Here we are again.

On Wednesday, California filed another lawsuit against the Trump administration — this time concerning the repeal of an Obama-era rule regulating hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," on publicly owned lands. A coalition of environmental and tribal groups also sued this week to block the rollback of the fracking rule, which the Trump administration finalized on Dec. 29.

“The risks of fracking to our health and our environment are real,” Xavier Becerra said at a news conference Wednesday on the anniversary of his first year since becoming California’s attorney general.

And what a busy year it has been for the former Democratic congressman and chairman of the House Democratic Caucus. In 2017, California challenged the Trump administration in court at nearly every turn. With this latest fracking suit added to the list, California has sued the administration 26 times, according to the office of the attorney general.

That's a dizzying pace of a new lawsuit every two weeks. While New York, Massachusetts, Maryland, Washington, Vermont, Oregon, New Mexico, and Connecticut have also challenged the Trump administration's environmental deregulation proposals in court, California has filed the most lawsuits to date, according to the State Energy and Environmental Impact Center, which helps coordinate the efforts of state attorneys general.

California has left few federal agencies unchallenged. The state has sued, to list just a few issues, over immigration enforcement, Trump's proposed ban on transgender individuals serving in the military, the Affordable Care Act, birth control and student loan protections. It's a testament to the tempo at which the Trump administration is rolling back Obama-era rules — and to the tenacity with which California along with other Democratic-controlled states are resisting the changes.

So far, Becerra's office has secured 10 legal victories. Most of that success has come in the environmental arena -- of those wins, six of them concern environmental issues. They include the rollback of rules meant to curb methane leaks from oil and gas wells and to make cars burn fuel more efficiently.

According to Michael Gerrard, an environmental law professor at Columbia Law School, “a major reason why states are having such success in court” on environmental issues is that the “Supreme Court has held that each state has such an interest in its own environment that it may have standing to sue in some cases where others might not.”

Indeed, in California alone, the Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the Interior Department, oversees 600 oil- and gas-producing leases on federal or tribal lands, covering more than 200,000 acres.

Of course, as Trump's Environmental Protection Agency chief Scott Pruitt knows well, oil- and gas-producing states have an interest in their economic well-being as well, and often filed lawsuits against the Obama administration over environmental regulations, too. As the attorney general of Oklahoma, Pruitt sued the agency he now runs 14 times.

Pruitt scored some significant wins, including putting on hold a major water-pollution regulation in 2015. But the grounds on which California and other blue states are challenging Trump may be firmer. “It just so happens that Democrats want something that is more consistent with the existing environmental statutes,” said David Spence, a law professor at the University of Texas at Austin. 

Under the 2015 rule issued by the Interior Department, companies that drill on public or Native American lands were subject to stricter standards for oil and gas wells, and for ponds and tanks where toxic wastewater resulting from the fracking process is stored. With the rule, the Obama administration also sought to compel oil and gas firms to report what chemicals they use when they fracked

Still, some of California's victories may be fleeting. In October, for example, a federal judge ordered the government to enforce the rule regulating the leaking of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, from natural gas wells on federal land while Interior was in the process of mapping a strategy for rescinding the rule.

That was a victory for California, technically. But two months later, the Trump administration reissued a rule to “temporarily suspend or delay” the old one. California sued again.

“Some of the states' victories occur when the Trump administration didn't follow the right procedures,” Gerrard said. “Those victories are temporary -- the administration can go back and do it right the second time. In other cases, the administration acted contrary to a congressional statute --  those victories are durable, at least unless Congress repeals the statute.”


— Senate Republicans are condemning Trump's solar tariff, a controversial protectionist move by the administration marking one of the most significant policies making good on his "America First" rhetoric since the president was elected. Via The Post's Erica Werner, Heather Long and David J. Lynch:

  • Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.): "I don’t agree with it. I think it’s a bad path to head down." 
  • Sen. Mike Rounds (R-S.D.) “I understand what the administration’s trying to do — they’re trying to send a message. And at the same time, we want them to be very careful in terms of causing problems for organizations that are trying to do business in the United States who might still get hit with tariffs on their products."

And like a lot of people in the energy sector, the lawmakers are worried about Trump pulling out of NAFTA next:

  • Sen. James E. Risch (R-Idaho): "There’s a lot of us that come from states that are big beneficiaries of NAFTA, as an example, and it’s important that we have a NAFTA or NAFTA-like agreement, and the president understands that."
  • Sen. John Thune (R-S.D.): "I think withdrawing from NAFTA would be a disaster."

— Koch Bros. smack gas tax: In a letter this week, Freedom Partners and Americans for Prosperity, two groups backed by billionaire industrialists Charles and David Koch, petitioned the Trump administration not to back a gas tax to fund infrastructure spending, arguing it would "undermine the benefits of recent tax-cut legislation." The letter is icing on the cake: GOP leaders in Congress rejected an increase on the federal tax on gasoline after Trump flirted with the idea.

— Democrats dare Zinke: The interior secretary distinguished himself from his Republican colleagues when he served in the House by opposing the sale or transfer of public lands to private interests. So on Wednesday, a group of Senate Democrats, led by Sen. Tom Udall of New Mexico, challenged Zinke to turn that position into official Interior Department policy, and issue a regulation codifying it.

"We, like you, are committed to retaining ownership of federal lands for the use and enjoyment of all Americans," the Democrats wrote in a letter sent this month.

— Zinke’s Sunshine State burn: Democrats on the House Natural Resources Committee are calling for a hearing to get answers to why Zinke summarily exempted Florida (at the behest of its GOP Gov. Rick Scott, who may run for Senate this year) from his department's offshore oil drilling proposal.

