Hours after House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.), the self-styled deficit warrior, announced his retirement yesterday, the Treasury Department reported collecting nearly $600 billion less than it spent in the first half of the fiscal year — an imbalance that swelled 14 percent over the same period the year before.  

The report was the latest in an armada of red flags flying over the country's troubled fiscal outlook. Just this week, the Congressional Budget Office said trillion-dollar deficits are on course to return as soon as 2020. By 2023, the federal government will shell out more just to service the interest on the national debt than on all military spending — an expense that’s set to triple over the next decade. “Whatever the fix is going to be, it needs to be something that’s pretty big,” CBO Director Keith Hall warned the Senate Budget Committee on Wednesday. 

This scary math is a cornerstone of Ryan’s legacy. At a time when healthy economic growth and low unemployment suggest policymakers should pay down outstanding bills, Ryan’s GOP instead charged a $1.5 trillion tax cut to the nation’s credit card. In February, the Republican-controlled Congress followed up by approving a $1.3 trillion spending package that busted budget caps Ryan helped engineer seven years ago. 

Ryan yesterday pointed to both measures as among his proudest achievements, calling them “lasting victories that will make this country more prosperous and more secure for decades to come.” That they both exacerbate a tide of red ink that Ryan, under a Democratic president, frequently labeled an imminent economic crisis highlights a shifting standard on his signature issue. 

“Fiscal issues have long been Ryan’s focus ... and it’s there that his failure to deliver looks most glaring, given years of promises and budget proposals aimed at slashing spending and reining in entitlements,” The Washington Post’s Erica Werner writes. “Ryan acknowledged Wednesday that ‘more work needs to be done. And it really is entitlements.’ But he added that he was proud that the House had passed what he described as ‘the biggest entitlement reform bill ever considered in the House of Representatives,’ a reference to legislation repealing the Affordable Care Act and remaking the Medicaid program.” That measure, of course, failed in the Senate in dramatic fashion last summer. 

 The Post’s Damian Paletta put a sharper point on the Wisconsin Republican’s fiscal record: 

Indeed, the rise in federal spending amid declining joblessness represents a historical aberration, as this January chart from Goldman Sachs economists shows: 

Economists for the bank wrote the adrenaline shot from the tax and spending measures cast fiscal policy into “uncharted territory.” “Congress has voted twice in the past two months to substantially expand the budget deficit despite an already elevated debt level and an economy that shows no need for additional fiscal stimulus,” they wrote.

In the immediate term, the deficit poses little apparent threat. Demand for U.S. debt remains healthy even as the federal government issues more of it to finance its higher spending. And the CBO projects that economic growth will continue picking up steam, reaching 3.3 percent this year. 

But the agency warned growth would begin trailing off thereafter amid rising inflation and interest rates. Federal Reserve officials bore that out in their March meeting, the minutes of which the central bank released Wednesday: They debated the possibility of an overheating economy and the potential need to raise interest rates faster to cool it off.

And the spending that’s juicing growth now means policymakers have fewer options to meet other needs later, like rebuilding infrastructure, funding disaster relief or addressing a recession. “Higher debt loads are associated with slower economic growth for lots of reasons, including that they disrupt the political discussion,” said Vincent Reinhart, chief economist at BNY Mellon AMNA. 

Ryan drove the discussion that brought us here. At this time last year, he was working to build support for a border-adjustment tax, which would have generated more than $1 trillion to offset a deep cut to the corporate tax rate. That push collapsed over the summer amid fierce lobbying resistance by the Koch network, big box retailers and others.

But rather than finding another source of revenue of the same scale or trimming the ambitions of the overall effort accordingly, Ryan led fellow House Republicans in passing a deficit-busting tax package — a move the party has defended by asserting extra economic growth would cover the cost. 

The CBO report this week blew up that claim, projecting the package, all told, will add $1.9 trillion to the debt over the next decade. Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.)  said if that prediction bears out, his vote for the measure “could well be one of the worst votes I’ve made.”

Ryan expresses no such remorse.


War threat rattles markets. CNN Money's Matt Egan: "First it was trade wars, now it's real wars. The Dow dropped 219 points on Wednesday on concerns about President Trump's threats to Russia about an airstrike in Syria. Trump warned Russia in a tweet that it should 'get ready,' because bombings 'are coming' to Syria. The S&P 500 and Nasdaq fell about 0.5% apiece... Worries about a conflict in the Middle East rattled the oil market as well. Crude oil prices jumped 2% and topped $67 per barrel for the first time since late 2014. The jump reflected concerns about Syria and a report from Saudi Arabia that it had intercepted missiles headed toward its capital."



