He punted with a broader answer: “My views are that Russia meddled in or interfered with active measures in 2016, they interfered in 2018, they will attempt to do so in 2020. They have a goal of sowing discord and they have been successful in sowing discord.”
But the fact that Russia's hacking and disinformation operation is still being asked as a question that could be disputed by Trump's national security nominees highlights a jarring reality more than three years into the Trump administration: That the president himself has never fully embraced the intelligence community’s conclusions about 2016 interference. Trump has also promoted conspiracy theories and unfounded claims that Ukraine was actually behind hacks at the Clinton campaign and the Democratic National Committee that upended the election.
This has also kept Russia an issue of public debate even as the months tick down to the 2020 contest during which intelligence, law enforcement and Department of Homeland Security officials have all said Moscow is determined to interfere again along with other U.S. adversaries.
And this makes it an especially pivotal question for Ratcliffe, who must win over Senate lawmakers despite accusations he’s overly partisan and underqualified for the spymaster post – but as a not-yet-confirmed nominee is unlikely to want to appear to put too much daylight between his public positions and those of the president.
Ratcliffe joined a chorus of previous Trump nominees who had to answer the Russian interference question at their confirmation hearings.
Nielsen and several other nominees also refused to directly back the conclusion that Russia was trying to help Trump — the element of the intelligence community’s conclusion that seems to most irk the president.
That conclusion was affirmed by special counsel Robert S. Mueller III and by a unanimous bipartisan report from Senate Intelligence Committee last month. But it was rejected by a Republicans-only report from the House Intelligence Committee released in 2018. Democrats reopened the House investigation after taking control of the body in the 2018 midterm elections.
Ratcliffe, at his hearing, said he had “no reason to dispute” the conclusions of either congressional committee and “[has] not seen the underlying intelligence to tell me why there is a difference of opinion.”
The committee’s vice chairman, Mark Warner (D-Va.), bashed that answer and said it could undermine efforts to defend the 2020 contest.
“Respectfully, to me, to make that kind of assessment and decide how we're going to prevent Russia's further interference in 2020, if they had a clear preference for one candidate over another, that would just also alter how we counter those efforts,” he said.
That was one of numerous tense exchanges between Ratcliffe and Democrats who fear the lawmaker won’t act independently from Trump.
Ratcliffe tried to quell those fears that he won't be able to break from the highly partisan positions he held as a lawmaker, as Shane Harris and Ellen Nakashima report, pledging: “Regardless of what anyone wants our intelligence to reflect, the intelligence I will provide if confirmed will not be altered or impacted by outside influence.”
Ratcliffe also contradicted Trump’s statement last year that the intelligence community had “run amok” and needed to be “rein[ed] in.”
“I don’t think the men and women of the intelligence agencies are running amok,” he said.
Ratcliffe has little background in intelligence other than joining the House Intelligence Committee in 2019. But many senators who opposed his nomination when Trump first floated it this summer have become more eager to confirm him to replace acting DNI Richard Grenell, who is an outspoken Trump loyalist, Shane and Ellen report.
Ratcliffe does have some background in cybersecurity, having served as chairman of a House Homeland Security Committee panel focused on the government’s digital protections.
Ratcliffe also made several other concessions to allay Democratic concerns during the hearing.
- That he has no intention of making changes to an election security team based inside the DNI’s office.
- To declassify as quickly as possible the fifth and final volume of the Senate Intelligence Committee’s investigation into Russian election interference, which will focus on any links between Russia and the Trump campaign.
- To hold an annual hearing on global threats that has not yet been scheduled for this year and that Democrats feared might be skipped.
More than 800 public health experts are urging Congress to expand vote-by-mail funding.
“The right to vote is an essential element of our democracy and Americans should not have to choose between their rights of citizenship and their own health,” the experts say in a letter released by the left-leaning think tank Center for American Progress.
