1) No one will oversee the program that makes sure your organic food is actually organic. That's called the National Organic Standards Program, and its entire staff was furloughed. Also on the Department of Agriculture furlough list: the people who check that your meats, shellfish, produce, nuts and ginseng are labeled with their country of origin.
2) The Department of Homeland Security will stop civil liberties complaint lines, investigation and training. The training will affect employees on the state, local and federal level.
5) New distilleries, breweries and wineries won't open. Certain businesses that manufacture or distribute alcohol -- and firearms, ammunition and tobacco products -- require permits from the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, which won't accept new applications during the shutdown.
6) Space will go silent. The NASA social media staff behind @MarsCuriosity, a prolific and wildly popular account, have been furloughed. Nasa.gov, the site that gave you Karen Nyburg washing her hair in space, is also offline.
7) Businesses that operate on federally managed lands or public parks -- such as privately owned campgrounds, concession stands and tour companies -- will close.
9) The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act will be back-burnered. Dodd-Frank was designed to overhaul the financial regulatory system and provide more government oversight in the wake of the recession, but the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) says it won't work on the act's implementation during the shutdown.
10) The Department of Agriculture will not operate its popular 25-year-old "Meat and Poultry Hotline."
11) Most research activities at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will go dark. Those agencies study topics including long-term climate change. Real-time hurricane and flight-planning models will still be available.
12) Towns impacted by the recent flooding in Colorado could wait longer for assistance.
13) No one from the Office of the Pardon Attorney will be available should President Obama want to issue a presidential pardon. The Justice Department adds that, in an emergency, someone from that office could be recalled from furlough.
14) The Department of Transportation will not drug test its employees.
15) Charges of on-the-job discrimination complaints will not be investigated. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which oversees these investigations, will record the charges and hold them until after the shutdown.
16) Only 15 people will care for the White House and the Obama family, down from their usual 90.
17) No one will advise the government on "matters pertaining to the arts." And there is, in fact, an entire commission devoted to just that type of advice.
18) E-Verify will go offline. More than 400,000 employers use the popular system to check their employees’ immigration and eligibility status.
19) The U.S. Coast Guard will delay licenses for both recreational and for-profit boaters.
20) The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement will stop monitoring coal mines ... except in an emergency or if someone complains.
21) Whales will be on their own. The scientific advisory committee that monitors their safety will shutter all operations, save for a few members, appointed by the president, who will watch for emergencies.