A rockier Day Two. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg confronted a tougher crowd on the House side in his second day of congressional testimony. The Post's Tony Romm: "For five hours, Democrats and Republicans on the House Energy and Commerce Committee took turns swiping at Zuckerberg, holding him to 'yes' and 'no' questions and frequently cutting him off -- a tactic that at times appeared to frustrate the Facebook co-founder.

"At one point in the hearing, Zuckerberg acknowledged that his own data had been accessed by Cambridge Analytica. Even as he apologized for the mishap and other recent troubles at Facebook, however, lawmakers repeatedly expressed doubt that the social giant could fix its troubles on its own – and threatened to regulate the company and its tech industry peers."

Here's a transcript

Admits data collection of non-users. Bloomberg's Sarah Frier and Todd Shields: "Zuckerberg... said Facebook collects information on consumers who aren’t registered as users, acknowledging something that’s been reported but not publicly spelled out by the company. 'In general we collect data on people who are not signed up for Facebook for security purposes,' Zuckerberg said."

Unregulated days may be numbered. WSJ's Greg Ip: " ... despite [Zuckerberg’s] latest apologies, the company has little economic incentive to change its ways. Its business is to sell its users’ attention to advertisers and thus it must keep pushing the boundaries on privacy, while the paucity of competition limits the consequences if it goes too far. If policy makers want to change that calculus—a big if—they will either have to enact tougher regulation, or use antitrust authority to nurture more competition."

Google next? The Post's Drew Harwell: "The quiet fear among the nation's tech elite... has been that extra attention on Facebook will reflect on everyone — Google, perhaps, most of all. Those tremors could threaten the tech behemoth’s invincibility. Asked Monday whether he would like to see Google executives testify, Sen. Bill Nelson (D-Fla.) said: 'Absolutely. Because it's not just Facebook. [Zuckerberg] happens to be the point of the spear. But all these other apps and sites that get your personal data, that’s another way of us losing our privacy.'"

The Post's Tony Romm: 

NYT's Kevin Roose: 


Succession scramble. The Post's Mike DeBonis: "Ryan’s departure would appear to clear the way for lower-ranking GOP leaders, including Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (Calif.) and Majority Whip Steve Scalise (La.), to move up the ladder. But key uncertainties, starting with whether Republicans will be able to maintain their House majority, could keep the race unsettled for months... It could be months before the derby truly takes shape. One big unknown is what exactly the House Republican Conference will look like come January 2019: At least 38 serving GOP members will not return next year, and dozens more incumbents are at risk of losing their seats."

Meadows: Not me. Politico's Cristiano Lima: "House Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows said Wednesday that congressional GOP leadership roles are 'not on my bucket list,' after news broke that [Ryan] will not seek re-election. The North Carolina lawmaker told reporters on Capitol Hill that he has given 'zero consideration' to running to replace Ryan, weighing in on a race expected to send congressional Republicans scrambling to fill the slot."

Ryan pledges Dodd-Frank rollback. Politico's Zachary Warmbrodt: "Ryan on Wednesday pledged to scale back the 2010 Dodd-Frank law in his remaining months in Congress. The House is considering legislation passed by the Senate that would roll back a variety of banking regulations. 'We ran on an agenda in 2016 and we've been executing that agenda,' he said in an interview with Fox News. 'We're two-thirds of the way through getting it done into law, even within the Senate as slow as they are. We're going to be repealing and replacing Dodd-Frank. So we're getting a great deal done for the country.'"



Trump eyes ag bailout. The Post's Damian Paletta: "Trump is considering a Depression-era program to help bail out American farmers hurt by the trade dispute with China, two people familiar with the process said. Trump’s aides are looking at ways to use the Commodity Credit Corporation, a division of the Agriculture Department that was created in 1933 to offer a financial backstop for farmers. But while the White House is considering the idea as a way to protect farmers if China slaps tariffs on U.S. agricultural products, some GOP lawmakers have told the administration that the approach will not work. The program, the lawmakers say, will not be able to provide the needed relief to farmers, and using it will further inflame trade tensions with China."

