Rep. Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.) on Capitol Hill in July 2011. (Alex Brandon/AP)

New York state Sen. Adriano Espaillat (D), who came within two points of unseating Rep. Charlie Rangel (D-N.Y.) in a 2012 primary, will challenge the longtime congressman again this year.

Espaillat, who lost 44-42 percent two years ago, announced his campaign Thursday.

"It’s time to start building the coalition we need not just to campaign, but to govern," Espaillat said in a statement. "It’s time for people who feel like they’ve been shut out of the political process to give it a second chance.”

Rangel, a former House Ways and Means Committee chairman who has served in Congress for four decades, was censured by the House in 2010 for charges including accepting rent-stabilized housing from a developer and failure to pay taxes on income from a property rental in the Dominican Republic.

Espaillat is seeking to become the first Dominican member of Congress in a district that was drawn in 2011 to be significantly more Hispanic than Rangel's old district.

The Rev. Michael Walrond, an ally of the Rev. Al Sharpton, is also running in the primary.

For more on their 2012 race, see here.