The Senate Judiciary Committee will hold its first hearing on limiting gun violence on Jan. 30, the first of several proceedings expected to consider proposals by President Obama and other groups.

Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.), who chairs the committee, said his hearings “will ensure an open forum for a constructive discussion about how we can better protect our communities from mass shootings, while respecting the fundamental right to bear arms recognized by the Supreme Court.”