stopped rising. No one could say when that would be.

– Sarah Kaplan

10:20 a.m.: Wilmington’s water utility needs fuel to keep working

Cape Fear Public Utility Authority said it is in desperate need of fuel for its generators so that it could continue to provide water to Wilmington, N.C.

“If we do not get the needed fuel within the next 24-hours, we will not be able to continue water service for public health and safety such as fire suppression and other life-sustaining activities at the hospital. Also, this hard-hit community will be without drinking water,” Peg Hall Williams,  utility spokeswoman, said in an email.

Severe flooding has closed roads into Wilmington, making it nearly impossible to get resources into the coastal city by land.

– Patricia Sullivan

9:54 a.m.: Florence’s unrelenting rain could bring “catastrophic, life-threatening flash flooding risk”

The National Weather Service on Sunday warned of a “catastrophic, life-threatening flash flooding risk” in much of North Carolina, northern South Carolina and southwest Virginia.

Although record-level rains and flooding are expected to ease along the North Carolina coast through the evening and overnight, more serious flooding is predicted to spread farther inland.

The floodwaters are expected to push many rivers to all-time highs and, toward the mountains of western North Carolina and southwestern Virginia, could spur life-threatening landslides.

“[A]reas of the North Carolina Piedmont and the mountainous terrain of western North Carolina will experience devastating flash flooding unlike anything in recent memory,” tweeted Greg Carbin, chief of the operations branch at the National Weather Service. “Roads and bridges will wash away and damage will be severe.”

— Jason Samenow

[Read the latest forecast on Florence at Capital Weather Gang]

5 a.m.: Florence downgraded to a depression

The National Hurricane Center announced at 5 a.m. Sunday that Florence had weakened to a tropical depression, but that it would keep dumping rain — another five to 10 inches in central and western North Carolina and southwest Virginia, leading to flash flooding, prolonged river flooding, and greater risk of landslides.

Another four to six inches could drop on southern North Carolina and the northern portion of South Carolina.

A few tornadoes remain possible in North Carolina and eastern South Carolina into Sunday night, they reported.

Some areas of southeastern North Carolina have gotten well over 20 inches of rain from Florence, according to the National Weather Service Weather Prediction Center, and a few have been drenched with more than 30 inches.

Flash-flood warnings, and road closures have followed.

— Susan Svrluga

4:10 a.m.: “Extremely hazardous” roads

As road conditions worsened overnight, state officials warned that travel was “extremely hazardous across North Carolina.”

Drivers were advised to avoid all roads south of U.S. 64 — which cuts across the state from Tennessee to the Outer Banks — and east of Interstate 73/74 — which runs north-south near Greensboro, N.C.

Interstate 40 was closed between Wilmington and Interstate 95, which cuts diagonally across the eastern third of the state.

State officials offered a map with a safer route, one that bypasses North Carolina entirely.

“This is an extremely long detour,” the North Carolina Department of Transportation special alert noted, “but it is the detour that offers the lowest risk of flooding at this time.”

With road conditions changing rapidly, officials advised travelers to check back frequently — especially because satellite navigation systems were still directing drivers to dangerous stretches of roadway.

Early Sunday morning, the National Weather Service in Raleigh, N.C., posted on Twitter that there were 81 roads in Sampson County covered by high water, and several washouts.

Local agencies warned of trouble spots, and urged drivers to check with the state department of transportation.

The South Carolina Department of Transportation announced early Sunday that it would begin building barriers on Route 378 at two locations south of Florence, S.C., to protect the highway from floodwaters that would otherwise rise over bridges.

But most state roads had been cleared, other than a few power lines, by early Sunday morning, according to the agency.

— Susan Svrluga

2:10 a.m.: Coal ash landfill collapses

Rain and storm water may have triggered erosion at a coal ash landfill at a power plant in Wilmington, N.C., Duke Energy announced Saturday evening.

About 2,000 cubic yards of ash — enough to fill two-thirds of an Olympic-sized swimming pool — appeared to be affected at the Sutton Power Plant. But the company was unable to determine how much water may have reached Sutton Lake, the cooling pond built for the plant. The plant is next to the Cape Fear River.

Disposal of the coal ash produced by power plants has been the subject of contentious debate nationally.

Duke Energy officials said in a news release that coal ash is nonhazardous and that there is no risk to public health or the environment. A spokesman for the company could not be reached for comment Saturday night.

The Southern Environmental Law Center had warned of the dangers of leaving coal ash in pits vulnerable to hurricanes and extreme weather. Frank Holleman, a lawyer for the center, did not immediately respond to requests for comment Saturday night, but a spokeswoman for the center shared a recent statement he made: “Duke Energy has spent years lobbying and litigating and still has not removed the coal ash from its dangerous riverfront pits in the coastal area, some of which are in the flood plain.”

The ash at the Sutton Power Plant was in a lined pit, according to Duke Energy, and most of the displaced ash was collected in a perimeter ditch and haul road on the plant property.

Megan Thorpe, director of the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality, wrote in a statement Saturday night that the department has been “closely monitoring all coal ash impoundments that could be vulnerable in this record breaking rain event.”

As soon as it is safe to do so, she said, department officials will conduct a thorough inspection on site. Once the damage is assessed, the department will determine the best path forward, she wrote, “and hold the utility accountable for implementing the solution that ensures the protection of public health and the environment.”

— Susan Svrluga

Read more Florence coverage: 

North Carolina braces for Florence’s devastating deluge

For small-town Carolinians, the question isn’t when they’ll rebuild — but whether they will at all

‘We face walls of water’: Communities in North Carolina band together to face Florence

Tracking Florence’s deluge in real time