A1: The stories you need to read before your first conference call.

-- A man dressed in Afghan army fatigues opened fire at a military academy in Kabul on Tuesday, killing U.S. Army Major General Harold Greene and wounding 15 others. Greene is the highest-ranking U.S. service member to be killed since the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. A German general and eight Americans were wounded in the attack; the shooter was killed. (Washington Post)

-- About 280,000 people on the U.S. Terrorist Screening Database have no recognized ties to terrorist groups, according to new documents. (The Intercept) U.S. intelligence agencies have concluded there is a new leaker exposing secrets not previously disclosed by Edward Snowden. The Intercept's story on Tuesday relies on documents dated August 2013, after Snowden left the U.S. (CNN) Asked to comment on The Intercept's scoop, the National Counterterrorism Center gave the story to AP. (Huffington Post) Not cool, guys.

-- A Russian crime ring has stolen 1.2 billion user name and password combinations and more than 500 million email addresses, security researchers at a Milwaukee-based firm said Tuesday. The targets include major U.S. corporations, but the company, Hold Security, declined to name which companies were involved. The hackers appear to be using the information to send spam on behalf of other companies. (New York Times)

-- The Obama administration is expanding family detention sites and speeding deportations for undocumented immigrant families coming across the southern border with Mexico, rather than releasing them inside the U.S. to await deportation hearings. The stricter enforcement is aimed at deterring others from coming north. (New York Times)

-- A new NBC/Wall Street Journal survey finds a record number of adults, 76 percent, think their children will not have a better life than they do. Six in ten believe the U.S. is in a state of decline, and seven in ten blame leaders in Washington more than any economic trends. President Obama's approval ratings are down to 40 percent, the lowest ever in an NBC/WSJ poll; 54 percent disapprove. Just 19 percent view Congressional Republicans positively. (Wall Street Journal, NBC News)

-- Front Pages: WaPo, LA Times, WSJ and USA Today all lead with the death of Gen. Greene. WaPo has a big Phil Rucker look at Sen. Rand Paul's 10th visit to Iowa across three columns. NYT fronts Israel's exit from Gaza. Detroit Free Press: "TROTT KNOCKS OUT BENTIVOLIO." Hutchison (Kan.) News: "Voters go with incumbents." Lawrence Journal-World: "IT'S ROBERTS."

Primary Results: About last night.

-- Kansas: Sen. Pat Roberts (R) won renomination over physician Milton Wolf (R) by a 48 percent to 41 percent margin. But he wasn't the only one with a close win: Gov. Sam Brownback (R) won renomination with just 63 percent of the vote against a no-name opponent. Rep. Tim Huelskamp (R) won just 55 percent of the vote, another surprisingly close contest. Rep. Mike Pompeo (R) held onto his seat in the face of a challenge from former Rep. Todd Tiahrt (R), 63 percent to 37 percent.

Rep. Kerry Bentivolio (R-Mich.), became the third member of Congress to lose his House seat during this year's primary elections. Meanwhile, Milton Wolf, a tea party challenger and distant cousin of President Obama, lost his bid for a Kansas Senate seat. Here's a roundup of Tuesday's primary action, in case you missed it. Video courtesy of WXYZ.com, Fox17Online, KSN.com and KWCH.com. (Julie Percha/The Washington Post)

-- Michigan: Rep. Kerry Bentivolio (R) became the third member of Congress to lose his primary this year, succumbing to attorney David Trott (R) by a 66 to 34 percent margin. Don't read too much into this result, Bentivolio was an accidental congressman with a huge target on his back. Rep. Justin Amash (R) won his primary by 15 points, despite opposition from members of his own party. State Sen. John Moolenaar (R) is the GOP's nominee to succeed retiring Rep. Mike Rogers (R). Debbie Dingell (D) easily won the right to run for her retiring husband's seat in the 12th District. And the AP hasn't called the race to replace Rep. Gary Peters (D); Southfield Mayor Brenda Lawrence (D) leads state Rep. Rudy Hobbs (D) by about 2,500 votes.

-- Missouri: No open seats or surprises here. Notable: Rep. Billy Long (R) took only 62 percent of the vote in his primary contest.