The letter backs a push by Sens. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) and Christopher A. Coons (D-Del.) for Congress to include $4 billion in the next round of coronavirus relief for states to ensure universal access to voting by mail and safe in-person voting in November. The lawmakers point to the Wisconsin primary, where voters were forced to wait in blocks-long lines to vote after legislators blocked the governor's effort to delay the election, as evidence for the need for safer voting options.
“Many of us in public health looked on with horror as thousands of people in Wisconsin were forced to choose between exercising their right to vote and staying home to protect themselves from exposure to the new coronavirus,” the letter states.
Justice Department officials, meanwhile, are concerned a surge in mail-in voting could create disinformation opportunities for U.S. adversaries, the Associated Press reports.
“Is it possible, in particular for a foreign actor, to cause enough mischief in the vote-by-mail process to raise a question in the minds of Americans, particularly Americans perhaps whose candidate has lost, that somehow the result of this election is unfair?” Assistant Attorney General John Demers said.
Facebook announced it took down hundreds of fake Iranian social media accounts targeting U.S. voters.
Many of the accounts had low numbers of followers but used the same kinds of content as other Iranian networks Facebook has taken down in the past, the company said. Some of the pages, which were run by Iran's state broadcaster, were active as far back as the 2012 Republican primaries, researchers at the firm Graphika found.
Ben Nimmo, director of investigations at Graphika:
Facebook also took down two U.S. networks linked to the Q-Anon fringe conspiracy theory and white-supremacist websites VDare and Unz Review. QAnon promotes a conspiracy theory about a deep state that seeks to overthrow Trump and has pushed conspiracies that Bill Gates and 5G networks caused the coronavirus outbreak. VDare and Unz promote content with anti-Semitic and anti-Asian themes.
Facebook discovered the networks while investigating suspected inauthentic coordinated behavior ahead of the 2020 elections.
The takedowns show that domestic actors are learning from foreign influence campaigns, says Nathaniel Gleicher, head of security policy at Facebook.
Highly sophisticated hackers are targeting coronavirus responders, the top U.S and U.K. cybersecurity agencies warn.
Hospitals, pharmaceutical companies and university medical researchers are all being targeted by “advanced persistent threat” groups, a term that typically describes groups backed by a government, the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency and the U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre warned in a joint alert.
The alert doesn’t name the nations that might be behind the attacks but warns they may be seeking “intelligence on national and international health care policy [and] sensitive data on covid-19-related research.”
Britain’s foreign minister, Dominic Raab, described the cyberattacks as “particularly dangerous and venal” in a media call reported by Reuters and warned they could go on for months.
Email addresses for executives at the 20 largest pharmaceutical companies are exposed on forums for hackers, a study finds.
Among the approximately 120 executives whose emails were available on the shady websites, about half also had passwords exposed, according to cybersecurity protection platform BlackCloak.
It’s unclear how many of the email and password combinations are still being used by the executives. But the finding could create serious vulnerabilities as the companies race to respond to the coronavirus pandemic, BlackCloak founder Chris Pierson said.
Hackers are also using fake web domains that mimic coronavirus information pages from top retailers to try to steal consumers' personal and financial information, another study finds.
The retailers include Walmart and Costco, threat intelligence researchers at Mimecast found.
More news on the virus and security:
Instacart quickly patched a vulnerability that would have allowed hackers to send text messages pretending to be the company.
Researchers at Tenable first discovered the vulnerability, which was patched on May 1. There is no evidence hackers exploited the bug, which they could have used to dupe recipients into downloading malware.
More news about hacks and breaches:
Hackers attacked Taiwan's state-owned energy company.
The attack didn't disrupt energy production but did temporarily knock down payment systems, CyberScoop reports.
Could coronavirus cancel this year's DefCon, one of the cybersecurity community’s largest annual conferences? Cybersecurity journalist Kim Zetter asked roughly 1,000 Twitter users and a majority said they would skip the conference if it's held in August and in person in Las Vegas as usual.
- The Cyberspace Solarium Commission will host a virtual forum on Friday from 11 a.m. to 12 p.m.
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Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.) on May 5 slammed Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) for inaction on additional coronavirus relief.