China: Not blinking. WSJ: "A Chinese government spokesman denied that recently announced policy changes constitute concessions to the Trump administration in the countries’ trade fight. A Commerce Ministry spokesman said Thursday that the new measures announced by President Xi Jinping 'have nothing to do with the trade disputes with the U.S.' The spokesman, Gao Feng, told reporters that the Chinese government is opening the economy 'at its own pace, in its own direction, which is already fixed.' ... The Commerce Ministry’s Mr. Gao reiterated Beijing’s position that no talks are taking place and that China won’t engage in them under U.S. threats. 'The U.S. lacks the sincerity for negotiations,' he said."

Business pushback. In a letter to the leaders of the House Ways and Means Committee today, the National Retail Federation, the Information Technology Industry Council and more than 100 other business and farm groups urge Congress to push back against the administration's tariff plan. From the letter: "While the tariffs are not yet in effect, the possibility of imposition of tariffs on billions of dollars of goods, the as-yet-undefined potential investment restrictions and threats of a potential trade war create unpredictability across the business and farm community here in the United States, depress commodity prices, and have already harmed U.S. companies, farmers, consumers, and markets... China’s potential retaliatory measures would likely have broad, cross-industry impact aimed at constraining current U.S. operations in country and impeding any new market entrants. With no clear strategy to aid those businesses, farms and workers impacted by the new tariffs, their livelihoods are at risk."


Eyes firing Rosenstein. Bloomberg: "Trump discussed firing Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein with White House aides on Wednesday, a person familiar with the matter said, as a chorus of Trump’s advisers and allies urged him to thwart the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 election. Egged on by some of his strongest supporters, Trump has taken an increasingly combative posture toward Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation after FBI agents descended on the office and home of his lawyer Michael Cohen on Monday. But he denied trying to dismiss Mueller last year in a Twitter posting Thursday."

Bannon's plan. The Post's Bob Costa: "Stephen K. Bannon, who was ousted as White House chief strategist last summer but has remained in touch with some members of... Trump’s circle, is pitching a plan to West Wing aides and congressional allies to cripple the federal probe into Russian interference in the 2016 election, according to four people familiar with the discussions. The first step, these people say, would be for Trump to fire ... Rosenstein... Bannon is also recommending the White House cease its cooperation with Mueller, reversing the policy of Trump’s legal team to provide information to the special counsel’s team and to allow staff members to sit for interviews. And he is telling associates inside and outside the administration that the president should create a new legal battleground to protect himself from the investigation by asserting executive privilege — and arguing that Mueller’s interviews with White House officials over the past year should now be null and void."

Protecting Mueller. The Post's Karoun Demirjian: "The Senate Judiciary Committee is expected to vote April 26 on a bipartisan bill to prevent the undue firing of special counsels such as... Mueller as lawmakers warn the president against taking steps to stymie Mueller’s ongoing probe of alleged ties between Trump affiliates and the Russian government. Panel Chairman Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) asked committee ranking Democrat Dianne Feinstein (Calif.) to endorse plans to swiftly schedule the bill for committee consideration mere hours after Sens. Thom Tillis (R-N.C.), Christopher A. Coons (D-Del.), Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) and Cory Booker (D-N.J.) announced that they had completed work on a long-awaited compromise between two bills to protect the special counsel."


Mulvaney on defense. The Post's Renae Merle: "Mick Mulvaney defended his leadership of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau — an agency he once called a 'joke' — in front of a House committee Wednesday, dismissing criticism from Democratic lawmakers that he was weakening the watchdog agency. The four-hour-long hearing of the House Financial Services Committee was marked by partisan bickering about the Trump administration’s takeover of the CFPB, including the revelation that Mulvaney had spent more than $3,000 to frost the glass around his and other offices. Republicans repeatedly questioned whether the CFPB had so much power that Mulvaney could legally ignore their questions, while Democrats refused to even concede that Mulvaney was the agency’s legal acting director."

Warren showdown today. Politico's Katy O'Donnell: "In a moment four months in the making, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) on Thursday will get her first face-to-face crack at the man accused of dismantling her brainchild in what's likely to be an intensely personal showdown... Mulvaney’s hearing at the Senate Banking Committee will be his second Hill appearance of the week... Warren and Mulvaney have already gone after each other with a flurry of increasingly nasty letters, op-eds and speeches since Mulvaney’s late-November appointment."

