THE BIG IDEA: Donald Trump plots his second act. My colleagues Robert Costa, Philip Rucker and Dan Balz interviewed the real-estate mogul for an hour inside Trump Tower and got campaign manager Corey Lewandowski to outline in detail their theory of the case. Here are seven nuggets from their piece:

Trump is preparing his first television ads with a Florida media firm that is new to politics. Lewandowski says Trump’s team likely will spend considerably more than $20 million on paid media later this year – or “whatever it takes.” He said the ads would be “non-traditional,” saying the firm, which he and Trump declined to name, had never done political work. Trump has reportedly only spent about $2 million on his campaign, far less than his main rivals. He claimed he originally budgeted up to $20 million through mid-September for TV advertising but didn’t need to spend it because he was earning so much free media.

His wife and daughter will become more active surrogates. Melania and Ivanka are planning public appearances highlighting women’s health issues to help close Trump’s empathy gap with female voters. But asked if they shared his opposition to abortion, Trump demurred…

A campaign manifesto, to be called “Crippled America,” will be released later this month: It is central to Trump’s fall strategy. During the interview, Trump showed off the cover and held up pages of the galleys, which he was editing by hand. “It’s actually the hardest I’ve worked on a book since ‘The Art of the Deal,'” he said, referring to his 1987 bestseller. He promises to roll out policy proposals soon on trade, reforming the VA, and China’s currency manipulation.

The campaign is building an organization beyond the early states. Trump has between seven and 12 paid aides each in Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina, and he is hiring in Florida, Georgia, Tennessee and Texas. “One delegate or 2,000 and change, we’re going to the convention, and there’s nobody who can get him out of the race,” said Lewandowski.

Trump does not see the field winnowing for a while: “I think you’ll go past New Hampshire and you’ll have four or five people left.”

He says he’ll be more forceful in the third debate than he was in the last one: “I was angry about the second debate,” he said, complaining about the overheated room and that three hours was one hour too many. “You can’t hold people’s attention,” he said. “‘Gone with the Wind’ was three hours, okay?” Trump said that in the next face-off on Oct. 28 in Boulder, Colo., he will change tactics and insert himself more energetically into the conversation.

In case your desire for Trump news isn’t satiated, the Style section has a lengthy piece by Paul Schwartzman on how The Donald has left his mark all over New York City (and how many want to erase it). Read it here.

The Justice Department is set to free 6,000 inmates, the largest ever one-time release of federal prisoners. Sari Horwitz reports it’s part of an effort to reduce overcrowding and provide relief to drug offenders who received harsh sentences over the past three decades. The inmates will be set free between Oct. 30 and Nov. 2. About two-thirds of them will go to halfway houses and home confinement before being put on supervised release. About one-third are foreign citizens who will be quickly deported. A change in sentencing guidelines eventually could result in 46,000 of the nation’s approximately 100,000 drug offenders in federal prison qualifying for early release. The 6,000 figure is the first tranche in that process.

— First look: Mike Lee makes the conservative case for criminal justice reform today at the Heritage Foundation. The Utah senator, a former federal prosecutor who toppled an incumbent Republican in the 2010 tea party wave, has helped pull the conversation on the right in the direction of reform and away from knee-jerk, tough-on-crime reflexes. This afternoon, he’ll pitch critics on the bipartisan Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act that was finally unveiled last week. The bill, which he is cosponsoring and is one of the few big-ticket items that might pass in the final year of the Obama presidency, recalibrates prison sentences for certain drug offenders, targets violent criminals and grants judges greater discretion in sentencing lower-level drug crimes. Lee gave a well-received speech at the Koch donor conference last month and will elaborate on those themes today. Here are some highlights:

  • “Many on the Right are skeptical about calls for criminal justice reform. And in one sense, I can’t blame them. Listening to some of the rhetoric on the Left today, you’d think our criminal laws and penal system are not just in need of reform, but fundamentally – if not intentionally – unjust and discriminatory. And it’s not just the Left’s sweeping indictment of our system that’s unappealing to conservatives. Many of the so-called reforms offered by progressives seem more concerned with lowering the incarceration rate than lowering the actual crime rate. But, as criminal law scholar Stephanos Bibas puts it, ‘just because liberals are wrong does not mean the status quo is right.’”
  • More: “We have seen what happens when conservatives surrender an issue entirely to the Left – as we did for many years on poverty, and health care, and education. We know who paid the price for our failure to lead – the same struggling families, fraying communities, and at-risk kids who will continue to suffer if we do so again on criminal justice. If there is one thought I can leave with you today, it’s this: criminal justice reform doesn’t call on conservatives to compromise our principles, but to fight for them.” Watch the livestream here at 2:30 p.m.


