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Your complete guide to Trump’s Cabinet confirmation schedule

Confirmation votes for President Trump’s Cabinet picks and other nominees have been coming fast and furious. Here’s your guide to all the details.


Waiting for hearings (2):

  • Robert Lighthizer, nominated for U.S. Trade Representative
  • Sonny Perdue, nominated for secretary of Agriculture

Confirmed (16):

  • Ben Carson, secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Elaine Chao, secretary of Transportation
  • Betsy DeVos, secretary of Education
  • Nikki Haley, UN ambassador
  • John Kelly, secretary of Homeland Security
  • James Mattis, secretary of Defense
  • Linda McMahon, SBA administrator
  • Steve Mnuchin, secretary of the Treasury
  • Mick Mulvaney, OMB director
  • Rick Perry, secretary of Energy
  • Mike Pompeo, CIA director
  • Tom Price, secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Scott Pruitt, EPA administrator
  • Wilbur Ross, secretary of Commerce
  • Jeff Sessions, attorney general
  • David Shulkin, secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Rex Tillerson, secretary of State
  • Ryan Zinke, secretary of the Interior

Withdrawn (1):

  • Andrew Puzder, originally nominated for secretary of Labor


Former GOP presidential candidate Ben Carson is now President Trump's housing and urban development secretary. Here's what you need to know about him. (Video: Sarah Parnass, Osman Malik/The Washington Post)

WHO: Ben Carson

NOMINATED FOR: Housing and Urban Development secretary


FINAL VOTE: 58-41 on March 2

ARGUMENT FOR: Carson started his career as a highly accomplished surgeon before turning his attention to politics. His many fans on the conservative right cite his religious faith and rags-to-riches personal story as factors behind their support. Trump has called Carson “brilliant” and a “tough competitor.”

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Carson has no experience in public policy and no particular expertise in housing issues. He is known for promoting theories that prison makes inmates gay and that the pyramids were originally constructed to store grain.

Elaine Chao was confirmed as transportation secretary, Jan. 31. Here's what you should know about her. (Video: Sarah Parnass, Osman Malik, Thomas Johnson/The Washington Post)

WHO: Elaine Chao

NOMINATED FOR: Transportation secretary


FINAL VOTE: 93-6 on Jan. 31

ARGUMENT FOR: Chao previously served as deputy secretary at the Transportation Department and secretary of the Labor Department, giving her expansive insight into the workings of federal bureaucracy. Trump praised her “expertise,” “strong leadership” and personal background as an immigrant.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: The nomination of Chao, a consummate Washington insider married to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), defies Trump’s promise to surround himself only with people from outside government.

Here's what you need to know about Betsey DeVos, the billionaire donor who became President Trump's education secretary. (Video: The Washington Post, Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post)

WHO: Betsy DeVos

NOMINATED FOR: Education secretary


FINAL VOTE: 51-50 on Feb. 7, full Senate

ARGUMENT FOR: To supporters of school voucher programs, DeVos is a champion. A billionaire conservative activist, she has spent millions on programs to expand them across the country. Trump called her a “brilliant and passionate education advocate.”

ARGUMENT AGAINST: DeVos has no professional experience in schools and no traditional experience in education policy. Detractors say her views pose an unprecedented threat to the public school system as a civic institution.

As the former South Carolina governor, she has little foreign policy experience but has pledged "fresh eyes" and firm U.S. leadership in the U.N. (Video: Jenny Starrs/The Washington Post, Photo: Melina Mara/The Washington Post)

WHO: South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley (R)

NOMINATED FOR: Ambassador to the United Nations


FINAL VOTE: 96-4 on Jan. 24

ARGUMENT FOR: A daughter of Indian immigrants and a rising Republican star, Haley is a polished communicator with national security views that fit into the Republican mainstream.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Haley has virtually no experience in foreign policy or international affairs except for leading trade missions on behalf of South Carolina.

