While many Muslims around the world have publicly condemned the terrorist attacks that struck Paris on Friday, others have argued that Muslims didn't need to specifically speak out against the attacks.
There are more than 1.6 billion Muslims in the world -- nearly a quarter of the global population -- living all kinds of lives and espousing all kinds of political and religious beliefs. Just as most people don't point a spotlight at Christians to condemn the actions of the KKK, or at Buddhists for the monks who are slaughtering people in Myanmar, or white people for slavery, so the argument goes, it isn't the special responsibility of Muslims to apologize for a very radical fringe group.
Yet this is hardly the majority opinion in America, where a lot of people don't seem to know the difference between the Islamic State and Islam. Since I posted an article on Sunday describing how Muslims around the world condemned the Paris attacks, I've received countless responses via e-mail and Twitter broadly equating Islam with terrorism.
One of the best take-downs of this idea comes from Reza Aslan, an Iranian-American writer and professor at the University of California, Riverside. This interview of Aslan by CNN is an old one, but it pretty perfectly complements the current discussion over Islam and terrorism.
In the video, Aslan dispels the idea that we can use isolated cases like terrorist attacks by the Islamic State or stoning in Pakistan to describe "Muslim countries" more broadly. "We're using two or three examples to justify a generalization. That's actually the definition of bigotry," he says.
This isn't to say that the Islamic State has "nothing to do with Islam." Shadi Hamid of the Brookings Institution has an interesting commentary on this here. ISIS's worldview is rooted in its own specific interpretation of Islamic scripture. But to say that Islam or its believers in general are somehow inherently violent in a way that other religions aren't -- a fairly common view in America, it seems -- is just blatantly incorrect.
Islamist fundamentalism is a worrying problem, and terrorism, stoning, female genital mutilation and other brutal practices happening in Muslim-majority states like Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan should be condemned and criticized by everyone, Aslan says.
"But to say 'Muslim countries,' as though Pakistan and Turkey are the same, as though Indonesia and Saudi Arabia are the same, as though somehow what is happening in the most extreme forms of these repressive countries, these autocratic countries, is representative of what is happening in every other Muslim country, it is frankly -- and I use this word seriously -- stupid," he says. "So let's stop doing that."
This article has been updated.