— The Draft Biden super PAC announced that it will spend six figures running an ad on cable TV urging the vice president to get into the race. The spot was produced by Mark Putnam, who previously made ads for President Obama and worked on Joe Biden’s short-lived 1987 race. The commercial features Biden’s hushed voice during a commencement address at Yale University this year, talking about the car crash that killed his first wife and an infant daughter in a car accident. “The incredible bond I have with my children is the gift I’m not sure I would have had, had I not been through what I went through,” Biden says. “But by focusing on my sons, I found my redemption. Many people have gone through things like that.” Watch it here.

— The FBI’s probe of Hillary Clinton’s e-mail has expanded to a second private technology company, which says that it is cooperating and plans to provide agents with information it preserved from her account. “The additional data, provided by Connecticut-based Datto Inc., could open a new avenue for investigators interested in recovering e-mails deleted by the former secretary of state,” Tom Hamburger and Rosalind S. Helderman report. “Datto’s work on the Clinton e-mail system became public Tuesday when the Republican chairman of the Senate Homeland Security Committee (Ron Johnson) sent the company a lengthy letter seeking information about the role it and other firms played in managing the Clinton e-mail system. Datto was hired to provide backups for the Clinton e-mail accounts starting in May 2013 by Platte River Networks, the Colorado-based tech firm hired earlier that year by the Clinton family to manage the system after Hillary concluded her term as secretary. A Datto official said the FBI would receive a ‘node,’ a piece of hardware the company housed in Pennsylvania that allowed it to store data on its cloud.”

— Clinton’s chief of staff at the State Department twice forwarded information to the Clinton Foundation that was later deemed classified. Citizens United got the Cheryl Mills e-mails in a FOIA lawsuit and then provided them to Politico. She was forwarding internal information about Rwanda and the Congo to the philanthropic organization so that Bill would see it during a visit to Africa. The former president was also considering giving Rwandan President Paul Kagame a plenary role at the Clinton Global Initiative, according to the emails. “The classification specifically related to foreign government information and intelligence activities, sources or methods, according to the redaction labels,” Rachael Bade notes.

— State is prodding Hillary to turn over still missing e-mails: “The department has sent a letter to Clinton’s lawyer David Kendall, asking Clinton to search for and hand over any relevant emails that she has yet to give them,” CBS News reports. “The letter was filed in federal court Tuesday morning. So far, Clinton has handed over 55,000 pages of documents from March 18, 2009 through February 1, 2013. Clinton has said that prior to March 18, 2009, she used the email account that she used during her Senate service. However, the Obama administration has discovered an email chain between Clinton and retired Gen. David Petraeus that shows Clinton was using her private email account to conduct business by January 28, 2009.”

— In Florida, Trump is still crushing both Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio in a new Quinnipac poll that posted at 6 a.m. Donald gets 28 points, and Rubio edges out Bush by 2 points (14-12, which is within the margin of error). With this in mind, it is not surprising that Jeb kicked off a three-day Iowa swing with a Des Moines Register op-ed that implicitly criticized Trump and Rubio: “We are not going to fix a dysfunctional Washington, D.C., by electing a celebrity entertainer or D.C. senator who is either part of the problem or has proven incapable of fixing it.”

Clinton leads among Sunshine State Democrats with 23 percent, while Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden are tied at 19 percent. With Pennsylvania Democrats, Hillary dropped 9 points to 36 percent, with Biden closing in at 19 percent and Sanders at 19 percent, compared to August. In the general election, the survey pegs Carson and Biden as the optimal nominees at this point (they have not been attacked relentlessly for months on end). In Florida, Biden beats Carson, 45 to 42 percent; in Ohio, Carson beats Biden, 46 to 42 percent; and in Pennsylvania, Carson beats Biden, 47 to 42 percent.