Retired Marine Gen. John F. Kelly is the secretary of homeland security under President Trump. Here's what you need to know about him. (Video: Sarah Parnass, Osman Malik/The Washington Post, Photo: Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)

WHO: Retired Marine Gen. John Kelly

NOMINATED FOR: Homeland security secretary


FINAL VOTE: 88-11 on Jan. 20

ARGUMENT FOR: A widely respected and long-serving military officer, Kelly oversaw operations in Central and South America as head of the U.S. Southern Command. Trump praised him as the “right person to spearhead the urgent mission of stopping illegal immigration” and experienced in stopping drug and human trafficking.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: The choice of Kelly further raised questions about Trump’s desire to surround himself with military generals, and Kelly has a blunt manner that can bring him into conflict with other leaders. Detractors have raised concerns about his past comments questioning the Pentagon order opening jobs in combat units to women.

WHO: Robert E. Lighthizer

NOMINATED FOR: U.S. trade representative


SENATE HEARING: TBA, Senate Finance Committee

ARGUMENT FOR: A former Reagan administration official, Lighthizer has decades of experience in trade policy and litigation. He is currently a partner at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, where he represents heavy manufacturing, agricultural and high-tech companies and has served as lead counsel in “scores of antidumping countervailing duty cases,” according to his official biography.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Lighthizer is a harsh critic of China and has advocated for imposing unilateral tariffs on Chinese imports, a step many believe would risk a trade war.

General James Mattis has been confirmed as secretary of defense (Video: Jenny Starrs/The Washington Post)

WHO: Retired Marine Gen. James Mattis

NOMINATED FOR: Defense secretary


FINAL VOTE: 98-1 on Jan. 20

ARGUMENT FOR: Mattis is highly experienced, having served more than four decades in the Marine Corps, including as the chief of U.S. Central Command. He is highly respected within the military establishment.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Mattis is known for making impolitic comments from time to time, such as “It’s fun to shoot some people,” a remark he made during a panel discussion in 2005. To lead the Pentagon, he needs a waiver from Congress bypassing a federal law that disqualifies military personnel who served on active duty in the previous seven years from becoming defense secretary. He is one of several former generals expected to join the top ranks of Trump’s administration, a source of criticism for the president-elect.

President-elect Donald Trump is nominating Linda McMahon for administrator of the Small Business Administration. Here's what you need to know about her. (Video: Bastien Inzaurralde, Osman Malik/The Washington Post, Photo: BRYAN R. SMITH/The Washington Post)

WHO: Linda McMahon

NOMINATED FOR: Administrator of the Small Business Administration


FINAL VOTE: 81-19 on Feb. 14

ARGUMENT FOR: Trump praised McMahon, the co-founder and former CEO of World Wrestling Entertainment, as “one of the country’s top female executives advising businesses around the globe.”

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Critics have alleged the WWE engaged in questionable labor practices under McMahon’s leadership, including promoting steroid and painkiller abuse and requiring wrestlers to follow a grueling schedule that some say contributed to their premature deaths. Democrats who oppose her nomination say she lacks the policy knowledge to lead the SBA.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin was a Goldman Sachs banker before joining Donald Trump’s administration. Here’s what you need to know about him. (Video: Deirdra O'Regan/The Washington Post)

WHO: Steven Mnuchin

NOMINATED FOR: Treasury secretary


FINAL VOTE: 53-47 on Feb. 13

ARGUMENT FOR: Mnuchin, a highly successful investor and former Goldman Sachs executive, “has played a key role in developing our plan to build a dynamic, booming economy that will create millions of jobs,” Trump said in November.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Mnuchin has no government experience and has articulated few policy views. His tenure on Wall Street seems to contradict Trump’s populist rhetoric on the campaign trail and has become a target for critics.

President-elect Donald Trump named Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R-S.C.) as his director of the Office of Management and Budget. (Video: Claritza Jimenez/The Washington Post, Photo: Susan Walsh/The Washington Post)

WHO: Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R-S.C.)

NOMINATED FOR: Director of the Office of Management and Budget


FINAL VOTE: 51-49 on Feb. 16

ARGUMENT FOR: Elected to the House in the 2010 tea party wave, Mulvaney is known as a budget policy wonk and vociferous deficit hawk, endearing him to fiscal conservatives. He has served on the House Budget, Financial Services and Oversight and Government Reform Committees.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Mulvaney campaigned for the House on a promise never to raise the debt ceiling and has voted several times against doing so, a position critics believe downplays the potentially disastrous results of a government default. Mulvaney also failed to pay more than $15,000 in state and federal payroll taxes for a household employee, according to a disclosure form obtained by The Post.

