Moreover, regulators said, Facebook staff knew that matching accounts was technically possible at the time of the review.
For its part, Facebook maintains that it did not mean to mislead regulators. “We’ve acted in good faith since our very first interactions with the Commission and we’ve sought to provide accurate information at every turn,” Facebook said in an official company blog post. “The errors we made in our 2014 filings were not intentional and the Commission has confirmed that they did not impact the outcome of the merger review. Today’s announcement brings this matter to a close.”
The decision, as Facebook's statement indicates, does not affect the relationship between WhatsApp and Facebook. The commission has said that the information in misleading statements was not a major factor in its decision to approve the merger.
The European Commission said it hopes that the fine will send a message to companies that they must comply with regulations or risk fines.
“Today's decision sends a clear signal to companies that they must comply with all aspects of EU merger rules, including the obligation to provide correct information,” Margrethe Vestager, the European commissioner for competition, said in a statement. “And it imposes a proportionate and deterrent fine on Facebook. The Commission must be able to take decisions about mergers' effects on competition in full knowledge of accurate facts.”
Privacy regulators, in separate investigations, have been looking into whether Facebook and WhatsApp are violating European data-sharing laws; the companies last year were ordered to stop some data-sharing in Germany.