The Nobel Prize for chemistry was awarded this morning to three guys focused on how DNA repairs itself. The winners are American Paul Modrich; Turkish and U.S. citizen Aziz Sancar, who is based here; and Tomas Lindahl, a Swede who is working in Britain.

— The baseball playoffs got underway in New York, where the Astros beat the Yankees 3-0 in a wild card game. That means Houston advances to face Kansas City in the American League division series.

Texas executed Juan Martin Garcia, more than 15 years after he was convicted and sentenced to death for robbing a man of $8 and killing him. Garcia, 35, was the 11th person executed by the Lone Star State this year. Texas has three more scheduled before the end of 2015.

— The Supreme Court may dramatically curtail, or even end, the death penalty this term. Today the justices will hear oral arguments in one key Kansas appeal. “In the weeks ahead, the court is set to hear arguments over the constitutionality of capital sentences in Florida, Georgia, Kansas and Pennsylvania,” the Wall Street Journal notes. “The focus on execution issues follows a 5-4 ruling last term involving a sedative used for lethal injections. The split exposed a growing rift at the court over the death penalty, with a dissent by Justice Stephen Breyer for the first time suggesting at least two current justices believe executions violate the Constitution.”


  1. The intelligence office of the U.S. Capitol Police warned all 1,800 officers last month of a potential for violence this weekend when the Nation of Islam stages a rally on the Mall to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Million Man March. (Wesley Lowery and Hamil R. Harris)
  2. “Authorities working with the FBI have interrupted four attempts in the past five years by gangs with suspected Russian connections that sought to sell radioactive material to Middle Eastern extremists,” the Associated Press reports from Moldova in an alarming story. “The latest known case came in February this year, when a smuggler offered a huge cache of deadly cesium and specifically sought a buyer from the Islamic State group.”
  3. The European Court of Justice struck down a transatlantic agreement that enables companies to transfer data from Europe to the United States, finding that European data is not sufficiently protected in the United States. The ruling affects more than 4,400 companies that rely on the program and could hurt U.S. intelligence gathering. (Ellen Nakashima)
  4. Gen. John Campbell, who commands U.S. and allied forces in Afghanistan, said the gunship that struck a hospital run by Doctors Without Borders in Kunduz acted in response to a request from Afghan troops facing a Taliban attack. He said they did not intend to strike a hospital. (Missy Ryan and Tim Craig)
  5. Russia and the United States have tentatively agreed to resume talks on how to prevent conflicts between their warplanes in the skies over Syria. (Craig Whitlock and Brian Murphy)
  6. Lockheed is talking about putting a LASER weapon on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. (Defense One)
  7. Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara charged a former president of the United Nations General Assembly, a billionaire Macau real estate developer, and four others with engaging in a wide-ranging corruption scheme. (Reuters)
  8. The U.S. trade deficit jumped sharply in August as exports fell to the lowest level in nearly three years while imports increased, led by a surge in shipments of cellphones from China. (AP)
  9. The Senate voted 73-26 to limit debate on the NDAA, paving the way for Obama’s promised veto. That’s more than two-thirds, but there are not the votes for an override in the House.
  10. The House GOP will vote tonight to establish a “select committee” that will investigate the work of Planned Parenthood, per Mike DeBonis. Meanwhile, “heading off a potential constitutional clash, a federal judge ruled that anti-abortion activists can hand over unreleased undercover sting videos and outtakes subpoenaed by a House committee even though a court order remains in place barring those activists from releasing the materials publicly,” per Politico’s Josh Gerstein.
  11. LinkedIn will have to dole out $13 million after settling a class-action lawsuit for sending too many emails. (BuzzFeed)


