18 U.S.C. ____ Willful Refusal to Comply With A Decryption Order
(a) Whoever willfully refuses to comply with a decryption order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction in an ongoing investigation into an offense against the United States is punishable as one who has committed the offense against the United States.
(1) “Decryption order” means any lawful writ, process, order, rule, decree, warrant, or command requiring the subject of the order to enter in a password, passcode, or key so as to decrypt or otherwise make readily available encrypted data;
(2) “Willfully refuses” means an intentional and continuing refusal not based on (i) a good-faith assertion of the Fifth Amendment privilege prior to a final judicial ruling on whether the individual has such a privilege, (ii) a valid assertion of the Fifth Amendment privilege as determined by a final judicial ruling on whether the individual has such a privilege, or (iii) a good-faith inability to comply;
(3) “Court of competent jurisdiction” means any district court of the United States (including a magistrate judge of such a court) that has jurisdiction over the offense being investigated.