"We're really glad that D.C. is one of the primary locations not only in the United States but also in the world for our testing," said Allan Martinson, Starship's chief operating officer, in an interview.
Executives hope their technology will lead to cheap, ground-based delivery service, costing less than $1 per trip. To make that happen, the drones largely eschew the kinds of sophisticated sensors that you'd find in a driverless car or unmanned aerial vehicle.
It's likely that the service will start by field testing the robots themselves for a period before taking any customers. It could take a few weeks to teach the robots how to get around and "get the initial feeling" for the place, said Martinson.
The city's stamp of approval — passed this week as part of a budget amendment bill — imposes several restrictions. Any company that wants to start testing ground-based delivery drones will be limited to five robots at a time. The robots can't weigh more than 50 pounds unloaded, and they aren't allowed to go faster than 10 miles per hour. If something malfunctions and the robot has to stop in the middle of its route, Starship will need to come along and clear it from the streets within 24 hours.
The pilot project will run from Sept. 15 through the end of December 2017.
Ground-based drones will likely face a number of challenges, from successfully navigating their environments to fending off thieves. But the technology could prove to be an early alternative to drone deliveries, whose future is still hazy despite the Federal Aviation Administration publishing its long-awaited drone rules this week.