For the first part of the study they were asked a number of fitness questions including this one about standing: “For those activities that you do most days of the week (such as work, school, and housework), how much time do you spend standing?" The answers were grouped into five categories -- almost all of the time; approximately three-quarters of the time; approximately half of the time; approximately one-quarter of the time; almost none of the time.
The second component of the study involved measuring the study participants' body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage and waist circumference and determining whether they had metabolic syndrome (a cluster of symptoms that includes high blood pressure or elevated blood sugar).
In men, standing a quarter of the time was linked to a 32 percent reduction in obesity and standing half the time with a 59 percent reduced likelihood of obesity. Interestingly, standing three-quarters of the time did not appear to be associated with reduced obesity. In women, standing a quarter, half, and three-quarter was associated with 35 percent, 47 percent and 57 percent respective reductions in obesity.
In both sexes, there appeared to be no association between standing and metabolic syndrome.
Based on the study, "clinicians and public health practitioners should consider encouraging patients to achieve the physical activity guidelines and increase standing time for chronic disease prevention," Kerem Shuval, director of physical activity research for the American Cancer Society, and his colleagues wrote in the paper.
However, Shuval noted that there's still "insufficient evidence specifically focusing on the public health and medical implications of increasing daily standing time as a potential tool for health promotion."
The new study itself is limited by the fact that it's impossible to conclude from the data "whether more standing reduces the risk of obesity and [metabolic syndrome] or whether being obese or having [metabolic syndrome] leads to less standing."
If you're confused about the health benefits of standing vs. sitting you're hardly alone given the recent flurry of news about the topic. Last month, after a widely-shared study published in October in the Journal of Epidemiology found that sitting is not associated with an increased risk of dying, a number of office workers tweeted that they would be saying goodbye to their standing desks.
Shuval's study supports previous research that points to the dangers of being too sedentary. In a 2010 study in the American Journal of Epidemiology, for instance, scientists found that people who sat more than six hours a day had a much higher mortality rate than those sitting less than three hours. Earlier this year, experts writing in the British Journal of Sports Medicine recommended that people stand, wiggle and otherwise move or take breaks for at least two hours -- or a quarter of of the typical eight-hour work day.
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