“The American people, and in particular the people of Florida, are rightly confused about the current situation with the 5-year program,” the letter to Chairman Rob Bishop (R-Utah) reads. “We therefore respectfully request that you schedule at the earliest possible opportunity a full committee oversight hearing on this issue and insist that [Zinke] himself appear before the committee." Full letter below:

There's more: A bipartisan group of Florida lawmakers want answers from Zinke on the state's exemption.

The letter is signed by 22 of the 27 members of the House from the state, as well as Sens. Bill Nelson (D-Fla.) and Marco Rubio (R-Fla.). It asks Zinke to address the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Acting Director Walter Cruickshank’s recent statement before the Natural Resources Committee that Florida’s coasts are still under consideration for opening up to drilling. "We object to any efforts to open the eastern Gulf of Mexico to drilling, and we urge you to remove this area from the five-year plan immediately," the letter reads.

— Acting Park Service head takes a hike: Zinke announced Wednesday he had appointed Paul Daniel Smith as the acting director of the National Park Service, replacing Michael Reynolds, who was named the superintendent of Yosemite National Park in California. The National Park Service still has no permanent director as the president hasn't yet nominated anybody to the job. 

As The Post’s Darryl Fears reported this month, Smith improperly helped the owner of the Washington Redskins cut down more than 130 trees near his property. Reynolds was also the official that the president pressured to uncover proof to support the claims of his inauguration crowd size.

—  Davos debrief:

  • In a special address on Wednesday, French President Emmanuel Macron subtly jabbed at Trump ahead of the president's appearance at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. “When you look outside, especially arriving in this building, I mean it could be hard to believe in global warming,” he joked. “Obviously and fortunately you didn’t invite anybody skeptical with global warming this year.” He also noted he believed the world is “losing the battle” against climate change. (For special coverage, sign up for my colleague Tory Newmyer's newsletter, The Finance 202. Tory is on the ground for Trump's visit).
  • Energy Secretary Rick Perry said the United States is exporting freedom: in the form of natural gas: “Here’s what I try to share with all of our allies and for all of the audience here at Davos. The United States is not just exporting energy, we’re exporting freedom. We’re exporting to our allies in Europe the opportunity to truly have a choice of where you buy your energy from. That’s freedom and that kind of freedom is priceless," he told Fox Business on Wednesday. Watch his interview below:
  • Perry also signaled to world leaders the United States will rely on fossil fuels in the long term, per the Washington Examiner. “We are blessed to be in countries with a substantial ability to deliver the people of the globe a better quality of life through fossil fuels,” he said.
  • Saudi energy minister Khalid Al-Falih said the public offering for the state oil company Saudi Aramco is on track, probably for this year. “We hope that 2018 will be the right time but ultimately we have to make sure the market is ready,” said during a Wednesday panel, per the National. “We’re ready for the listing but we have to be sure the market is ready, that the time is right, and we will calibrate that as we get closer.”
  • America’s Pledge, which is co-chaired by California Gov. Jerry Brown (D) and former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, launched a digital ad Wednesday targeting the Trump administration on climate issues. The spot is running online and in social media in Davos ahead of the president’s appearance. “South Korea and North Korea don’t agree on much. Neither do Iran and Israel. And India and Pakistan rarely see eye to eye. But they all agree on one thing: The Paris agreement on climate,” the ad begins.

— Avalanches made worse by the changing climate: The New York Times debriefs on an analysis of two avalanches in western Tibet in 2016, one of which led to the death of nine people. “Glaciologists hadn’t quite believed that glaciers could behave this way, and suddenly they had witnessed two similar collapses in a year. An analysis of the events, published this week in the journal Nature Geoscience, found that climate change was the culprit in both collapses."


— While the burn from Trump's solar tariff decision still stings, the solar industry is being offered a balm from the Energy Department. On Wednesday, the department announced a $3 million prize to boost solar manufacturing. From the Houston Chronicle: "With manufacturers in China and southeast Asia now dominating the global market, U.S. manufacturers have a long way to go to catch up." Still, $3 million is unlikely to make up for the 23,000 installers, engineers and project managers the solar industry estimates will lose their jobs due to the tariff.

— Robots are helping the solar industry: A year after First Solar laid off hundreds of workers and rebuilt and remodeled a factory in Toledo, the space has been reborn. Its now fully automated operation produces “hundreds of solar panels for a fraction of what it costs rivals to make them. The secret: supersize panels made with cadmium telluride, an energy-absorbing metal compound that First Solar engineers figured out how to spray on glass sheets in a thin film … Its success upended the business of solar panel production even before the Trump administration announced tariffs on overseas solar hardware on Jan. 22,” Bloomberg Businessweek reports.

Wind and solar energy may have come too far for even a pro-fossil-fuel administration to stuff back into the barrel.
Transportation safety investigators are probing the accident on Interstate 405 in Southern California.
Cleve R. Wootson Jr.


  • Politico holds an event on “Driverless Cars: Who’s Making Sure They’re Safe."
  • Wilson Center holds a discussion on “A World Without NAFTA?"
  • The American Wind Energy Association holds its Southeast Wind Conference in Atlanta, Ga.

Coming Up

  • Brookings Institution holds a live webcast with OIRA administrator Neomi Rao on “What’s next for Trump’s regulatory agenda” on Friday.
  • The Society of Environmental Journalists, George Mason University and the Wilson Center host an event to launch the annual report on: “The Journalists' Guide to Energy and Environment" on Friday.
  • EPA chief Scott Pruitt is scheduled to testify before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee on Jan. 30.
  • FERC Commissioner Neil Chatterjee is scheduled to speak at the 31st annual Power and Gas M&A Symposium on Feb. 1.  

Researchers have cloned the first primates from monkey tissue cells: