Page limits and footnotes

From Tamosaitis v. Bechtel National, Inc. (Wash. Ct. App. July 1, 2014):

RAP [Rule of Appellate Procedure] 10.4(b) limits a respondent’s brief to no more than 50 pages. Although the respondents’ initial brief contains exactly 50 full pages, its excessive use of footnotes, 47 in all, is clearly intended to circumvent the page limits set by RAP 10.4(b). Many of these footnotes take up a third of a page or more, and contain core facts and substantive argument intended to directly support the respondents’ argument for affirming summary judgment. Had the respondents put these items in the body of their brief, the brief would have greatly exceeded the 50 page limit.

We have repeatedly told parties to make their argument in the body of their brief, not their footnotes. State v. Harris, 164 Wn. App. 377, 389 n.7, 263 P.3d 1276 (2011); State v. N.E., 70 Wn. App. 602, 606 n.3, 854 P.2d 672 (1993); State v. Johnson, 69 Wn. App. 189, 194 n.4, 847 P.2d 960 (1993). We have also rejected attempts to circumvent the page limits by trying to incorporate by reference pages from arguments made at the trial court. Diversified Wood Recycling, Inc. v. Johnson, 161 Wn. App. 859, 890, 251 P.3d 293 (2011). While the complicated nature of this case likely justified the need for over-length briefing, we have rules for seeking permission to file an over-length brief. RAP 10.4(b).

I would think that one good solution to the problem is to shift, as many (most?) courts have, to word limits. But if there are page limits, trying to circumvent them through heavy use of footnotes, especially for substantive argument, isn’t a good idea: Even if the judges won’t be annoyed, anything said in footnotes is especially likely to be skimmed or even skipped. Footnotes are sometimes useful (if local custom tolerates them), for instance for extended tangential citations that would otherwise make the text hard to read, or for responses to fairly unlikely counterarguments. But if you have something to say that you really do want judges to notice, put it in the text.

Eugene Volokh teaches free speech law, religious freedom law, church-state relations law, a First Amendment Amicus Brief Clinic, and tort law, at UCLA School of Law, where he has also often taught copyright law, criminal law, and a seminar on firearms regulation policy.

opinions

volokh-conspiracy

Success! Check your inbox for details. You might also like:

Please enter a valid email address

See all newsletters

Comments
Show Comments

Sign up for email updates from the "Confronting the Caliphate" series.

You have signed up for the "Confronting the Caliphate" series.

Thank you for signing up
You'll receive e-mail when new stories are published in this series.
Most Read National

opinions

volokh-conspiracy

Success! Check your inbox for details.

See all newsletters

Next Story
David Bernstein · July 8, 2014

To keep reading, please enter your email address.

You’ll also receive from The Washington Post:
  • A free 6-week digital subscription
  • Our daily newsletter in your inbox

Please enter a valid email address

I have read and agree to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Please indicate agreement.

Thank you.

Check your inbox. We’ve sent an email explaining how to set up an account and activate your free digital subscription.