President Donald Trump tapped Sonny Perdue to become Agriculture Secretary. Here's what you should know about him. (Video: Victoria Walker/The Washington Post)

WHO: Former Georgia governor Sonny Perdue (R)

NOMINATED FOR: Agriculture secretary


NEXT HEARING: TBA, Senate Committee on Agriculture

ARGUMENT FOR: Perdue has a strong background in agriculture, having grown up on a farm, owned a grain and fertilizer business and trained as a veterinarian. As the former governor of Georgia, a state where farming is the largest industry, he is familiar with agricultural policy and has experience running a government bureaucracy.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Opponents believe Perdue’s decisions and ties to industry will serve the interests of agribusiness and factory farming at the expense of environmental protection and animal welfare. Perdue has also made statements suggesting he is skeptical of climate change.

WHO: Former Texas governor Rick Perry (R)

NOMINATED FOR: Energy secretary


FINAL VOTE: 62-37 on March 2

ARGUMENT FOR: Perry was the longest-serving governor in the history of Texas, a major oil-and-gas state.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Perry has voiced support for abolishing the Energy Department, and environmental groups worry his confirmation would mean rolling back efforts to expand renewable energy. He has also repeatedly questioned scientific findings about climate change.

Former congressman Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.) left his seat in the House to become President Trump's CIA director. Here's what we know about him. (Video: Victoria Walker/The Washington Post)

WHO: Rep. Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.)



FINAL VOTE: 66-32 on Jan. 23

ARGUMENT FOR: Pompeo, who was elected to the House in 2010, serves on the House Intelligence Committee. A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, he served as an cavalry officer before founding an aerospace company — a varied record that Trump favors. He was praised as “bright and hard-working” by Democratic House colleague Adam B. Schiff (Calif.).

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Pompeo has no meaningful experience in espionage. He is seen as a fierce partisan on issues such as the 2012 attacks in Benghazi, Libya, and the leaks by Edward Snowden, a tendency some CIA veterans fear could bias his judgment.

Tom Price, a vehement critic of the Affordable Care Act, is President Trump's secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. (Video: Jenny Starrs/The Washington Post)

WHO: Rep. Tom Price (R-Ga.)

NOMINATED FOR: Health and Human Services secretary


FINAL VOTE: 52-47 on Feb. 10

ARGUMENT FOR: Price, a third-generation doctor and chairman of the House Budget Committee, is a health-care policy expert who has proposed his own alternative to Obamacare.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Critics point to Price’s desire to repeal the Affordable Care Act and overhaul U.S. entitlement programs as a reason not to confirm him. Price’s stock portfolio is also receiving scrutiny amid revelations he bought and sold shares in health-care companies that would be affected by legislation he worked on.

WHO: Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt

NOMINATED FOR: EPA administrator


FINAL VOTE: 52-46 on Feb. 17

ARGUMENT FOR: Pruitt is an “expert in constitutional law” and “one of the country’s top attorneys general” who has a deep familiarity with federal environmental and energy regulations.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Pruitt has spent his tenure as attorney general fighting the Environmental Protection Agency. Critics point to his philosophical differences with the agency’s mission as reason not to confirm him.

President-elect Donald Trump is nominating fast-food executive Andrew Puzder as secretary of labor. Here's what you need to know about him. (Video: Sarah Parnass, Osman Malik, Danielle Kunitz, Adriana Usero/The Washington Post, Photo: Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post)

WHO: Andrew Puzder



ARGUMENT FOR: Puzder is chief executive of CKE Restaurants, the parent company of Hardee’s and Carl’s Jr. Trump said he has “created and boosted the careers of thousands of Americans.”

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Detractors point to Puzder’s opposition to the Affordable Care Act, federal rules that would make more workers eligible for overtime pay and substantially raising the minimum wage to argue he should not lead the Labor Department. His ex-wife accused him of beating her — Puzder denies any physical abuse — in their 1986 divorce proceedings. He has also faced criticism for his company’s use of racy and suggestive advertising.