  1. Ron Paul will be called as a prosecution witness at the trial of three top officials on his 2012 presidential campaign, set to begin next Tuesday in Des Moines. The ex-congressman is expected to testify he didn’t know of the secret payments from his campaign to an Iowa state senator and never would have approved. One of the three defendants is married to Paul’s granddaughter. (AP)
  2. Bobby Jindal contends that the Oregon shooter’s dad deserves some of the blame and called on him to apologize for being an absentee father. (Times-Picayune)
  3. Jimmy Carter has agreed to mediate a legal dispute between Martin Luther King Jr.’s children over the sale of family heirlooms. (Atlanta Journal Constitution)
  4. Fox News executives did not have the publicly-announced sitdown with Trump that was planned for last week. Since he ended his boycott, Fox’s Michael Clemente says the point is moot but added that “the door is always open.” (Erik Wemple)
  5. Bill de Blasio, the New York mayor, met secretly with Bernie Sanders in Brooklyn last month. (WSJ)
  6. California Gov. Jerry Brown signed one of the toughest pay equity laws in the nation, making it easier for women to sue over being paid less. Business hates it, but the left sees this as a model for something Hillary might be able to push through Congress if she wins. Brown also signed legislation to expand privacy protections to prevent paparazzi from flying drones over private property by changing the definition of a “physical invasion of privacy.” (Los Angeles Times)
  7. Hillary unveiled a long list of endorsements from Virginia, Minnesota and Colorado, including five senators (Tim Kaine, Mark Warner, Al Franken, Amy Klobuchar and Michael Bennet).
  8. Steven Rosenberg has been named Federal Employee of the Year. He is the chief of surgery at the National Cancer Institute, where he developed life-saving treatments for cancer patients, pioneered the use of the body’s immune system and genetically engineered anti-tumor cells to fight the disease. (Tom Fox)


Inside the mind of Trey Gowdy, the Republicans’ chief Benghazi prosecutor,” by Elise Viebeck: The Benghazi committee chair weighed in at length on the leadership fight (he is really, honestly not running), the mess in the Republican House and his irritation at Kevin McCarthy (a friend) at saying the Benghazi probe is meant to weaken Clinton. On McCarthy, he says: “Kevin is a friend, which makes the disappointment, frankly, even more bitter. If faith tells you to forgive somebody…” Gowdy trails off. “It’s tough…People should go by what we’ve done. How many people have we interviewed? How many of those people have been named Clinton?” As for the Draft Gowdy movement to run for majority leader: “I don’t have a background in mental health, so I wouldn’t have the right qualifications to lead right now.” And on Clinton’s Oct. 22 testimony before his panel: “What you’ll see on the 22nd is a very professional, fact-centric, more-than-fair hearing,” Gowdy said. “It’s just getting to the 22nd that’s the hard part.”

Supreme Court tells lawyers: Stand in line yourselves. You can’t pay others to hold a spot,” by Robert Barnes: “The court announced on its first day of the new term Monday something that previously had seemed unnecessary to spell out: ‘Only Bar members who actually intend to attend argument will be allowed in the line for the Bar section; ‘line standers’ will not be permitted.’ In other words, lawyers cannot pay someone to hold a spot for them when the court has a big argument — or even send one of the firm’s lowly associates. Line-standing has become big business in Washington, where companies supply a placeholder to, for instance, make sure a lobbyist gets into a congressional hearing. Increasingly, they have become part of the spectacle of a major Supreme Court hearing, where people pay up to $50 an hour to have someone secure one of several hundred spots in the grand marble chamber.”

— “Carson on Oregon shooting: ‘I would not just stand there and let him shoot me‘,” by Jose A. DelReal: “Carson attracted criticism Tuesday for appearing to suggest in an interview that the victims of last week’s tragic school shooting in Oregon should have acted more forcefully to prevent the attack. ‘I would not just stand there and let him shoot me,’ Carson said on ‘Fox and Friends’ Tuesday morning. ‘I would say, ‘Hey guys, everybody attack him. He may shoot me, but he can’t get us all.’ The neurosurgeon said much the same thing on his Facebook wall the previous night: “As a Doctor, I spent many a night pulling bullets out of bodies,” he wrote. “There is no doubt that this senseless violence is breathtaking – but I never saw a body with bullet holes that was more devastating than taking the right to arm ourselves away.”


