Obama will meet with King Abdullah during the trip, which was tacked on to the end of a three-country tour of Netherlands, Belgium and Italy, where Obama will meet Pope Francis. The Wall Street Journal first reported the trip last week, citing Arab officials who said the relations between the two governments was "deteriorating."
The president's trip comes after Secretary of State John F. Kerry visited Saudi officials in January.
Saudi officials have grown concerned about U.S.-led efforts to broker a nuclear deal with Iran and the White House's reluctance to engage more directly in Syria's civil war.
Obama and Abdullah will discuss "regional security, peace in the Middle East, countering violent extremism" and other issues, the White House said in the statement.