Fed disappoints banks. WSJ's Aaron Back: "Big Wall Street banks like Goldman Sachs GS -1.41% and Morgan Stanley won’t get the relaxation of capital requirements that they hoped for under the Trump administration.That is the key takeaway from proposed changes to the annual stress test process announced by the Federal Reserve Tuesday. These tests are crucial to bank investors because they determine how much capital banks must hold, and how much they can pay out to shareholders in dividends and buybacks."

SEC's crypto crackdown. Fox Business's Charles Gasparino: "The Securities and Exchange Commission has launched a massive crackdown on alleged fraud in the cryptocurrency business that could result in dozens of enforcement actions against companies and individuals in the next year over the sale and promotion of this burgeoning and under-regulated industry... The SEC crackdown largely focuses on so-called initial coin offerings, or ICOs, in which startups raise capital through the sale of cryptocurrencies, and accept payment from investors in the form of other cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin... Since taking office, [SEC Chairman Jay] Clayton’s enforcement staff at the SEC has brought as many as nine cases involving cryptocurrency fraud, but people at the commission and securities lawyers familiar with the agency’s enforcement agenda said investigators are working on dozens more."

Crypto tax struggles. Bloomberg's Lily Katz and Lynnley Browning: "If you thought trading Bitcoin was wild, try figuring out how to pay taxes on it. Cryptocurrency investors are wrestling with spotty records, tangled blockchain addresses and rudimentary guidelines issued back in the ancient days of 2014. After last year’s boom in values, many people are likely disclosing transactions for the first time, adding to confusion. Digital-coin enthusiasts and tax professionals are 'freaking out' before next week’s filing deadline, said David Siegel, co-founder of a company that’s building a digital wallet for crypto investors."


Median CEO pay = $15.7 million. The Post's Jena McGregor: "CEO pay is up -- yet again. A booming stock market and bulging equity awards propelled the median 2017 compensation for CEOs of the 100 largest companies to the highest figure in 11 years, according to a new analysis. The report, released Wednesday by executive compensation and governance research firm Equilar, examines pay of the 100 largest public companies by revenue, and comes in advance of broader CEO pay rankings that typically arrive later in the spring and analyze the companies of the entire Standard & Poor's 500-stock index. While the median pay increase for CEOs was slightly lower than the year prior, at 5 percent instead of 6 percent, the median CEO pay package was valued at $15.7 million, the first time it notched above 2016's previous high of $15 million."

Paulson's billion-dollar tax bill. WSJ's Gregory Zuckerman: "John Paulson won fame after he made one of the greatest financial bets of all time. What comes next? One of the largest-ever personal tax bills. By April 17, the hedge-fund manager must make federal and state tax payments of about $1 billion, on top of roughly $500 million in taxes he paid late last year, said people close to the firm. That sum is so big it dwarfs the maximum amount the Internal Revenue Service will allow any single taxpayer to pay with a single check. (That’s $99,999,999, in case you’re wondering.) Mr. Paulson bet big against subprime mortgages ahead of last decade’s financial crisis, earning about $15 billion of profits for his funds and approximately $4 billion for himself. He deferred the bulk of the taxes on these profits, using a tax provision available at the time to hedge-fund managers, said the people close to the firm. Now the bill is due."

The International Monetary Fund says America isn't doing enough to help working women, and it will hurt the country's economy in the coming years.
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The Switch
This expert economist's testimony is key to the government's case.
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Halfway across the globe in about half an hour, Gwynne Shotwell says at TED.

From the Visual Capitalist, a spiral depicting the states most vulnerable to a trade war: 



  • The Senate Finance Committee holds a hearing on the 2018 tax season and future IRS challenges.
  • The Securities and Exchange Commission holds an event.
  • The House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Human Resources holds a hearing on jobs and opportunity.
  • The House Ways and Means Committee holds a hearing on the effects of tariff increases.
  • The Heritage Foundation holds an event on the tax provisions that expired in 2017.
  • The House Financial Services Subcommittee on Monetary Policy an Trade holds a hearing.
  • The House Financial Services Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations holds a hearing on oversight of the FHFA.

Coming Up

  • The American Action Forum holds an event on CFIUS reform onFriday.

From The Post's Ann Telnaes:


Flashback: House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.) did not always support Donald Trump's quest to the White House:

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg acknowledged in a House hearing that he created a website ‘FaceMash’ that ranked attractiveness of his classmates:

Zuckerberg believes artificial intelligence can stop identity theft on Facebook: