Republicans swept into power in the Senate in last month's midterm election. In the House, they padded their existing majority.
A majority of Americans -- 52 percent -- say the new power structure will result in more gridlock between the White House and Congress. Thirty-seven percent say it will make no difference. Just 9 percent predict there will be less gridlock.
The CNN poll was conducted from Nov. 21-23, about two and a half weeks after the Nov. 4 midterms.
A clear majority of Americans, 74 percent, say they saw the election results as a repudiation of Democratic policies, as opposed to a GOP mandate. Just 16 percent say they saw it as a Republican mandate.