-- Washington: GOP favorite and former Microsoft executive Pedro Celis (R) doesn't appear to have advanced to the general election against Rep. Suzan DelBene (D). Celis finished third in the top two primary, trailing GOP activist Robert Sutherland (R) by about 700 votes, or eight tenths of a point. Former NFL player Clint Didier (R) will face former state Agriculture Director Dan Newhouse (R) in the 4th District, where Rep. Doc Hastings (R) is retiring; the two Republicans finished atop a field of 10 candidates.

National Roundup: What's happening outside the Beltway.

-- Tennessee: Voters head to the polls tomorrow, where Sen. Lamar(!) Alexander (R) faces a primary challenge from state Rep. Joe Carr (R) and physician George Flinn (R). Consensus, even among tea party types, is that Alexander will win; there's no runoff in Tennessee. If he loses, it'll be a bigger shock than Rep. Eric Cantor's (R) defeat: Lamar(!) has been actively campaigning for a year and change.

-- More Tennessee: Three House primaries to watch: In the 3rd District, Rep. Chuck Fleischmann (R) faces venture capitalist Weston Wamp (R), son of former Rep. Zach Wamp (R). In the 4th District, Rep. Scott DesJarlais (R) has been outspent by his primary opponent, state Sen. Jim Tracy (R). Tracy fell short of beating DesJarlais in 2010. And in the 9th District, Rep. Steve Cohen (D) faces pastor Isaac Richmond (D) in a race that hasn't had anywhere near the racial undertones that have marked previous challenges to Cohen.

-- Montana: Sen. John Walsh (D) is deliberating with advisors over whether to drop out of his bid to keep his seat in the wake of plagiarism revelations. Walsh would have to drop out before Monday, and state Democrats would have to pick a replacement by Aug. 20. Two state newspapers have called on him to quit; the DSCC is not pushing Walsh out the door. (Politico) Walsh has postponed at least two upcoming campaign events in recent days, and he's refused to say whether he'll stay in the race. (Associated Press)

-- North Carolina: A new Civitas Institute poll, conducted July 28-29, shows Sen. Kay Hagan (D) leading with 41 percent, compared with 39 percent for state House Speaker Thom Tillis (R) and 7 percent for Libertarian Sean Haugh. In a two-way matchup, Tillis leads 45 percent to 43 percent. Hagan leads 58-30 among moderates, while Tillis leads 45-43 among independents. (Civitas, pdf)

-- Hawaii: What's the only thing worse for turnout than an August Saturday primary? How about a primary held right after a hurricane hits? Hurricane Iselle, a Category 4 storm, is expected to hit the islands on Thursday and Friday. Adding to the problem: Tropical Storm Julio is right behind Iselle, and could hit the Big Island beginning late Saturday and into Sunday. (NBC News) Pity the poor canvassers going door to door.

-- Virginia: Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D) has set a special election to fill resigning Rep. Eric Cantor's (R) seat to coincide with the Nov. 4 general election. The winner will get to take Cantor's seat early. Randolph Macon Professor Dave Brat (R) is favored. (Richmond Times-Dispatch) Craving the latest on the Bob McDonnell trial? Check out our live blog here.

-- Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee: A three-member panel of Sixth Circuit judges in Cincinnati will hear six cases involving same-sex marriage in four states on Wednesday. The cases involve lower court rulings striking down same-sex marriage bans, recognizing out-of-state marriages and marriages on birth and death certificates. Two of the three judges were appointed by George W. Bush; the third was appointed by Bill Clinton. (MLive.com)

DC Digest: What's on tap today in DC.

-- President Obama delivers remarks to African heads of state at the U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit this morning, then participates in a discussion on regional stability in the afternoon. In between, he'll stand for the requisite family photo. Obama holds a press conference at 5:00 p.m.

-- Vice President Biden attends meetings at the White House this morning. This afternoon, he'll join a meeting on unaccompanied children streaming over the Southern border.

-- Mayor-for-life Marion Barry settled a bill for $2,800 worth of outstanding parking and traffic tickets, the DC DMV said Tuesday, allowing him to get his Jaguar out of a tow lot. Barry's car was impounded after an accident Saturday night in Southeast D.C. (Washington Post)

TV Time Out: Our exclusive look at who's advertising, and where.