— ZIGNAL VISUAL: Mentions of Carson spiked yesterday across all forms of media after the Oregon  comment. In all, our analytics partners at Zignal Labs tracked more than 57,000 mentions of the retired neurosurgeon on Twitter, print and broadcast media. That is more than any other GOP candidate except Trump. About 20 percent of those stories and Tweets also mentioned the Oregon comments. Here’s an hour-by-hour chart showing all Carson mentions over the last seven days:

And here is a word cloud tracking what people are saying:

–Pictures of the day:

Rep. Steve Scalise (R-La.) got a special birthday visit on Tuesday. “The face you make when your wife surprises you in DC for your 50th birthday!” he wrote:

Rep. Mark Takano (D-Calif.) took advantage of The Fix’s Trump hat creator to send this message:

First lady Michelle Obama guest starred on Doc McStuffins, the animated Disney show, in honor of Child Health Day:

— Tweets of the day:

Even the Capitol tour guides know Boehner stereotypes:

A Trump parody account trolled Bobby Jindal, who has been touting a rise in the polls:

Former Rep. John Dingell (D-Mich.) put it succinctly:

Ted Cruz counter-trolled Hillary Clinton after she sent all the Republican candidates a copy of her book, “Hard Choices”:

— Instagrams of the day:

Ben Carson supporters are photographing themselves holding “I am a Christian” signs, which the campaign then distributes via its own Instagram account:

Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.) captured the view from the bottom of a stairwell in Russell Senate Office Building:

Martin O’Malley’s campaign is going for the bro vote. “Never miss gym time. Never miss debate prep,” he wrote on Snapchat. Reporters can roll their eyes, but they’ll all mention the workout regimen in their curtain-raisers ahead of next Tuesday’s Democratic debate.


— New York Times, “Hillary Clinton approaches debate, and Bernie Sanders, with caution,” by Maggie Haberman: “For months, Mrs. Clinton has gingerly approached Mr. Sanders…She has seldom mentioned his name, let alone criticized him…Over the next week, Mrs. Clinton and her aides will look for the best way to explain to viewers why she is a better choice than her nearest rival without sounding condescending to Mr. Sanders, or dismissive of his views, so she does not risk alienating his growing army of supporters. ‘I’ve seen every attack people have thrown at him, and none of them have worked,’ cautioned Howard Dean, the former governor of Vermont, who supports Mrs. Clinton. … Mrs. Clinton is unlikely to belittle Mr. Sanders. But her debate preparations have touched on, among other things, how Mr. Sanders would accomplish some of his ambitious proposals if he was elected president, according to three people briefed on the private discussions. … Led by Ron Klain, a former Biden aide, and Karen Dunn, a litigator, the debate preparations have featured Mrs. Clinton’s longtime lawyer, Robert Barnett, in the role of Mr. Sanders and her policy adviser Jake Sullivan playing Martin O’Malley, the former Maryland governor.”

— New York, “Hillary Clinton readies oppo research to go to war against Joe Biden,” by Gabriel Sherman: “According to a source close to the Clinton campaign, a team of opposition researchers working on behalf of Clinton is currently digging through Biden’s long record in office to develop attack lines in case the vice-president runs. The research effort started about a month ago and is being conducted by operatives at Correct the Record, the pro-Hillary superpac founded by David Brock…According to the source, the research has turned up material on Biden’s ties to Wall Street; his reluctance to support the raid that killed Osama bin Laden; and his role in the Anita Hill saga as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.”

— Washingtonian, “The greatest, most amazing, absolutely HUGE story of how Donald Trump took over Virginia’s biggest vineyard,” by Marisa M. Kashino: Kashino tells the (truly) incredible tale of how Trump bought Albemarle House, a 23,000 square foot mansion once owned by billionaire media and entertainment mogul John Kluge. Patricia Kluge kept the estate after a 1990 divorce, and built a winery. But when the market crashed, Patricia put it on sale for $100 million in 2009. Bank of America won the house portion of the land at a 2011 auction  for $15.26 million. But “Trump wasn’t worried. He had a plan he believed would eventually get him Albemarle House for far less than the bank had just paid. All he needed was the front yard…Trump knew this was his way in. In early 2011, he got the Kluge trust to sell him the yard for the bargain-basement price of $150,000. ‘That,’ says Eric Trump, ‘is the art of the deal right there.'”

Here was the logic: “By buying the front lawn, Trump made himself the immediate neighbor of the house. And who would want a bank-owned mansion with The Donald camped out front? A couple of months later, the Kluge vineyard hit the auction block again. Trump swooped in and bought it for $6.2 million…It thus would have been virtually impossible for a future resident of Albemarle House to do anything—go to the grocery store, get the mail—without looking at or setting foot on land owned by America’s best bloviator. ‘It was a 1,500-acre sea of Trump,” says Eric. ‘We surrounded them. Even the road that went to the house was on our property.'” By September 2012, after some legal wrangling: “With nary another buyer in sight, the Trumps got the bank down to their fire-sale closing price of $6.5 million. Albemarle was theirs.”


