The House has passed a funding bill administration officials have described as inadequate for the task, and earlier this week, Senate Democrats blocked a $1.1 billion funding package to fight the mosquito-borne virus because of “poison pill” measures.
Obama, who met with Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Anthony Fauci, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Tom Frieden, took aim at those congressional riders when speaking to reporters Friday.
People are "trying to attach legislation on a bunch of unrelated topics to this funding," he said. "It's been politics as usual rather than responding smartly to a very serious public health request."
"But when there are emergencies, when there are public health emergencies, when we know that we have the chance to prevent serious tragedies in the lives of families and protect the health and safety of our populations, and particularly our children, then those politics need to be set aside," he added.
Republicans, for their part, said that it is the Democrats' refusal to compromise that has delayed the deployment of new funds. "The president is right: Congress does need to act, which is why it’s so unfortunate that Senate Democrats blocked funding to address this crisis," said Doug Andres, a spokesman for House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.).
In an interview for C-SPAN’s ‘Newsmakers,’ Fauci said vaccine development will suffer unless Congress moves quickly.
“If we don’t have a firm commitment to get the money to us within several weeks into the summer, then we’re going to have to scramble and figure out how we can work so as to not slow down the process,” he said. NIH has been using money from other accounts for vaccine development. But a critical phase that begins early next year could get delayed without additional funds.
Because Congress has not yet approved the administration's Zika request, the administration has shifted money previously earmarked for Ebola, and HHS has redirected about $44 million in public health emergency preparedness grants that state and local health departments are slated to start getting Friday.
On Friday, the CDC said it has awarded $25 million in Zika-specific funding to 53 state, city and territorial health departments to help strengthen preparedness and response plans. The funding became effective Friday and all jurisdictions will have the funds by next week, officials said. The recipients were chosen based on risk of local spread, history of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks, and size of population.
Puerto Rico, which remains the hardest-hit place in the United States when it comes to Zika, received $5 million. Florida and Texas, which are considered at high risk, each received over $1 million.
Nevertheless, in some of the highest-risk places in the continental United States such as the South, the constraints on federal funding have prompted some state and local officials to focus on promoting educational awareness, by distributing coloring books to grade school kids and taking other measures.
Puerto Rico remains the hardest-hit place in the United States when it comes to Zika. The Aedes aegypti mosquito population there — which transmits the virus — is resistant to the most common types of insecticides that the island has been using. The government has been in discussion with CDC officials about beginning aerial spraying, and there have been protests about this in front of the CDC’s office in Puerto Rico by some who question its environmental impact.
Frieden is traveling to Puerto Rico next week to talk to officials about mosquito control strategies. The decision to spray is up to Puerto Rico. In a statement earlier this week, the CDC said it does not conduct aerial spraying, although the agency may support Puerto Rico’s effort through a CDC-funded contract.
"And at a time when Puerto Rico is already going through a tough time and its public health infrastructure is being strained because of budget constraints and debt problems, it's especially important that we're responsive to the millions of American citizens who live there," the president said. "And keep in mind that there's a lot of travel back and forth between Puerto Rico and the continental United States. So this is not something that, ultimately, may end up just being isolated there."