Wilbur Ross is President Trump's new commerce secretary. Here's what you need to know about the billionaire investor. (Video: Monica Akhtar, Osman Malik, Thomas Johnson/The Washington Post, Photo: AP/The Washington Post)

WHO: Wilbur Ross

NOMINATED FOR: Commerce secretary


FINAL VOTE: 72-27 on Feb. 27

ARGUMENT FOR: Trump praised Ross, a billionaire investor who made his fortune restructuring distressed companies, as a “champion of American manufacturing” and “one of the greatest negotiators I have ever met.” Supporters hope his experience as a turnaround specialist will boost jobs and reinvigorate troubled U.S. industries.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Ross’s record of buying and restructuring troubled businesses sometimes involved layoffs and budget cuts. He is a hard-line supporter of renegotiating or withdrawing from free-trade agreements, a stance that puts him in conflict with free-market Republican orthodoxy.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions has been implementing big changes at the Justice Department. (Video: Thomas Johnson/The Washington Post)

WHO: Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.)

NOMINATED FOR: Attorney general


FINAL VOTE: 52-47 on Feb. 8

ARGUMENT FOR: Trump has praised Sessions, a longtime adviser and supporter, as a “world-class legal mind.” First elected in 1996, Sessions previously served as a U.S. attorney and attorney general for Alabama. He has earned praise from Democrats who work with him.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Accusations of racism have dogged Sessions’s career. He was denied a federal judgeship in 1986 after former colleagues testified he used the n-word and said the Ku Klux Klan was “okay” until he realized Klan members smoked marijuana.

President-elect Donald Trump announced on Jan. 11 that he has picked David Shulkin to lead the Department of Veterans Affairs. (Video: Victoria Walker, Danielle Kunitz/The Washington Post)

WHO: David Shulkin

NOMINATED FOR: Veterans Affairs secretary


FINAL VOTE: 100-0 on Feb. 13

ARGUMENT FOR: Shulkin already serves as VA’s Undersecretary for Health, giving him firsthand experience leading one of the department’s largest administrations. He was confirmed unanimously for the job in June 2015, and prior to that, spent 30 years leading private hospitals.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Trump supporters say it is not clear Shulkin agrees with the president’s desire to dramatically expand private care for veterans, and some point to ongoing problems with the Veterans Health Administration to argue he was the wrong choice. If confirmed, Shulkin would be the first VA secretary not to have served in the military.

President-elect Donald Trump has picked Rex Tillerson as his nominee for secretary of state. Here's what you need to know about Tillerson. (Video: Thomas Johnson, Victoria Walker, Danielle Kunitz/The Washington Post)

WHO: Rex Tillerson

NOMINATED FOR: Secretary of state


FINAL VOTE: 56-43 on Feb. 1

ARGUMENT FOR: Trump sees Tillerson, who joined ExxonMobil in 1975 and served as its chief executive, as the “embodiment of the American Dream.” Trump has praised his “tenacity, broad experience and deep understanding of geopolitics.” As a global business leader, Tillerson has experience dealing with heads of state around the world, including in Russia, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Tillerson has no experience in the public sector, received the Order of Friendship from Russian President Vladimir Putin and brings along potential conflicts of interest from his business career. It’s also unclear whether he supports sanctions implemented against Russia in 2014 over its annexation of Crimea and Moscow’s support for separatists in Ukraine.

The Senate confirmed Rep. Ryan Zinke (R-Mont.) to head the Department of the Interior. Here’s what you need to know about him. (Video: Bastien Inzaurralde, Danielle Kunitz, Sarah Parnass/The Washington Post)

WHO: Rep. Ryan Zinke (R-Mont.)

NOMINATED FOR: Interior secretary


FINAL VOTE: 68-31 on March 1

ARGUMENT FOR: Zinke, an outdoor enthusiast and fifth-generation Montanan, sits on the House Natural Resources Committee. Trump praised his “impressive portfolio on Interior issues ranging from federal mineral leases to tribal affairs to public lands conservation” and noted his experience and “incredible leadership skills” as a Navy SEAL from 1986 to 2008.

ARGUMENT AGAINST: Zinke, who has spent only one term in Congress, has been widely criticized by environmental groups for opposing their agenda on issues ranging from protections for endangered species to coal extraction to gas drilling. He said during a 2014 debate that climate change is “not a hoax, but it’s not proven science either.”