-- Georgia: The NRSC is making its first ad buy of the cycle a $2.5 million expenditure on behalf of businessman David Perdue (R). The committee goes up Aug. 12, with between 300 and 700 gross ratings points per week, exclusively in the Atlanta market, through Sept. 15.

-- Iowa: NextGen Climate Action Committee ran its first television ad against state Sen. Joni Ernst (R). Now, it's following those with $59,000 in mailers, according to new FEC reports. Is it cliche to point out that an environmental group just killed a bunch of trees?

-- Kentucky: The Kentucky Opportunity Coalition, a super PAC run by a former top advisor to Sen. Mitch McConnell (R), is dumping $646,000 into new ads against Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes (D). That's according to a new FEC report the group filed on Tuesday. McConnell, meanwhile, is spotlighting his wife, former Labor Secretary Elaine Chao, in his own new ad. (Lexington Herald-Leader)

The Buried Lede: The nuggets that deserve the spotlight.

-- "I can say without fear of contradiction that Sen. Rand Paul is, if he chooses to do this, the most credible candidate for president of the United States [from Kentucky] since Henry Clay." Libertarian activist? Millennial conservative? Nope, that was Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, speaking to a group of Republicans in Graves County on Saturday. The two Kentucky senators could easily have been rivals. Instead, they've built a symbiotic relationship that serves both their needs. (Washington Post)

B1: Business, politics and the business of politics

-- U.S. Senate personal offices spent $253 million on staff salaries between April 2013 and March 2014, according to new public disclosure documents. Sens. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), Ted Cruz (R-Texas), John Cornyn (R-Texas), Bill Nelson (D-Fla.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) and Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) all spent more than $3.5 million. The most frugal senator who served during that whole period: Sen. Richard Shelby (R-Ala.), who cost taxpayers just $1.7 million.

-- Gannett said Tuesday it would spin its newspaper division into a separate company next year, leaving its television holdings and websites like CareerBuilder and Cars.com in a more profitable position. The new newspaper company will include 81 outlets, including USA Today, The Arizona Republic, The Indianapolis Star, The Des Moines Register, the Detroit Free Press, The Cincinnati Enquirer and others. (New York Times)

-- The GOP consulting firm Targeted Victory will announce a partnership with Acxiom, the enterprise data and analytics firm. From the forthcoming press release: "Working with Acxiom, an innovator in the enterprise data and analytics world, Targeted Victory will add new audiences in the Financial, Entertainment, Demographic, and Home verticals to their Audience Exchange. All new audience data is available to Targeted Victory clients and Targeted Engagement users immediately."

-- Stock futures are down slightly after the Dow dropped eight tenths of a percent on Tuesday. International markets are off more than 1 percent across the globe. (CNN)

C1: The long reads you'll need to check out before tonight's cocktail party.

-- PR in the Age of Twitter: Former White House spokesman Reid Cherlin interviews some of his old colleagues to explore why the relationship between the White House and the media is so bad. Short answer: It's always been bad, and it's going to be worse for the next president. (Rolling Stone) The days of an administration controlling a story are probably over. Lots of blame to go around, but this will be an era public relations experts study for a long time.
C4: The comics page, fun things to read when you're bored at work

-- A constant question we have for the mayors of big cities that seek out political conventions or major international gatherings (like WTO meetings, G20 meetings, et cetera): What are you thinking?!? Is the cost of a big event like that worth the payoff, the boost in tourism and resulting infrastructure? Short answer: not economically speaking. But events like the World Cup, the New York Times' Binyamin Appelbaum writes in this weekend's magazine, do make a country's population happier.

Attn Matt Drudge: Things conservatives will get outraged by today.

-- Democrats are attacking Florida Gov. Rick Scott (R) over jobs moving out of state. But a state Democratic Party advertisement uses stock footage of an abandoned factory in Detroit, not Florida. Oops. (BuzzFeed)

Attn HuffPo: What outrages liberals today

-- Rep. Steve King (R-Iowa) was confronted by a self-described "Dreamer" activist at a campaign event. The woman asked King to explain his opposition to immigration reform. King's response: "You're very good at English." (Washington Post) The real clickbait: King was eating a meal alongside Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.), who beat a hasty retreat. (Washington Post)