The government will probably ask the Supreme Court to intervene in the travel ban.
But, all caps aside, this is a major setback for not only one of Trump's signature campaign promises but also for his conception of a presidency with nearly unlimited power.
During his campaign for president, Trump regularly promised that he would install a system of “extreme vetting” if elected, casting it as a necessary step to keep the country safe. When he signed the executive order 13 days ago that took steps toward instituting just that policy, Democrats immediately began to work through the legal system to undo it.
To Trump, it was an open-and-shut case: He was the president. The president is tasked with keeping the country safe. This ban would keep the country safe.
The appeals court didn't see it that way, leaving Trump with the very real possibility that even an appeal to the Supreme Court will change nothing. Remember that the Supreme Court is divided between four more-liberal justices and four more-conservative ones. The ninth seat is open as a result of the death of Antonin Scalia and the blockade Republicans put up on then-President Barack Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland. Trump court nominee Neil Gorsuch is in the very early stages of the process and wouldn't be seated — even if he is eventually confirmed — in time to break the tie.
And a tie would mean the ruling of the appeals court would hold — and Trump's travel ban would be no more.
That's a big deal for a man who promised during the 2016 campaign that he could change everything that people hated about Washington, bringing his business savvy to its bloated bureaucracy. What Trump is learning — or should learn — from this latest court ruling is that the government isn't like a business in one critical way: There are checks and balances built into the system. The judiciary is not something he can control or cajole. He is, quite literally, not the boss of the federal court system.
Trump has changed Washington more than Washington has changed him in his first three weeks in office. But tonight's ruling proves that even someone like Trump, who views the executive branch with the most expansive powers possible, cannot simply dictate how he wants the country to run or whom the country is allowed to accept within its borders.
His initial reaction was, in a word, Trumpian. But tweets — even those in all caps — don't change the separation of power in our system of government, a fact that Trump is being forced to acknowledge with his presidency less than three weeks old.