This post has been updated.
The distance between health-policy ideology and life-or-death health care narrowed to a few feet at a nationally televised town hall meeting this week when a small-business man from Arizona stood up and faced House Speaker Paul D. Ryan.
“Just like you, I was a Republican,” Jeff Jeans began. Standing on the stage, the Wisconsin congressman broke into a grin as Jeans said he had volunteered in two Republican presidential campaigns and opposed the Affordable Care Act so much that he'd told his wife he would close their business before complying with the health-care law.
But that, he said, was before he was diagnosed with a “very curable cancer” and told that, if left untreated, he had perhaps six weeks to live. Only because of an early Affordable Care Act program that offered coverage to people with preexisting medical problems, Jeans said, “I am standing here today alive.”
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The speaker's smile vanished. His brow furrowed.
“Being both a small-business person and someone with preexisting conditions, I rely on the Affordable Care Act to be able to purchase my own insurance,” Jeans said. “Why would you repeal the Affordable Care Act without a replacement?”
Ryan went for the human touch. “First, I am glad you are standing here,” he replied. “I mean really. Seriously. Hey. No really.”
But Jeans interrupted him: “I want to thank President Obama from the bottom of my heart, because I would be dead if it weren't for him.”
The exchange during the CNN-sponsored town hall meeting Thursday evening encapsulated part of the challenge for GOP lawmakers as they begin to undo the health-care law under which 20 million Americans have obtained insurance coverage. Although Republicans promise a stable transition period so that nobody is suddenly without coverage, no replacement plan is ready.
Just several hours after the House voted mostly along party lines Friday on a budget measure intended as the first step toward repeal, Jeans, 54, elaborated in an interview on his medical and financial crisis.
He had lost his health benefits, he told The Washington Post, when a company for which he had moved to Arizona filed for bankruptcy. Soon after, in early 2012, he was diagnosed with throat cancer, with a tumor on his vocal cords so large that he could not speak. He offered to pay cash for the $30,000 treatment, but a cancer center near his Sedona home said he needed to produce either an insurance card or a $1 million deposit.
He could not. So Jeans was instead hospitalized for two weeks in an intensive care unit to receive steroid treatments to try to shrink the tumor.
On April 1 of that year, he recounted, his wife bought an insurance policy for both of them through the Affordable Care Act's preexisting condition insurance plan — a temporary program the law created before its insurance marketplaces began. That day, his cancer treatments began.
It was around that time that he left the Republican Party and created a Facebook page, “ObamacareSavedMyLife.” It now has 1,300 followers around the country.
During the few minutes of the televised exchange between Jeans and Ryan on Thursday, the House speaker did not relent on his policy ideas. Rather than requiring workers at small businesses to help shoulder the burden of covering people needing expensive care, he said, it would be better for states to create high-risk pools designed solely for those individuals.
“We want more choices, lower prices, more competition, no monopolies,” Ryan told Jeans. “That's what we want to replace it with, and that's what we're working on.”
The lawmaker assured Jeans that Republicans would not repeal the law without creating something new in its stead: “We want to replace it with something better.”
After the event, Jeans said, Ryan made a point of speaking with him. The businessman didn't say at the time that he thinks that high-risk pools have not worked in the past and that they would have had too little funding under legislation previously proposed by Rep. Tom Price, the Georgia Republican whom President-elect Donald Trump picked to be the next health and human services secretary.
Jeans simply told Ryan that he has a few ideas he'd like to discuss at the right time. And he came away with an aide's business card. On Friday, he was hoping he has his foot in the door.
Alice Crites contributed to this report.