Sandra Bullock shares concern for raising black son. From the Huffington Post: “Sandra Bullock opens up about everything from George Clooney to her career in the November issue of Glamour magazine. It’s the cover star’s discussion of her family — specifically her son, Louis — that makes the interview stand out. ‘You see how far we’ve come in civil rights — and where we’ve gotten back to now. I want my son to be safe. I want my son to be judged for the man he is,’ Bullock says of her black 5-year-old son whom she adopted from New Orleans.”


Ivy League professor calls Ben Carson a ‘coon.’ From National Review: “A professor at the University of Pennsylvania called Carson a ‘coon’ because he said he’s cool with NASCAR flying Confederate flags during races if that’s what its fans want. ‘If only there was a ‘coon of the year’ award,’ Religious Studies professor Anthea Butler tweeted last Tuesday in response to a tweet sharing a Sports Illustrated article about Carson’s comments. Her post has since been deleted.”


— What’s happening today on the campaign trail: A big day in Iowa. Hillary Clinton holds community forums in Mouth Vernon and Council Bluffs, while Donald Trump greets supporters in Waterloo. Jeb Bush attends a fundraiser in West Des Moines and meets-and-greets in Muscatine and Oskaloosa. Mike Huckabee stops in Urbandale and Newtown. Jindal attends meet-and-greets in Atlantic and Council Bluffs. In N.H., Lindsey Graham campaigns in Brookline while Marco Rubio is in Manchester, Dover and Wolfeboro. Janet Huckabee is hitting the campaign trail for her husband this week, in Denison, Exira and Des Moines today; she’ll be in Orlando on Friday and Saturday. In D.C., Martin O’Malley addresses the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute forum at the convention center from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.

— On the Hill: The Senate meets at 9:30 to resume consideration of the NDAA. The House meets at 12 p.m. for legislative business, and will consider a measure to establish a Select Committee on Planned Parenthood. Last votes are expected from 4:15 to 5:15 p.m. Democrats will hold a bicameral rally to call for raising the sequester caps on both defense and non-defense spending as the Senate moves the defense bill. The 1:30 p.m. event on the East Front Lawn will feature Steny Hoyer, Chuck Schumer, Chris Van Hollen.

— At the White House: President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with President Gauck of Germany, delivers remarks at the White House Summit on Worker Voice, meets with Secretary of State John Kerry and participates in an event with workers, employers and unions. 


“We couldn’t be more bullish on Washington,” said Eric Trump, referring to various properties the Trump empire has snatched up in the region, according to the above story in Washingtonian.


— “It’s a nice little stretch of October goodness we’ve settled into here, and the good times are set to continue at least through tomorrow. Friday’s not bad either, but does eventually bring increasing clouds and a chance of showers into Saturday morning. After a cool and breezy Saturday, the balance of the holiday weekend looks pretty pleasant, with increasing sun and a warming trend,” the Capital Weather Gang is pleased to report.

DUH: Metro finally acknowledges that breakdowns and service failures are contributing to the steady, years-long decline in ridership that is causing financial stress for the transit agency and could lead to fare increases, Paul Duggan writes of a new report by WMATA. “The persistent drop in annual rail ridership since 2010 results not only from economic and lifestyle changes in the Washington region.”


Seth Meyers took aim at Jeb Bush’s “stuff happens” quote in response to gun violence:

Bobby Kennedy gave a speech about the need for gun control in Roseburg, Oregon, a week before he was assassinated in 1968. “With all the violence and murder and killings we’ve had in the United States, I think you will agree that we must keep firearms from people who have no business with guns or rifles,” he said. Watch the video here.

Ben Carson appeared on The View, and here are some of his exchanges:

— On evolution.

— On gun control.

Jay Leno put on a disguise and pretended to be an Uber driver named “Rocco” to promote his new show on CNBC. Read Adweek’s story about the marketing stunt here. Watch the funny 3-minute video here.