Agencies, GAO found, are generally reporting on the contracts that they hand out. What's missing from the site are grants and awards, a range of federal spending that covers everything from agricultural development to research on new naval reconnaissance. The absent data represents a considerable slice of the trillion dollars that the U.S. government spends on grants, loans and similar programs in a year. (To compile the "known universe" of award data, GAO says, researchers consulted the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance and the Public Budget Database.)
The issue, says the author of the GAO report, seems often to be that agencies aren't aware that they should be reporting that non-contract data. The researchers used 2012 numbers to allow the time to fully vet the data set. And after GAO let it be known that the information was missing, said the GAO staffer, many agencies responded by belatedly posting the data.
Still, even when it comes to the data posted in timely fashion to the site, the results weren't terrific. Somewhere between 2 and 7 percent of all awards had complete records — that is, 21 data elements, from award titles to details about which congressional district the award was spent in, were accurately checked.
USASpending.gov was launched to great fanfare in 2007, the product of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act. "Technology makes it possible for every American to know what is happening and to hold elected officials accountable," said one of its congressional sponsors, then-Senator Barack Obama.