The word “Oriental” has meant different things in English (though all, naturally, related to “the East”). The “Orient Express,” for instance, went to Istanbul, but in more recent times, the “Oriental” in America largely referred to East Asians (though it has now largely fallen out of favor). For an interesting legal twist on that, see Ritchey Produce Co., Inc. v. Ohio Dept. of Adm. Serv. (Ohio 1999), in which a business owner claimed an affirmative action racial preference offered to “Orientals” on the grounds that he was Lebanese. The court rejected the argument, concluding that “Orientals” referred to East Asians; see Part VII of the opinion for a longish discussion.

There is only one country, however, that has the word Oriental as part of its name. What is that country?